The Feasibility and Issues of Renewable Energy Installation in

FEASIBILITY AND ISSUES OF RENEWABLE ENERGY INSTALLATION 9

Developing Countries

As the globe realizes the effects of climate change, electricitywill have to be from renewable sources like solar and wind.Traditional power sources are a major cause of pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. These are fuel and gas, which have caused manydeveloping nations to reduce their development due to the need todecrease pollution. By using renewable energy goods and services,developing nations are in a better position to reduce pollution anddevelop faster. This involves using geothermal heat, wind, sunshine,waves and tides. Developing nations need to use ecosystem goods andservices EGS in creating and ensuring they start and continue thereplacement of traditional power sources with renewable energy.Because renewable energy devices are found within the ecosystemgoods, EGS backs the use of renewable energy. Although it is possiblefor developing nations to install renewable energy, there are someissues, which limit the installation. These are technologicallimitation, intricacy of establishing renewable energy and highcapital expenses. Additionally, many individuals progress to preferto employ traditional power sources that are more profitable.

Importance of Using Renewable Energy in Developing Nations

Developing nations use traditional energy sources to generateelectricity. The outcome has been massive pollution resulting inclimatic changes, which is a major issue facing the human population.As these nations continue to develop, the demand for electricity alsoincreases. It is not possible for the nations to exploit further theuse of traditional energy, as they have to stop the massivepollution. As a result, the possibility in using renewable energy ishigh for developing nations. Research depicts that the demand forelectricity is anticipated to triple in the southern part of Africa,as well as quadruple in the East African regions in the comingtwenty-five years (Sustainable Business News, 2014). Thismeans the developing nation’s present reliance on fossil fuels willnot be sustainable environmentally, as well as economically.

The high dependence on traditional energy is apparent in that“eighty percent of southern Africa’s energy comes from coal”(Sustainable Business News, 2014). To continue being used, itmust increase without the development of renewable as electricitydemand increases by four percent every year. East Africa depends onnatural gas to produce sixty percent of its electricity, and has anincreasing yearly demand of six percent. If developing nations are tocontinue using traditional energy sources, it can only mean moreclimate change because of air population and a scarcity ofelectricity. Ensuring that developing nations do not fall into energyshortage requires drastic changes in the strategy of renewable energydevelopment, to ensure renewable are completely used.

Nigeria is an illustration of a country that can use renewableenergy in meeting its rural demands for electricity. Nigeria is adeveloping country that has numerous and plenty natural resources,which are renewable and untapped (Shaaban &amp Petinrin, 2014). Theuntapped renewable energy resources provide Nigeria the capability ofmeeting the demands for power in all regions of the country. However,it is one of the many developing nations having low electricityconsumption levels. This derives from an inability to meet theelectricity demand causing unfair access especially in ruralsocieties. Various issues make it impossible for Nigeria to meetelectricity demands for all its civilians. The energy policy isineffective, inefficiency that overshadows energy allocation, and thealmost fossil fuels depletion (Shaaban &amp Petinrin, 2014). Thus,there is a high possibility that Nigeria will consider the need forexploiting its large natural renewable resources as a strategy inguaranteeing fair electricity distribution. It is also a move inavoiding pollution, which results in climate change.

The case of Nigeria is an illustration of energy issues, which manydeveloping nations are currently experiencing. It foreshadows therelevance and feasibility of ensuring the use of renewable energy inthe countries.

Possible Future of Renewable Energy

Traditional energy sources have produced electricity in developingnations for many years. However, despite depletion of theseresources, the nations face massive pollution and climatic changesbecause of carbon gas emissions to the environment during thegeneration of electricity from resources like fossil fuels. Thefuture of renewable energy is high deriving from many purposes. Thereis the need to stop pollution and use the abundant natural resourcesin providing fair distribution of electricity in both rural and urbansettings of developing countries.

