Summary of a Modern War Event in the United States

SUMMARY OF A MODERN WAR EVENT IN THE U.S. 3

of a Modern War Event in the United States

of a Modern War Event in the United States

Themodern war event that took place in the United States is the AmericanCivil War. At this point, the existence of the United States as aunion was in jeopardy. The war depended on the ability of the UnitedStates through the federal government to confirm its commitment onthe ideals of liberty, human dignity, equality, and justice. Theinstitution of slavery was at the centre of the war with theindustrial north differing with the agricultural south whether or notthe institution could be abolished. The war was instrumental inestablishing the United States a single federal republic rather aloose union of independent states. The end of the American civil waralso marked the end of the institution of slavery that followed thethirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments of the United Statesconstitution.

Theelection of President Abraham Lincoln in 1860 reignited the debateabout the constitutional powers of the state and federal governments.When President Lincoln was being inaugurated to the White House, sixstates from the south had seceded and established another block ofstates called the Confederate States of America. They were followedby other five states to join the Confederate. The war that ensuedbetween the Confederate states in the South and the Union was a testof time for the federal government. The federal government was theconstitutional government because it was established through aconstitutionally recognized democratic process. The war officiallybegan on April 10, 1861, when the provisional confederate forcesbased in Fort Sumter in Charleston, North Carolina demanded that theFort surrenders. This was after they learned that the Union forceswere resupplying through the fort. The Commander of the Fort, MajorRobert Anderson rejected the demand. On April 12, the ConfederateArmy began to fire at Cannon and forced Major Anderson to surrenderon April 13 at 2.30 p.m. President Lincoln reacted by calling on75,000 volunteers to bring down the rebellion from Confederatestates, a decision that prompted North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia,and Arkansas to vote in favor of secession. Later, western parts ofVirginian broke away and established another state that would beloyal to the union: West Virginia.

Duringthat time, the United State did maintain a huge army, but aprofessional small army. The founders had contemplated the dangers ofa huge army including the rise of a Napoleonic dictatorship thatwould have used the huge army to overthrow a democratic government.Many graduates of the United States Military Academy gave up theircommissions to join the southerners against the union. PresidentLincoln had to rely on volunteers from union states and territoriesto fight the war. The confederate states also faced the samechallenges. The Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, faced greatchallenges in forming and equipping the southern army. Thesoutherners had not anticipated a long war. They also thought theNorthern states were too weak to subdue them.

Afterfour years of civil war, the union was sealed, four million slavesfreed, and the institution of Slavery abolished. The end of the warmarked the climax of a long period of social reform in the UnitedStates. The war was also a turning point in the American racialhistory. In summary, the Civil war stands out as a tale of greatsacrifices, heroism, a nation that was on the brink of collapse, andthe triumph of the constitution. As mentioned earlier, the 13th,14th,and 15thamendments of the constitution following the civil war offered aspeck of hope for the defeated south as they paved the way for theReconstruction period.