Tuberculosis

Name 4

Thearticle“Fighting TB with a drive-in filmandtest”waswrittenby Amy Maxmen andpublishedin theNew York Times on April 3, 2015. Maxmen focusedon theuseof drive-in filmscoupledwith thetestforTB as themosteffectivewaysof fightingthetuberculosisendemic. Maxmen statesthat,althoughTB is an ancientdisease,itis stillkillingapproximately4,100 peopledailyin theworld.Thisimpliesthatthecurrentmethodsbeingusedto fightTB are not effective.In addition,thearticleindicatesthatthecurrenttreatmentandtestproceduresare not accessibleto themajorityof thepeoplewhoare susceptibleto TB. Maxmen emphasizesthatTB is a curablediseaseas longas itisdetectedin its earlystagesof development.Theauthorstatesthattheuseof a GeneXpert’s testis currently themosteffectiveprocedurefordetectingTB since ithelpsthehealthcareprofessionalsin separatingthebacterial DNA within a fewhours.

Research

TBis an illnessordisease thatis causedby a bacterial infectionanditmainlyaffectsthelungs. Mycobacteriumtuberculosis,thepathogen that is responsiblefortheoccurrenceof TB, is spreadfrom theaffectedpersonto as a healthypersonvia tinydroplets of bodyfluidsthat are releasedinto theair,especiallywhena personsneezesorcoughs(Mayo Clinic 1).Symptomsof TB depend on thestageat which thediseasehas reached.In mostcases,thepatientsufferingfrom latentTB doesnot anysigns.However,lackof treatmentcreatesan opportunityforlatentTB to developinto activeTB. Itisestimatedthatapproximately2 billion peopleare sufferingfrom latentTB in theworld.Symptomsof activeTB includefatigue,coughingup blood,andunintentionalweightloss,andchestpain,fever,lossof appetite,sweats,andchills(Mayo Clinic 1).

Healthcareprofessionalsselectfrom awiderangeof tests(includingtheskintest,bloodtest,sputum, andimaging tests)whendiagnosing TB. Thetreatmentprocedureincludestheadministrationof antibioticsfora periodof about6-9 months,depending on thepossibilityof resistance,overall health,andtheageof thepatient(Mayo Clinic 1). However,researchindicatesthata shortertreatmentperiodof about4 months,which isachievedthrough thecombinationof medication,is effectivein reducingthechancesof latentTB progressingto activeTB (Mayo Clinic 1).Someof thecommonantibiotic drugsusedin thetreatmentof TB includeisoniazid, rifampin, pryzinamide,andethambutol (Gerberding 19). Geographically, TB is moreprevalentin South East Asia (4,800,000 patient),followedby Africa (2,700,000 patients),West Pacific (2,400,000 patients),Eastern Mediterranean (1,100,000 patients),Europe (510,000 patients),andtheAmericas (390,000 patients)(TB Acts Organization 1).

Comparingresearchwith thegeneralmedia

Theinformationpresentedin thegeneralmediaarticle“Fighting TB with a drive-in filmandtest”about thecause,TB progression,andthemagnitudeof TB prevalenceis consistentwith theinformationprovidedin theresearcharticles.Thetwo sourcesof informationindicatethatTB is a bacterial infection,which delayedtreatmentleadsto activeTB. However,informationabout theisolationof DT during TB diagnosisis onlypresentedin thegeneralmediasince theeffectiveness andaccuracyof thetestare stillunder research.Althoughthegeneralmedia emphaseson theusedrive-in films,medicationis theprimarymethodof dealingwith TB as shownin theresearch.

Workscited

Gerberding,L. Treatmentof tuberculosis.Washington, DC: Center for Disease Control, 2013. Print.

Maxmen,A. Fighting TB with a drive-in film and test. TheNew York Times.3 April. 2015. Web. 8 April 2015.

MayoClinic. Diseases and conditions: . MayoClinic.2014. Web. 8 April 2015.

TBActs Organization. TB statistics: Global, regional, high burden andMDR. TBActs Organization.2015. Web. 8 April 2015.