The Chinese Government Should Employ More Efforts to Fight Pollution in

POLLUTION IN CHINA 12

TheChinese Government Should Employ More Efforts to Fight Pollution inChina

Abstract

Chinais among the fastest growing economies in the world. Conversely, thecountry is faced with high prevalence of pollution. Pollution hasnumerous detrimental effects on the Chinese population, environmentand natural resources. Pollution leads to cardio-respiratorydiseases, cancers and intoxication among other health concerns. Heavyindustrialization in China has contributed to smog due to dependenceon coal. Coal usage has led to the decrease in life expectancy andcauses acid rain. Acid rain leads to crop damages amounting tolosses. Pollution of rivers and other water bodies has led to widescale death of fish. Therefore, pollution is likely to affect thefood supply compromising the country’s food security. Irrespectiveof the intensity of pollution in the country, the government seems tobe doing less. Moreover, the government is an impediment in the fightagainst pollution. A video that describes the effects of smog andpollution on the Chinese was uploaded. Instead of the governmentreacting by establishing where the problem is and enacting mitigationstrategies, the government banned the video. Regardless of the factthat the government policies have led to economic growth thegovernment needs to address the pollution crisis in China.

TheChinese Government Should Employ More Efforts to Fight Pollution inChina

China`seconomy is one of the fastest growing in the world. It is one of themost industrialized countries in the world. China holds fifth of theworld’s population. Irrespective of this, China has one of the mostpolluted cities in the world. In fact, 20 out of the most pollutedcities in the world are in China. Thus, the country accounts for atleast one-quarter of all the current carbon dioxide emissions.Pollution is in the air, the rivers and other water bodies and thesoils. Pollution has adverse effects not just on the presentpopulation but also on the future population too. The government hasplayed a significant role in contributing to the high pollution ratesin China. It is compromising the lives of people by not curbingpollution. Nevertheless, this situation can only be reversed if thegovernment employs relevant strategies. Therefore, the Chinesegovernment should lead in the fight against pollution.

Accordingto a report released by the World Health Organization, Beijing wasranked 14th most polluted city in the world in the year Zhang, Liuand Li (2014). The Chinese government is putting the entire countryin jeopardy, and it is ignorantly not taking the pollution crisis inChina seriously. Different strategies have been generated to improvethe health of the environment. One of such is coming up with a filmthat disseminated knowledge to the Chinese with respect to how theycan mitigate pollution and make the country safe for all.Subsequently, as explicated by The Sydney Morning Herald (2015), thefilm whose main aim was to educate Chinese on pollution was banned bythe China Administration. In the same context, the government isbeing very cruel and shows little interests in its citizens and thefuture of the nation. Therefore, the Chinese government is anobstacle to the fight for a safer, healthier and cleaner China.

TheChinese government is supposed to support all initiatives gearedtoward cleaning and preserving the environment. On the contrary, thegovernment is the biggest obstacle to the fight against pollution.For example, people can play a significant role in mitigatingpollution. Conversely, they need to be educated on what they shoulddo to prevent and mitigate pollution. A film was a better ideabecause people can see and also hear since it is audio-visual (TheSydney Morning Herald, 2015). If the government of China aims toimprove the environment, it should support the film and evenencourage many more initiatives like this one. Therefore, thegovernment needs a shift in the manner in which it views environmentrelated matters.

Additionally,Under the Dome, the name of a film that criticizes the government fornot acting upon the climate change. The documentary was piecedtogether by Chai Jing, a renowned journalist in China. The movie hascome out clearly illustrating China’s poor conditions and the lackof a government act on the disposal of waste materials and chemicals.On the first week, the video went viral with up to 200 million peopleviewing it (The Sydney Morning Herald, 2015). Due to its publicity,the Chinese government decided to ban it from key websites in China.It is is a clear indication that the government does not advocatetransparency (The Sydney Morning Herald, 2015).

TheChinese people have taken it upon themselves to understand pollutionand its effects on the population and the environment. Subsequently,to know the origin of air pollution, Chai made a close scientificexamination of the air particles under a scientist’s microscope(The Sydney Morning Herald, 2015). She was shocked to discover amixture of all sorts of things. The chemical reaction between thesemixtures was poisonous and spread rapidly. The Chinese Academy ofSciences explained the environment pollutants came from farming,chemical fertilizers, burning of organic industry materials, burningcoal, dust emission and oil (Zhang et al., 2014). These areactivities carried out by humans meaning we are making ourenvironment toxic. Consequently, 60 percent of the toxic air in Chinacomes from burning coal and oil. This burning of fossil fuels isaffecting China’s climate (The Sydney Morning Herald, 2015). Aselucidated by Zhang et al. (2014) the toxic smog from industries isvisible from miles covering the clouds and buildings, and still theChinese government is not taking any action in protecting itscitizens.

