Teenage Pregnancy

TEENAGE PREGNANCY 5

Background and Purpose Statement

What is teenage pregnancy, what effect does it have on teenagers andhow can it be prevented? The research evaluates the issue of teenagepregnancy. It defines what teenage pregnancy is, in addition toproviding demographics on those that are affected. Further is ananalysis of the effect it has on academic progression for pregnantteenagers and measures, which work towards prevention of teenagepregnancy. The research seeks to determine how teenagers that getpregnant in their first and second college years face many negativeoutcomes. Most notable is the negative impact on their academicprogression.

Rationale

Research demonstrates that America is one of the industrializednations with the highest teenage pregnancy rates (Eshbaugh, 2008).Adolescents in their 15 to 19 age record a higher birthrate, whilemost as well fall under the bracket of single mothers (Eshbaugh,2008). There have been many studies on teenage pregnancy over theyears, which make it a major social challenge affecting the USteenage population. This means that teenagers need to continue beinginformed on the need to avoid getting pregnant in their teens. Theymust to be conscious of the challenges they risk facing as pregnantteenagers. These include either continuing with their studies ordiscontinuing. Those that choose to discontinue start a long journeyof failing to secure a stable future due to lack of education. On theother hand, those that continue with their studies have to deal withdiscrimination from peers and balance their schoolwork with the roleof becoming a young parent. Although teenagers are more enlightenedon pregnancy prevention approaches like contraceptives, most are notaware of how the contraceptives work. Even those that are aware, theyare either afraid to use them or careless. Teenagers need to beinformed on prevention methods like abstinence, and the negativeimpacts of early pregnancies on their lives (Khouzem, 2003).

Methodology

The research employs a qualitative study approach. This will bethrough a case study assessment strategy of college learners. Theparticipants will be first and second year college learners, agedbetween 15 and 19, and who during the time of study are pregnant. Theparticipants must be willing to carry their pregnancies to term,because the survey will analyze how they cope in school during andafter pregnancy. The case study strategy will also determine how manychoose to discontinue their studies and their reasons. In addition,the reasons for those that continue with their studies and theproblems they encounter. Qualitative research is applicable becauseit enhances understanding on teenagers, social and their culturalcontext, which may result in teenage pregnancy. It is also effectivebecause the participants are persons that are directly affected bythe topic of study.

Expected Findings and Implications

It is expected that after conducting the research, it will bepossible to determine:

  • The effect of teenage pregnancy on progressing with schooling

  • The challenges that pregnant teenagers face

  • The effective approaches to preventing teenage pregnancy

Many teenagers are unable to decide on what happens to theireducation once they get pregnant. Most opt to discontinue theireducation to avoid discrimination. Many are also unaware of thechallenging task of becoming a mother, and once pregnant cannot dealwith the pressure of studying and taking care of their child. It isanticipated that the study will encourage more school-based educationon preventing pregnancy immediately teenagers join college (Vincent,Clearie &amp Schluchter, 2001).

References

Eshbaugh, E. M. (2008). Teen mothers: marriage, cohabitation andeducational achievement. Journal of Family Social Work,11(1), 3-16.

Khouzem, H. R. (2003). Promotion of sexual abstinence: Reducingadolescent sexual activity and pregnancies. Southern MedicalJournal, 88, 709-711.

Vincent, M. L., Clearie, A. F &amp Schluchter, M. D. (2001).Reducing adolescent pregnancy through school and community-basededucation. Journal of the American Medical Association, 257,3382-3386.