Reading Research Literature Article 1


Reading Research Literature

Article 1

The purpose is to expound on the decision making process ofcaregivers of sick persons with heart failures (HF). As a groundedtheory research, it assesses how relatives as caregivers makedecisions.

How caregivers of family members having heart failures makedecisions?

The design is qualitative in addition to using grounded theorytechnique to evaluate decision-making. The study design involves theselection of 20 subjects from cardiology offices, adult day care andinpatient hospitals and the research carried out in a period of 12months from 2008-2009 (Sanford et al, 2011).

The research is qualitative as it is uses grounded theory. Anotherreason derives from using unstructured open-ended interviews withsamples. Last is thematic coding of gathered information.

It is peer-reviewed as it focuses on academic research whilearticles referred to are completed and reviewed by professionals(Sanford et al, 2011).

There is no proof of conflict in the article. The authors’objective for conducting the study is to gain more insight on thetopic. Since research is academic, the authors do no gainfinancially.

The population is caregivers to persons with heart failures.

The sample involves 20 caregivers selected through stratifiedsampling. The pro is that the method enhances the accuracy ofestimation con is that it mandates selection of relatedstratification variables that can be impossible.

The subjects were not vulnerable. The research was mainly conductedusing interviews, which makes it possible to ensure that theresponses provided by every subject are not exposed.

There are no HIPAA concerns. Professionals are involved in theresearch and they adhere to all HIPAA stipulations.

Article 2

The purpose involves examining if telemonitoring done by a practicenurse in an advanced level, minimized following readmissions inhospital, expenses, visits to the emergency department and the perilof hospital readmission for sick persons with heart failure.

The research question: to what extreme is heart failure the majorcause of re-hospitalization among older adults.

The study design is quantitative. It involves the randomizing of ahundred two sick person/caregiver dyads to two groups. However,eighty-four of the dyads finished the research. Incidences of visitsto emergency departments, readmissions to the hospital, expenses andreadmission days were obtained from medical information (Schwarzet al, 2008).

The design is quantitative because a large figure of respondents isengaged in the study. In addition is the fact that the study isobjective and aims at establishing relationships or causation. Inthis, case the effect of telemonitoring by an advanced nurse.

The evidence demonstrating that the article is peer reviewed derivesfrom the use of sources, by experts in the field of cardiovascularnursing. Another reason derives from the focus of the article onacademic study.

No conflict is apparent as the study is clear on its focus. Theauthors do not gain financially because their objective is tocontribute in the area of cardiovascular nursing. The contributionderives from the purpose of examining the effectiveness oftelemonitoring of persons with heart failure.

The population for the research includes patients with heartfailure, and whose medical records are accessible, as well as theircaregivers.

Samples are chosen via random sampling. It is evident as the studypopulation is randomized to two groups (Schwarzet al, 2008). The advantage with random sampling is allpersons within a specified population have a fair opportunity ofselection as a sample group. The disadvantage is the technique istime consuming.

The subjects are not vulnerable and neither are their perils.

The possible HIPAA concern is the use of patients’ medical recordsin the research.


Sanford, J., Townsend-Rocchicciolli, J., Horigan, A., &ampHall, P.(2011). A process of decision making by caregivers of family memberswith heart failure.Research &amp Theory for Nursing Practice,25(1), 55–70.

Schwarz, K., Mion, P., Hudock, D.,&amp Litman, G. (2008). Telemonitoring of heart failure patientsand their caregivers: A pilot randomized controlled study. Progressin Cardiovascular Nursing,23(1), 18-26.