The Place of Women in the Modern World

ThePlace of Women in the Modern World

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Thesocialconstructionof behaviorin thesocietyhas leftwomenin a submissivestatewhich theyown.There is a feelingof helplessnessandthetendencyto embracethestatusquo of a chauvinistsociety.Anywomanwhotriesto comeup anddefytheoddsearns pointingfingersandsheis nolongerappearsfeminine.Due to increasedcivilization,womenhaveattainededucationalstandardsthat are equivalentto thatof their malecounterparts.However,there is abigdisparityin thebenefitsenjoyedfrom suchtoiling as fewerwomenthatmenholdpositionsof awein organizationsandthegovernment.Theluckyfewwhoheadinstitutionsare usuallyon thereceivingendof criticsfrom fellow womenandmen.Eventhewomenwhocould givesupportturnagainst them andtheyare usuallyon their own.However,sensitization of genderequityandfairnessis erasingthediscriminationgraduallybutthepaceis tooslowcomparedto thechangingeventsin theworld(Brettell &amp Sargent, 2013, p.57).

Literaturereview

Womenhavebeenvictimsof thedivisionof laborin thesociety.Thetaskscarriedout by womenare not necessarilyout of their biologicalmakeupbutdue to thesociallyacceptedcodesof conduct.Accordingto Crow &amp Gottell (2008) thecommunitydetermineshowwomenshould behave,andtheregulationssurroundingtheir outlinedconductonlyactsto alienatethem from themaledominatedworld.Thegenderrolesheapedupon them haveledto theengendering of violencethat happenswithout a lotof browsbeingraised.To worsen thematter,womenwhostandup to fightagainst theinjusticespassedon to thisgenderreceivepublicwoes,andtheyappeardefiantin theeyesof many.Theylosetheir perceivedfemininepositionandrole(Crow &amp Gottell, 2008, p. 196).

Inthefamilysetup, womenare alwaystheweakerpartywith limitedaccessto resources.Thekindof workthat engagespoorwomenin a householddoesnot callforremuneration.Forthisreason,peopledonot perceiveitas gainfulwork.Accordingto Ward andEdelstein (1996) thediverseculturalpracticesonlyactsto culminatetheproblemsthat womenface.Cross-culturally, there is a uniformityof genderbiaswith lessdevelopedcountrybeingmostsevere.Most women do not get eh rightful share of inheritance and most ofthe times they do not get any attention. Any property at the disposalof family members ends up under the names of females. In some cases,women only act as custodians of the property before it changes hands(Brettell &amp Sargent, 2013, p. 240).

Domesticviolenceandhealthposethegreatestburdento thewell-beingof womenin thesociety.In mostplacesaccessto healthis onlypossibleto peoplewhocontrolresources,andthislockswomenout. Due to thebiologicalmakeupandresponsibilitiesof givingbirth,womenrequirean unlimitedaccessto medicalfacilities(Ward &amp Edelstein, 1996, p.102).

Domesticchores burden women and the work they do mostly becomes snubbed andit is unpaid. They spend a lot of time preparing children to go toschool and whenever they become unwell. A good example presentsitself in Japan whereby women spend more than half an hour preparinga single obento for school-goers. The activity is culturally femaleand it hardly receives any societal appreciation because that isexactly what women should do (Brettell &amp Sargent, 2013, p. 255).

Methodof data collection

Thispaperrelies on theavailableliteratureon theplightof womenwrittenby authorsfrom differentculturalcontexts.Therationaleforusingtheapproachis becausegenderis a topicthat has receiveda lotof publicinterestwith manyauthorswritingabout it.Therefore,there is enoughliteratureto reviewthestatusof a womanin thesociety.Thearticleshaveplayedamajorrolein providinginputto answerthequestionsregardingwomenandworkandhowa capitalist societytransformswomento be their enemies.

Discussion

Acapitalist societyaimsat creatinga rigidsocialstratificationto distinguishone classfrom theother.Such a typicalsocietyupholdschauvinismat theexpenseof thewomen.In thiskindof society,thedesignof thesocialconstruct is in a waythat triggers thediscriminatedclassto questionandopposeits membersinsteadof joininghandsto fightthecommonenemy.In a capitalist society,thosewhohaveunlimitedaccessto resourcesthriveamidst others whoseeffortsbecomehinderedby theconditionalrulesin thesociety.Insteadof womenseeingmenas an enemyto their development,their conditionedbehaviorandwayof thinkingviewdefiantwomenas errantmembersof thesociety(Ward &amp Edelstein, 2009, p. 59).

