US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICES 4
US Fishing and Wildlife Services
The Cross Border Alliance for Health Fishery is one of the projectsin the United States that promotes healthy fishing. This projectunites people from the lower side of the basin and the coastal areaof marine in order to develop strategies that can promote healthyfishing practices as well as protecting the surrounding environment(NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, 2011). The project coversapproximately 50,000 hectare of wetland which has been officiated bythe US government.
Some of the challenges faced by the fishery sector under thisproject include: the fishing methods used are inappropriate as netscapture all sizes of fish including the small ones which are supposedto be left to mature. There is also a problem of illegal fishingwhereby fisheries that are not licensed to fish attack the fisheryenvirons (Marsh and Danner, 2009).Overfishing is another key threat to fishery sector and this reducesthe overall population of fish and at times leading to disappearanceof certain species.
To improve fishery, there has been community meetings held todiscuss the appropriate methods to use for fishing as well as setstandards regarding fishing practices. Also, education programs onproper environmental conservation have been introduced to enlightenthe community. To add on, cultural activities have been stronglystressed on promote cooperation and understanding. There has been astress on resource management as well as planning and execution aimedto promote cooperation between the fisheries and the community atlarge. The project offers support and provides proper fishingfacilities that can add value and keep fish for long without goingbad (Marsh and Danner, 2009).
The surrounding community in Belize is likely to benefit for thefishery management as they can access fish easily. Through therestriction of fishing activities, some people will be deprivedaccess to protein when they can no longer illegally fish and cannotafford to purchase the fish in case of price increase (NOAA NationalMarine Fisheries Service, 2011). However, to maximize benefits andminimize cost, it is important that agroforestry practices be adheredto, to ensure continue interaction between the water body and thephysical environment. Also fuel stoves should be used to avoidcutting down of tress as fuel can be cheaply obtained from thedrilling plant found in this place. To sum up, compost latrinesshould be used for proper disposal of waste to ensure environmentalsafety.
Marsh, J. and S. Danner. 2009.Bluefin tuna, all regions: final report. SeafoodWatch, Monterey Bay Aquarium.1 – 110.
NOAA. National Marine Fisheries Service. Fishwatch – U.S. SeafoodFacts: Atlantic Bluefin Tuna.Fishwatch. Updated 26 May 2011.Cited 3 Dec 2011.http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_bluefin_tuna.htm