The various advancements in technology make it feasible to installrenewable energy in developing nations. One such technology isSolarShare, which aims at tapping into renewable solar energy(Corporate Knights, 2014). There are many fundingpronouncements for solar projects, which encourage persons to investsocially into tapping into solar as a form of energy resource.SolarShare, refers to a non-profit cooperative, which is engagedin funding operations to generate money, which is then used in solarprojects (Corporate Knights, 2014). The cooperative is as wellinvolved in community bonds that act as a manner of investing. Thebonds create a platform for influencing investors to contributetowards ventures, which have an environmental influence (CorporateKnights, 2014). It is possible to conclude that such venturesinclude the possibility of assisting developing nations withresources and knowledge on how to install renewable energy.

The depletion of traditional resources means a shift from heavierinvestment in fossil fuels to the use of solar as well as wind power.Technology like the manufacture of affordable batteries for storingrenewable energy source power will go a long way in making renewableenergy installation possible (Chediak &amp Ohnsman, 2014). Thesuggested battery technology is likely to hasten alterations inelectric utility because more clients will begin to produce and storetheir power. A further effect is that more clients will work towardscutting the use of traditional electricity sources, as they adapt torenewable energy.

There have been large-scale as well as technologically developedenergy storage initiatives. These advent storage initiatives have thecapability of powering tens of thousands of individuals withelectricity (Levitan, 2014). The projects have been internationallypublicized in the previous year. There are different kinds of storagetechnologies. They involve the pumped-storage hydro where water isused as the renewable energy resource. The water is stored in a bigreservoir and let to flow back down as required generatingelectricity (Levitan, 2014). For the technology to work, developingnations have to create large dams to store the water. Batteries ofseveral designs, involving lithium-ion are fast being used forstoring power. In addition, large solar plants are capable offocusing the energy from the sun to massive heat exchangers that havespecial, liquid salts for retaining heat, which is later employed inelectric power generation (Levitan, 2014).

Such technologies make the future of using renewable energypossible. Provided there is technology on how to tap renewableenergy, it is possible to store and use the energy for electricitygeneration. Developing nations have resources like the sun inabundance and the practicability of installing technology to taprenewable energy is high.

Issues of Renewable Energy Installation

Renewable energy has many advantages. The technological developmentsmake it possible for developing nations to use renewable resources inplace of traditional ones. However, numerous issues will have tofirst be addressed prior to installing renewable energy in countriesthat are developing. It is important to note that traditional energyresources have been in use for numerous years thus, the nationsalready have the required technology for tapping from theseresources. Tapping from renewable energy implies having to use newtechnology, which is not fully developed. Considering that thenations are developing, they may not have access to such technologyrequired. Another barrier to using the needed technology is the highcosts linked to purchasing, trial and use of new technology.

The use of energy is not merely important for economic growth,rather acts as a major driver in greenhouse gas release. Developingnations are able to minimize the pollution and advance when economicadvancement is separated from energy-linked emissions (Jakob et al,2014). Though this is theoretically practical, the neededenergy-system transformation could inflict high costs on developingcountries. It is possible that the nations will bear the expensesassociated with installing renewable energy. However, not for solong, because the financial burden of guaranteeing that thetechnology progresses to operate is too high for countries that lackenough money to spare. Investing in renewable energy could result ina negative effect on financial inflows (Jakob et al, 2014).

Other issues likely to impede renewable energy implementation derivefrom mitigation and political causes. Mitigation measures are likelyto face a lot of resistance due to the unfavorable distributionaleffects, in addition to the political economy causes (Jakob et al,2014). In developing nations, the political economy is highlyinfluential in making decisions concerning such issues as energyinstallation. Provided they object, then the feasibility is low.Thus, radical re-orientation of developmental paths to encouragedeveloping nations to using energy, which results in low carbonrelease, may be unrealistic. If any progress is to be achieved theendeavors should be towards feasible mitigation endeavors, likesubsidizing fossil-fuel transformation, decentralization of modernenergy, in addition to switching of fuel within the power sector(Jakob et al, 2014).