Chineseaquatic life is slowly going through extinction with the continuityof industrial wastes dumping. Industries and people dump thousands ofgallons of toxic industrial waste in the sea. Shocking photographs offloating dead fishes is more than enough to catch the governmentattention but still it seems normal to this administration. Thewaters are too polluted to sustain marine life as explicated by Zhanget al. (2014) and Wong (2013). Subsequently, waste from industriescontinues to wipe out aquatic life and rendering Chinese climateunhealthy. Furthermore, pollution causes acid rain which falls on athird of China’s territory. It leads to the destruction of 7billion materials. In addition to this, the acid rain causes damageto crops of worth Yuan 30 million yearly (Wong, 2013). Fish and cropsare food and food security is important for any country. China is apopulous country hence it needs a lot of food reserves to meet thefood requirements of the population. The country needs to do more tostop pollution or else it will lose most of the food resources andwill not be able to feed its people in the coming years.

Thenumber of patients suffering from intoxication is escalating eachyear (Wong, 2013). On annual basis, air pollution in China causesbetween 500,000 to 750,000 premature deaths (Zhang et al.2014).Moreover, air pollution causes 75 million asthmatic attacks onan annual basis. In addition to this, indoor air pollution generatedfrom burning stoves especially in the rural areas is the fourthlargest cause of death in the country. Contrarily, this isirrespective of the fact that most of the pollution in the countrycomes from industrial facilities and power plants (Zhang et al.,2014). Pollution is also leading to a decline in life expectancy inNorthern China (Wong, 2013). A country is supposed to care about thehealth and wellbeing of her people. Pollution is exposing millions oflives in China to health related conditions. Due to the reason thatChina has a fifth of the world’s population, the question ofpollution becomes a great concern.

TheChinese government invests in health. It invests in developingmedicines and treatment methods and equipment that can reduce themortality and morbidity rates in accordance with (Zhang et al.,2014). However, the government can win over the fight againstdiseases and reduce rates if it deals with the causes. Pollution hasbeen found to lead to disease especially those related to therespiration system. People also suffer from intoxication afterconsuming food, drinks and water that have been affected bycontamination (Wong, 2013). If the country deals with the problem ofpollution, the rate of such disease and the intoxication rates willbe minimized. Therefore, banning the video that exposes pollution inthe country does not solve the problem. Banning the video does notstop the effects of pollution like health risks and intoxication. Thebest ways the state can invalidate the video is by mitigatingpollution and improve the environmental conditions in the country.Consequently, this will deal with preventing health-related risks.

Inconcurrence with Zhang et al. (2014), Chinese government should learnfrom the past effects experienced in Germany and England. The usageof coal in vast quantities led to catastrophic pollution crisis inthese countries. The introduction of the oil age, burning oilresulted in grave pollution in Japan and America. The consequences ofindustrialization are severe. As many more countries becomeindustrialized, there is a constant increase in pollution (Wong,2013). The fast growth of China has led to the burning of fossils andlack of waste disposal measures by the government. In the past thirtyyears, economic reforms in China resulted in excellent economicgrowth (Zhang et al., 2014). Conversely, in accordance with Zhang etal. (2014), this fast growth has been a two-way street with animprovement in the health department and high life expectancy of theChinese population. Industrialization has led to intoxication of theChina’s air compromising its quality. Industrial waste and increasein energy use has resulted in China being one of the most pollutedenvironments in the world.

Itis good the country has sufficient economic policies in place. Thesystems have made China be one of the fastest growing economies inthe world. The policies have also led to the growth inindustrialization Zhang et al. (2014). Economic security is good forthe country and the wellbeing of its people. However, having a strongeconomy with no healthy people to support it will comprise the futureof the country. The pollution rates are high, and they are escalatingwith each passing day due to the establishment of more industries.Industrialization has lead to large scale death of fish (The SydneyMorning Herald, 2015). Accordingly, meaning that the lack ofcontrolling pollution will lead to more fish and other marine foodsdying, and more crops being damaged. Consequently, this compromisesfood security in the country. Hungry people cannot work hence cannotgrow and sustain the economy. Pollution is leading to intoxicationand poor healthy hence creating more such people. Unhealthy peoplecannot maintain and enhance the economy. Therefore, the governmentshould invest in the health, wellbeing and welfare of the people fora stronger economy. Apparently, mitigating pollution can only dothis.

