Thispaper seeks to carry out a critical appraisal of a research conductedin the in the field of nursing. The study is an explorative studyinto the experience of new nursing graduates on labor and deliveryunits: a phenomenological approach (McNiesh, 2007). The paper willreview each and every part of the research in a detailed manner.Rationale of every part will be given accompanied by relevantexamples and or reference content from the study. The paper aims atcritiquing the research study on the experience of new nursinggraduates on labor and delivery units. In doing so, the research willreview in detail the research design employed. In summary, theresearch paper to be critiqued aims at developing a greatercomprehension of the experience of new nursing graduates on labor anddelivery units (Polit & Beck, 2004). Comprehensive critique willentail including protection of human participants data collectionmethods problem statement, data analysis, quantitative study, andimplications for practice and future research.
Protectionof Human Participants
Theresearch is carried properly within the boundaries of human ethicalrequirements. The participants to be involved are invited and theirconsent sought. In inviting them, the participants have clearly beentaken through the study topic and the research problems. Theparticipants have clear information on the study background. Further,the research is carried out on voluntary terms and this is clear tothe participants. The participants are assured of their anonymity inthe study (Polit & Beck, 2004). Further, with permission of theparticipants, they were to be audio-taped and the information theyprovide be transcribed. The participants are assured of getting thecopy of results of the information they provide. In designing thesurvey instruments, sensitive information are avoided.
Lookingat the problem, the area of concern or the condition to be improvedhas been clearly brought out. The research problem is specificenough, clearly defined and is able to yield helpful result that formlater literature search. The problem statement has clearly definedthe problem and the variables that are to be used in the study. Forexample, in our case, the study is designed to explore mentorshiprequirements of nurses working within advanced roles.
Thesection has clearly stated in detail how data is to be collected andthe timeline involved in data collection. For this study, the datacollection will be done from primary and secondary data (Sapsford &Jupp, 2006). The survey instruments that are to be used have beenmentioned and they include questionnaires, interview questions. Themanner in which the survey instruments will be distributed has beenstated with questionnaires being distributed through mails. However,from the study it is not clear whether the follow ups to the studyshall be made and the duration. This needs to be fixed. Whileacknowledging the weaknesses that might arise out of the use of thesurvey instruments, care has been taken to address such weaknesses(Sapsford & Jupp, 2006). For instance, issues that a nursingstaff feels sensitive and might not provide in an interview caneasily be fixed through the questionnaires where they remainanonymous.
Thepaper described in detail the manner in which data collected wastreated and analyzed. The hypotheses to be tested were clearly statedand they intertwined with the research questions advanced. The levelof data gathered is also stated with this study using nominal level.The software for analysis used in this case is the scientific packagefor social sciences (SPSS) (Sapsford & Jupp, 2006). Some of thedata collected were regressed and correlation of different variablesestablished.
Thestudy is expected to adopt in future given that the strengths andweaknesses of the study were given. Some of weaknesses of the studyare that some participants were uneasy when giving their informationas they knew that the information would be provided to the board(Sapsford & Jupp, 2006). At some points, the participants werepersonal with some points thus there was some lack of focus. Theother problem was the sample size. Although the sample size was meantfor the study, to some extent it is not a true representation of thementorship requirements of nurses working within advanced roles.Additionally, when doing the study the sample used was purposivegiven the close proximity of the participants. Owing to this, all theparticipants in the study were from mid-western, metropolitan cityand urban hence it might not be possible to transfer the results toother parts of the country (McNiesh, 2007).
Implicationsfor Practice and Future Research
Theresults of the study have numerous implications for the nursingeducation. From the research it was found that new graduates reportedtheir undergraduate labor and delivery experiences which were easilyobserved. The participants took note that they had little or limitedinteraction with patients and nurses. Arising from this, it makes itdifficult for students to properly comprehend the intrapartum nursingrole (McNiesh, 2007).
Thestudy has an impact on hospital orientation. From the study it isestablished that there is a lot of significance in offering ofobstetrical administration and preceptors in order to comprehend theexperience of new graduates. Thus a lot of effort should be put inplace in enlightening both populations on the challenges that arisein the transition period from student to being a professional nurse.
Thisresearch did not explore the characteristics of the novice nurseshence future research should explore this and add to the transitiontheory (Polit & Beck, 2004). This will give a whole new dimensionto the research with new results likely to be found.
Thepaper has critiqued various parts of this research. The critique hasincorporated protection of human participants data collectionmethods problem statement, data analysis, quantitative study, andimplications for practice and future research. From the critique, itis clear that most of the dissertation writing guidelines wereadhered to with just a few grey areas.
McNiesh,S. (2007). Demonstrating holistic clinical judgment: Preceptorsperceptions of new graduates nurses. Holistic Nursing Practice,21(2), 72-78.
Polit,D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2004). Nursing research: Principles andmethods. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Sapsford,R., & Jupp, V. (Eds.). (2006). Data collection and analysis.Sage.