Role of EGS in Renewable Energy Establishment

The installation of renewable energy may take long, but with theassistance of EGS, it will eventually become possible. Anillustration on using EGS derives from the duck chart. It is a chartthat depicts the net load “CAISO’s main thermal power plants”could require in supply after combination of hourly-anticipatedclient electricity needs when the offsetting output has been derivedfrom renewable variable in the period of a basic spring day (Smith &ampBell, 2013). Further analysis of the duck chart results in theconclusion that power markets are interrelated, as electricityregularly moves in an out of a specific area to surrounding ones. Thechart makes simple presumptions by just depicting the load as well asresources in the CAISO area (Smith &amp Bell, 2013). In actuality,California is linked to diverse areas having distinct traits inregards to the use of electricity by clients or in regards to thekinds of generation resources in the areas, like reduced solarconcentration. This has an important role in increasing worries ofpossible over-generation like the duck belly, because CAISO could beplaced in the periods to export power.

The chart informs on energy effectiveness as well as demandreaction. Using the illustration of California, the country has apast of demand side endeavors. They can alter the shape of dailydemand, shifting the use of power to diverse periods of the day. Forexample, mid-day solar power may be employed in heating water orpre-cooling houses through powering air conditioners using smartcontrols prior to clients returning to their houses after work (Smith&amp Bell, 2013). Once energy has been produced, it must be storedto ensure it meets the demand of customers. Storing renewable energyresources differs from traditional methods. EGS can be used inenhancing the storage of renewable energy. It is possible for storageto “be pumped hydro, compressed air, and large batteries orelectric vehicles” (Smith &amp Bell, 2013). The resources neededfor storing energy are expensive, but as installation advances costswill decline.

It is not easy to handle all the issues linked with renewable energyuse in developing nations. The installation is slow and requiresdealing with issues as they emerge (Weitemeyeret al, 2015). Using EGS, the probability of shifting fromtraditional resources to renewable energy is high. The installationis even harder in developing nations due to the high expensesassociated. However, provided the targets are in place, the help ofEGS is important in enhancing feasibility.

References

Corporate Knights. (2014). SolarShare Hits the big time.Retrieved from http://corporateknights.com/article/solarshare-hits-big-time

Jakob, M., Steckel, J. C., Klasen, S., Lay, J., Grunewald, N.,Martinez-Zarzoso, I., Renner, S &amp Edenhofer, O. (2014). Feasiblemitigation actions in developing countries. Nature ClimateChange, 4, 961-968.

Levitan, D. (2014). Energy storage innovations provide a boost forrenewables. GreenBiz. Retrieved fromhttp://www.greenbiz.com/article/innovations-energy-storage-provide- boost-renewables

Ohnsman, A. &amp Chediak, M. (2014). Musk Says Renewable EnergyShift to Give Utilities Strife. Bloomberg. Retrieved fromhttp://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-27/musk-says- renewable-energy-shift-to-give-utilities-strife.html

Shaaban, M., &amp Petinrin, J. O. (2014). Renewable energypotentials in Nigeria: Meeting rural energy needs.&nbspRenewable&amp Sustainable Energy Reviews,&nbsp2972-84. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.078

Smith, O. &amp Bell, M. (2013). Renewableenergy`s bird problem. Retrieved from http://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2013/11/01/renewables-bird-problem

Sustainable Business News. (2014). 19 countries join forces todevelop Africa Clean Energy Corridor. Retrieved fromhttp://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2014/01/20/19-countries-join- forces-develop-africa-clean-energy-corridor

Weitemeyer, S., Kleinhans, D.,Vogt, T., &amp Agert, C. (2015). Integration of Renewable Energy Sources in future power systems: The role of storage. RenewableEnergy,&nbsp75,14-20.