Eventhough the government focuses on developing the nation`s economy,poor air quality due to pollution imposes a welfare cost of about 3-8percent of GDP in China in accordance with Wong (2013). The use ofcoal has contributed to the pollution rates. The country is trying toadopt the use of clean energy. Nevertheless, the use of clean energyaccounts for only 0.7-2 percent of energy produced in the country(Zhang et al., 2014). Pollution is a big concern in China and hasdrawn the attention of both the government and the public.Nonetheless, the government is not doing enough. Its measures cannotare not in line with the rate of growth of pollution. The governmentneeds to go back to the drawing board and establish the roots ofpollution. Subsequently, it should come up with mitigation strategiestargeting the sources.

Conclusion

Asestablished, pollution has adverse effects on China and itspopulation. The government is watching pollution expand in thecountry and soon, the effects will not be reversible. Consequently,because the government`s obligation is protecting its population, itshould be quick to respond to pollution. It should also support allinitiatives geared towards mitigating pollutions.

AnnotatedBibliography

TheSydney Morning Herald. (2015, Mar 8). Under the Dome: Watch the viralvideo documentary about pollution that is scaring the Chinesegovernment. TheSydney Morning Herald, Retreived from:

http://www.smh.com.au/digital-life/digital-life-news/under-the-dome-watch-the-viral-video-documentary-about-pollution-that-is-scaring-the-chinese-government-20150308-13yag6.html.

Thesource is an article from a periodical. It presents a videocomprising of a self-funded documentary which explicates the effectsof smog on the country. The narrator in the video elucidates theexperiments she carried out to establish the adverse effects of smog.The video criticizes the government for contributing to the level ofsmog in the country. The article is useful to the essay because ithas elaborated on the comprehension of the effects of smog.Additionally, this source has boosted the argument that the Chinesegovernment is not doing enough o curb pollution. In fact, it is acontributing factor. The essay has used this source in explaining howthe government banned this video leading to its removal from allmajor Chinese website. Accordingly, this boosts the argument that thegovernment has failed to mitigate pollution and it is alsofrustrating efforts toward the same.

Wong,E. (2013, Jul 8). Pollution Leads to Drop in Lifespan in NothernChina, Research Finds. TheNew York times, Retrieved from:http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/09/world/asia/pollution-leads-to-drop-in-life-span-in-northern-china-study-finds.html?_r=0#.

Theauthor explicates the effects of pollution on health and naturalresources like rivers. Moreover, the author discusses how the Chinesecoal policies contribute to pollution. The source elucidates thebiological and health effects of pollution. Subsequently, pollutionleads to a drop in life expectancy in China. Furthermore, it leads todeaths as a consequence of cardio-respiratory diseases and otherhealth related problems. Moreover, pollution leads to prematuredeaths in the country. The source is applicable to the essay becauseit has further explored the effects of pollution on the Chinesepopulation and environment. The article has been used to provideinformation about the effects of coal, the effects of pollution onlife expectancy and how pollution has affected those living innorthern China. The source has been useful in provision of relevantstatistics to support explications pertaining to the effects ofpollution

Zhang,D., Liu, J. &amp Li, B. (2014). Tackling Air Pullution in China-Whatdo We Learn from the Great Smog of 1950s in London. Sustainabllity,6(8), 5322-5338.

Withreference to this journal article, economic development has decreasedpoverty in China. On the contrary, this economic development has comewith escalation in the number of cars, burning coal energy andpolluting industries. China is facing the worst air pollution since1961. Air pollution has led to acid rains in the north and emissionof greenhouse gases. Pollution has also led to poor health markedwith disease and compromised the quality of air. Pollution has led tosmog and gray skies over cities. The author has also elucidated thesocial and economic impacts of smog and the causes of smog.Furthermore, the article has explored the different ways that can beused to tackle smog. The article has been used in the essay tofurther explore the effects of smog. The article has also been usedto support the argument that irrespective of the fact that China haseffective economic policies, the government should also come withplans to curb pollution to improve the health of individuals.

References

TheSydney Morning Herald. (2015, Mar 8). Under the Dome: Watch the viralvideo documentary about pollution that is scaring the Chinesegovernment. TheSydney Morning Herald, Retreived from:

http://www.smh.com.au/digital-life/digital-life-news/under-the-dome-watch-the-viral-video-documentary-about-pollution-that-is-scaring-the-chinese-government-20150308-13yag6.html.

Wong,E. (2013, Jul 8). Pollution Leads to Drop in Lifespan in NothernChina, Research Finds. TheNew York times, Retrieved from:http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/09/world/asia/pollution-leads-to-drop-in-life-span-in-northern-china-study-finds.html?_r=0#.

Zhang,D., Liu, J. &amp Li, B. (2014). Tackling Air Pullution in China-Whatdo We Learn from the Great Smog of 1950s in London. Sustainabllity,6(8), 5322-5338.