WOMEN EMPOWERMENT 6
WomenEmpowerment in the Society
WomenEmpowerment in the Society
Theobvious traditional methods of childcare that mothers used topractice have become obsolete. Withan aid of development of science in our society on childcare as wellas the hygiene and nutritional methods on how mothers used to bringup their children, the whole process mother’s instinct isfacilitated with an aid of science.It is evident that most of the maternal women play a big role inbringing up their children. Theytherefore, identify their role and temperament within theiradolescent stages and a prove is made that any commitment made by amother to her child is usually dependent on circumstances and anumber of considerations may be held in turn that include thesocioeconomic constraints, the costs and benefits of bringing up achild (SaaraKatainen, Keskivaara, & Keltikangas, 1999).Accessibility to the parental support, the sex determinant of theinfant and maternal age as well as condition need to beconsidered.
Someof the families, however, do experience alloparenting system ofparenting where other individuals other than the actual parents takefull responsibility of caring for the child as the real mother. It isevident that the task of rearing infants is usually tedious andencompasses extensive costs that are highly demanding. Consequently,mothers will hardly be present fully when engaging in bothreproductive and productive undertaking thus a help from one or bothparents stands to be vital to supplement the extensive, as well as anintensive maternal investment.Even though mothers play a big role in child development, they arerarely the sole caretakers of the infants.
Mothersdo get supportive parental care with the help of their kinand through social systems. A combination of the three enhances afeasible child rearing. A number of incidents have beenexperiencedwhere mothers leave their children with second parties preferably thegrandparents for a particular period and still fulfill what theyaspire without any burden. The study shows that motherhood is neitherculturally constructed nor a myth. Indeed, it circles the socialaspect, historical, demographic and ethnographic factors in adiversified cultural setup. The research, therefore, attempt to mergeunnecessary worries associated with the feminist essentialism inrelation to the roles of mothers.
Inmaking a review on the most influential person who supports a child’ssurvival in the society finds that conflicts that do arise with thecaregivers has a significant influence on the childcare practice. Thefathers’ investments to children vary within household setups andsocietal backgrounds. In most cases, the grandmothers serve best andfully devote themselves to care for infants just as mothers based ontheir experiences and genetic passage related to menopausal andreproductive status. However, an attachment or bond that ties aninfant and the maternal parent is usually vital for the young child.Infants do have an innate relationship with their mothers for thefirst years when born, and when they aredeprivedof this bond, they do suffer an irreparable damage that sticks intheir entire life.
Thisprimary attachment forms cooperative breeding processes, which helpus understand that an inconsistent childcare may express along-lasting negative message to the infant. First,the child may lose trust created between the mother and the child,and secondly, they may form negative attitude based on the mother’sdisappearance and avoid their presence (Behar & Deborah, 1995).Consequently,it is true that human beings do evolve as cooperative breederstherefore, the mothers need to rely on and practice alloparental carefrom other people such as fathers, elderly siblings and other kin forhelp.The maternal contingent to the child will, therefore, dependent onthe social circumstances such as the support assistance got from thefamily, relatives, and the society or learning institutions at large.
Inmost cases, mothers do face challenges to get alloparentswho are qualified to render childcare duties on their behalf.Nevertheless, alloparental practices will be feasible when thecooperative breeding system ispracticedwith much consideration for the benefit of the child. It is withinthe rights for mothers to keep their choices whether to stay intactwith their children at home, to rely on a combination of bothprofessional and reproduction or to remain without a child. However,though they remain important in child growth in tender age, childrencan be natured by others apart from them, and the task of caretakinginvolves a collective responsibility rather than an individual.
Technologyhas indeed expanded the reproductive freedom of human being in manyways, especially for cancer women who require egg donor or ratherseek to preserve fertility. Technology has offered freezer parity forboth male and female gametes however, it is a double-edged swordsince it empowers women and creates unwanted pressure andestrangement to others (Johnsen, 1994). Egg freezing as atechnological advancement comprises of the moral facts, medicalside-effect implications as well as the social ties.
Thetasks associated with mothers are in high demand since they do havedual careers. Women, therefore, recalled upon to strike a balance andmake trade-offs on their reproductive responsibilities and thecondition in which they are in, balancing the resources to mergetheir conditions. It is necessary to utilize the support got from thealloparentsor from communal childcare social systems that combine mothers’roles. Apart from the maternal instincts, there are other biologicalinheritance children adopt from their parents that bring relatedtensions. Historically, mothers have a dual purpose in offeringchildcare to the infant. A close bond created between the mother andchild. Consequently,in the societal set up, women were recognized to be the contributorsof food production since they could gather a lot of caloriesnecessary for the infants as opposed to men, and they were willing totake full responsibility for the children regardless of the workingcondition exposure.Thismaybe supportive as to why there are no male contraceptive options asthey arenot closely linkedto the infants. There has been a misconception that the majority ofmen would not be interested though there should be an effective andreversible option for male reproductive control just as for thewomen.
Themajority of women living within post-industrial do have a choice topossess a child or not to reproduce. It is also upon an individual tohave broad meaning of family as it encompasses a kinship chaininvolving friends, and other individuals unconnected with raising achild from the tender age. There have been incidents where childlessadults have improved the lives of children regardless of theirparticipation in raising them. It is, therefore, true that thefemininity should belinkedwith motherhood as masculinity linked with fatherhood, and both has arole to place in initiating childcare. Indeed, the women’s roleshave been diversified and taking dual responsibility though primarilybeing responsible for childcare.
Behar,R. & Deborah G. (1995). WomenWriting Culture,University of California Press.
Johnsen,Linda. (1994). Daughtersof the Goddess: The Women Saints of India.YesInternational Publishers. 1(1)21-33.
SaaraKatainen, K. R., Keskivaara, P., & Keltikangas-Jarvinen, L.(1999). Maternal child-rearing attitudes, role satisfaction, andchildren`s temperament as antecedents of adolescent depressivetendencies: Follow-up study of 6- to 15 year-olds. Journalof Youth and Adolescence, 28(2),139-163. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/204644307?accountid=45049