1.Is nursing a science or an art, or both? Explain your answer.
Nursingis both an art and a science. Science can be understood as anintellectual system for using individual’s mental and physicalresources to better comprehend, expound, quantitate, and predictusual and unusual natural phenomena. In nursing, nurses learn a lotof scientific stuff including microbiology, physiology, humananatomy, medical terminologies and others. This knowledge is criticalin executing nursing duties. On the other hand, nursing is an art. Itis a learnt and mastered art explained by the skill of anticipatingother people’s needs to promote health and wellness (Jasmine,2002). Nursing professional is a collective actions centered oncaring. The art of caring is determined by human experience, values,biases, morals and general perception. Nursing is therefore an artand a science.
2.In your own words, define the following terms.
Ontology:ontology is the theoretical study of the nature of being.
Epistemology:this refers to a theory of knowledge particularly with regard to itsscope, methods and validity. It is the investigation of whatseparates justified belief from opinion.
Empiricism:this is the theory which argues that, knowledge comes from sense ofexperience.
Logicalpositivism: this is a theory in logic and epistemology whichdeveloped from positivism and which advocated for a systematicminimization of all human knowledge to logical and scientificevidence (McEwen& Wills, 2007).
Post-positivism:this is a metatheoretical view that critiques and correctspositivism. Whereas positivism believe that both the scholar and thesubject of study are independent of each other, post-positivismacknowledge that theories, knowledge, background and values of theresearcher can affect what is observed.
Receivedview: It means any world view held to be true by a person without anycriticism by the receiver until the time he or she establishesanother opposing viewpoint.
Perceivedview: this is a world view held regarding a particular phenomena suchas positivism viewpoint, post positivism among other views areperceived views (McEwen& Wills, 2007).
Paradigm:a typical pattern or example of something.
3.The metaparadigm of nursing generally is defined by the following 4concepts: person, environment, health, and nursing. Do you agree withthis global representation of nursing? Why or Why not? Would you addany other components or sub-components?
Thefour concepts defining the metaparadigm of nursing are sufficient.The individual, the environment, health and nursing are terms thatare very coherent and they are the pillars in which nursing andnursing practice are founded (McEwen& Wills, 2007).They explain and encompass every aspect or dimension of nursing. Fornursing, the individual is the center of everything, while theenvironment is critical in influencing health and therefore nursingpractice (Lee& Fawcett, 2013).
4.Up until now, has nursing theory or philosophy been important to ownpractice as a nurse? Why or why not?
Thenursing philosophy has been an important pillar and a guide in myprofessional. The philosophy makes nursing a focused and organizedprofession. As a nurse, I feel that nursing is a noble profession itis the right thing to do. It assures me again and again that serviceto humanity is service to God. Ultimately, the nursing philosophyacts as a guide to professional nurses on their work.
Conclusively,nursing is both an art and a science. It is based on four concepts ofindividual, health, environment and nursing. These concepts have beenimportant in my profession career and have shaped my attitude towardsnursing.
Jasmine,T. (2002). Art, Science, or Both? Keeping the Care in Nursing.NursingClinics of North America,44(4) 415-421.
Lee,R. C., & Fawcett, J. (2013). The influence of the metaparadigm ofnursing on professional identity development among RN-BSN students.Nursingscience quarterly,26(1),96-98.
McEwen,M., & Wills, E. M. (2007). Theoreticalbasis for nursing(Vol. 43). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.