Research Paper


Inthe article, Textingand Literacy, VeronicaStafford examines the detriments of regular texting to readingbehaviors, schoolwork, and interpersonal relationships (Greene andLidinsky, 115). The researcher supports her claim using primary andsecondary materials. However, there is need to evaluate thecredibility and reliability of reference materials to ascertain theirappropriateness in a college-level research paper. While most of thereference materials are derived from internet sources, the authortries to identify the best in terms of authors’ credibility,organizational reputations, and authenticity of contents. InStafford’s research, some articles do not conform to college-levelstandards but most of them are appropriate and academically viable.

Thefirst article, IMing,Text Messaging, and Adolescent Social Networks,was published in 2006. Its authors are lecturers at the departmentof telecommunications, Indiana University. According to the researchfindings, socially interactive technologies had a slight overlap withoffline technologies and were likely to be selected by sociallyisolated adolescents. The findings represent a larger population andcannot be significantly different if conducted today. The article,which was reviewed in the journal of computer-mediated communication,uses credible researchers and offers results from an empirical study. Its location also enhances its credibility because the journal ofcomputer-mediated communication is an accredited journal that offersauthenticated results. This means that Stafford was justified toapply the findings from the article in her research.

LilyHuang, a PhD student in The University of Chicago, published thesecond article, TheDeath of English (LOL)in 2013. One of the attributes of the article is in currency. Thereare no significant changes expected from 2013, the date ofpublication. The author is also credited with vast experiences in thepublishing industry having worked for Newsweek in Lapham’squarterly. The article gives statistics on SMS use among cell phoneusers. All the statistical data are referenced from public domains.The article is used to offer a counterargument in order to preventbiased approach to the research. The source of the article is inPrezi, a popular scholar’s database that allows students to shareand access other studies conducted by peers. Its use as acounterargument makes it appropriate since it draws perceptions fromexperienced persons in the art of texting.

Inthe third article, TheImportance of Nonverbal Communication, publishedin the “EruptingMind” website, Stafford derives the importance ofnon-verbal clues that are lost during texting sessions. One of theproblems with this source is lack of an author. Its anonymity in thewebsite creates many questions regarding the credentials andqualification of the author. Additionally, although the article usespictographs to demonstrate some of its statements, as well asstatistics, the authenticity of the statements cannot be tested.However, she realizes the reference can affect the credibility ofresearch and only uses it once to reflect on parts of a message. Thesource website is, however, popular with critical and creativearticles. Additionally, it features detailed assessments and analysisof topics. The article is from a secondary source and creates manyacademic faults since it does not reference the source of its claims.This article does not conform to a college-level research paper.

Thefourth article, StayingAwake: Notes on the alleged decline of reading,addresses the alleged declining culture of reading. The notes,written by Ursula Guin, focus on a universal culture of reading anddo not concentrate on a single community or location. This makes thefindings universal and relevant in many diverse environments.Additionally, the social, cultural, and academic changes between2008, its year of publication and today, have not made anyextraordinary changes that can affect the articles’ findings. Thismeans that the information presented is relevant to current eventsand addresses the issues proposed by Stafford. The author, UrsulaGuin is an acclaimed novelist with over twenty novels, collection ofessays and children books. Her experience in publishing, research,and creative writing makes her qualified to address issues of textingand literacy. Her statements are credible and are founded onempirical studies by reputable organizations, for example, AssociatedPress.

Theother article used in the study is Communicationand Friendship, byDon McKay. The article, which was published in 2006, is featured inEzine Articles, a website that collects and shares free articles fromscholars, bloggers, and freelance writers. The date of publicationdoes not affect the authenticity of information collected. However,the credibility of the author and the hosting website evoke questionson quality of Stafford’s article. McKay is a freelance writer withseveral blogs and websites that offer free articles. Additionally,the contents of the article do not invoke academic or researchers’findings, but rather represent generalized views of the author. Thismeans that additional tests and evaluations are required to ascertainthe credibility and appropriateness of the contents in communicationstudies. Despite using quotes from other studies, the author does notprovide links to the external sources. This makes the articleinappropriate in a college-level research.

Inthe article, Mobilephones, Texting, and Literacy,published by the National Literacy Trust, Stafford collectsstatistical evidence on rates of texting among teens. The article waspublished in 2008 and hence addresses current issues. Additionally,the results from the organization provide a universal figure oftexting among youths. The data is meant to represent a globalperspective because of the increased popularity of mobile phones. Thepublishing company is a trust dedicated to enhancing literacy byestablishing a database and membership that assesses the credentialsof members. This ensures that all materials published under the trustname are assessed. The culture of the organization makes most of itspublications credible. Although there is no specific author, thequality and standards of the organization makes the source credibleand reliable. Additionally, the statistical figures from empiricalstudies enhance the authenticity of its findings.

Thesource, MemberComment: “The Death of English (LOL)”is not a publication, but rather a critic from one of the article’sreaders. Although the credentials of the critic are not known, such asource is meant to portray the article’s effect among its readers.In fact, the use of Muffie’s post in the research makes the papercritical and argumentative. However, such posts should not be usedanyhow unless the main aim is to criticize the parent research. Inthe context of the research paper, the post is only meant todemonstrate the readers’ perception on HUnag’s article.

Thearticle, ToRead or Not To Read: A Question of National Consequence,a government publication through the National Endowment for the Arts,focuses on the deteriorating culture of reading among children. Oneof the positive attributes is the amount of research and empiricalevidences presented by agencies and other government organs thatdemonstrate a fading culture of reading among children. Additionally,the results represented the national survey and exposed nationalreading trends among American children. The article is crediblebecause it is derived from national surveys and serves as asignificant source to back up Stafford’s claims. Additionally, theauthor represent the views of the government and the higheststandards have been applied to enhance the article’s authenticity.

Inthe article, InstantMessaging: Friend or Foe of Student Writing?by Amanda O`Connor, Stafford collects evidences on the effects ofinstant messaging practices to formal writing. The article, publishedin 2005, has a significantly relevance gap, but does not representdiverging views from those held in recent studies. Additionally, theauthor is a graduate student in educational technology, a disciplinesuited to Stafford’s research topic. The information presentedcomprises different literature materials collected from credibleresearchers. Additionally, the author makes elaborate attempts tocite information collected from outside sources. This makes thearticle a secondary resource but with rich and credible contents fromprevious studies. It is therefore appropriate for college-levelpapers.

Thearticle, TechnologyHas Tremendous Impact on How Teens Communicatepublished in 2007, focuses on the choices made by teenagers whendiscussing serious and secret issues. Its date of publication doesnot have any impact on the current findings and perceptions.Additionally, the publishing source is a popular website thatcompiles multiple articles from writers. The article serves as acounterargument as well as a supportive argument. It explains therate of texting, which serve as the foundation for the research. Itis appropriate for the study.

Thelast article by Ward, Textingis No Bar to Literacy, providescounterargument to Stafford’s research topic. It is meant toquestion the arguments provided for texting effects. The author andthe publishing company are credible and reliable. This makes thecontents reliable and appropriate in this study.


Greene,Stuart, and April Lidinsky. Frominquiry to academic writing: A text and reader.Boston, MA: Macmillan, 2011. Print.