TheLegislative Branch of the Government
Lawsare very vital in each and every society. In most societies thelegislative branch of the government holds the responsibility ofmaking such laws. In the United States of America, Article 1 of theconstitution gives the congress the power to legislate, therefore thelegislative branch is represented by the congress, which is composedof the house of representatives and the senate (Little and Ogle,2006). The following are different topics that the legislative branchcan make legislation on under the constitution.
First,Article 1, section 7 of the constitution states that all revenuebills should emanate from the House of Representatives. However, thesenate might agree or make amendments to those bills (United Statessenate, n.d). These two bodies are responsible for debating, writing,and passing bills, and then later handing them over to the presidentof the United States for consent. If he agrees with any of the bill,he signs it and it becomes a law. If not, he returns it and if inboth houses two-thirds majority supports it, becomes a law. Also, thecongress might make amendments to the returned bill to win theapproval of the president (Little et al., 2006). In case thepresident does not respond to a bill after receiving if after tendays, with no doubts it becomes a law. The congress legislate twotypes of bills: the private and public bills.
Mattersthat relate to the operation, rules, and opinion of both the senateand the house are addressed as simple resolutions. Simple resolutionsthat emanate from the house chamber are referred to as Senseof the House of Representatives andthose originating from the senate chamber are called Senseof the Senateresolutions. Regard of a simple resolution is only taken by the bodythat introduced it. On acceptance, simple resolutions are thenverified by the senate’s secretary or the House Clerk and publishedin the Congressional record (little et al., 2006).
Accordingto Little et al., (2006), these resolutions deal with incidents thathave an impact on both the senate and the house operations. Onceconcurrent resolutions are approved by the congress, both thesenate’s secretary and the house’s clerk, they are handed over tothe United States’ Archivist who publishes them in Statutesat Large specialpart.
Ajoint resolution has a very small difference from a bill, and onedifference is that the former has an introductory part stating theeffect or purpose of a particular resolution. A joint resolution canamend the constitution. If two –thirds of both houses approve ajoint resolution, it becomes a law without necessarily getting anapproval from the president. After approval from both chambers, ajoint resolution to modify the constitution is forwarded to theUnited States Archives before it becomes part of the United States ofAmerica constitution. Other types of joint resolutions become laws insimilar way as bills (Little et al., 2006).
Amendmentof Existing Laws
Thecongress can make some changes to already existing laws. Forinstance, in Article 1, section 4 of the constitution, the congressis given the powers to amend regulations that govern the places,times, and the manner in which the representatives and senate’selections should be held (USS, n.d).
Thecongress, which forms the legislature, gets its powers from theconstitution. The congress is assigned to all legislative power inthe United States government. Therefore it is the only branch of thegovernment responsible for creating and amending existing laws.
Article1, Section 1 of the US constitution gives the congress the widestlatitude to make laws. It states that all legislative powers aregiven to the congress of the Unite States of America, which is madeup of House of Representatives and Senate (USS, n.d).
Little,T., & Ogle, D. (2006). The Legislative Branch of StateGovernment: People, Process, and Politics. Santa Barbara, Calif.:ABC-CLIO.
UnitedStates Senate (n.d). Constitutionof the United States. Retrievedfrom https://www.senate.gov/civics/constitution_item/constitution.htm