Thesocialconstructionof behaviorandroleshas contouredto givewomenthestatusof the“othergender”that doesnot havedesirablecharacteristics.Thesebeliefsabout them haverootsin stereotypedmythologiesthat are centuriesold.In fact,veryfewpeopleprovidetruthinformationabout thenatureof womenfrom a realitypointof view.Biologytriesto definewhoa womanis, butits effortsbecomethwartedby thesocialdomainthat dictateshowtheyshould actin thecommunity.The socital expectation of a woman is to get a spouse and raise afamily. Failure to accept any male spouse is one of the strongestsources of ridicule. The repect earned by married women is more thanthe regard given to single females. Due to the many allegations andsidelines they deal with everyday, people perceive as being bittertowards the community’s way of life. However, this happens becausemost of the situations surrounding them require them to fight withthe stereotype that all women are better off when married (Brettell &ampSargent, 2013, p. 264).

Thediscriminatedgenderholdsafairlysimilarrolein thesocietyboth in thedevelopedandunderdevelopedcountries.However,in wellup countriesthegirlchildhas a betteraccessto education,andconsequently theygetengagementsin thepublicandprivateinstitutions.In theeconomically disenfranchised households,thewomanis thefamilylaborerwith nowagesin return.In the society, they are the invisible workers yet they perform someof the most vital roles in the family (Ward &amp Edelstein, 2009, p.281). Theconditionis commonin agriculturalist communitieswherethere is noremunerationformanuallaborin thefarms.Itwasnot until recentlywhenwagestandardizationfoundits wayin publicandprivateinstitutions.Womenregardedas richholdssomepositionof responsibilitybeyond thefamilysetup andtheyparticipatein gainfulemployment.However,theyencountera newsetof challengeslimitingtheir promotionchancesin favorof men.A transferof weaknessperceptionoriginatesfrom thecommunitysetup (Ward &amp Edelstein, 2009, p. 60).

Onthesamenote,womenmanagersdonot receivethesametreatmentas their malecounterparts.Agoodexampleis thecaseof Rina Bovrisse, an educatedandexperiencedhumanresourcemanagerwhoworkedforsomeof thelargestluxuryoutletsin theUnited States of America. Due to her exemplarycredentials, Prada Japan offeredher a positionto overseemorethan 40 shopsin Japan with morethan 500 workersbeingunder her care.In thecourseof duty,shewasforcedto demotesomefemaleworkersbecausetheyhadattained30 years,andthemanagementregardedthem as undesirable.

Themovepainedher, butshehadnootherwise.Womenwith bigframesreceivedthewrathof themalemanagersbecausetheywerenot attractiveto theeye.Bovrisse wasnoaverseto thisbecauseone day,shereceiveda messagefrom theChief Executive Officer, whothreatenedto sackher becauseof gainingweight.Shesuedthecompanyforboth her caseandotherfemaleemployeesfacedabusein one wayoranother(Matsutani, 2010). Ifthesamesituationwerein thehandsof a malemanager,theplightof thewomenwould havebeenignored.ThemaleCEO`s perceptionof a woman’spotentialliesin her physicalbeauty.Anything shortof thiswould leadto eithera demotion orlosingthejobaltogether.

Conclusion

Ina nutshell, thoroughwomenare morethan menin theworldtheyremainunder-represented in majordecision-making. Acapitalismapproachenforcesgenderinequalitybecausetheconcentrationinclinesto thefavorablepartyin termsof resourcesandcontrol.Althoughcivilizationis enlighteningwomen,thefeelingof inferiorityhas rootsin their minds,anditis difficultto eradicate.Agradualtransformationis emerging,andthere is thehopeforwomenachievingan equalsocialstatuswith menas timeprogresses.

References

Brettell,C. B. &amp Sargent, C. (2013). Genderin Cross-Cultural Perspective (6th ed.)New York City, NY: Pearson.

Crow,B. &amp Gottell, L. (2008). OpenBoundaries: A Canadian Women’s Studies Reader (3rd ed.) NewYork City, NY: Pearson.

Matsutani,M. (2010, 25thAugust). Prada countersues plaintiff claiming harassment. TheJapan Times.Retrieved fromhttp://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2010/08/25/national/prada-countersues-plaintiff-claiming-harassment/

Ward,M. &amp Edelstein, M. (2009). AWorld Full of Women (6th ed).New York City, NY: Pearson.