1.A) Communicate and collaborate with interdisciplinary teams todeliver high-quality patient-centred care.
TheCare that is truly patient-centred considers patients’ culturaltraditions, their personal preferences and values, their familysituations, and their lifestyles. It makes patients and their closefriends an essential part of the care team who cooperate withhealthcare specialists in making clinical results. Patient-centredcare guarantees that shifts between providers, departments, andhealthcare settings are respectful, coordinated, and efficient.
Firstand foremost, collaborative care teams should foster and supportpatients, and their families, as active participants in theirhealthcare decision- making. New replicas should have the potentialto authorize patients to enhance their part in prevention andself-care. Medical care conveyed by physicians and healthcaredelivered by others must be aligned with the morals and desires ofpatients. Addressing the healthcare requirements of the patients in amost comprehensive, effective and efficient way must be the drivingforce for collaborative care.
Patientsand their families must be provided with access to information andopportunities to ask questions regarding the collaborative care team.They must also be included in discussions regarding their role as ateam member – both in terms of creating informed decisions abouttheir care and the important role they plan in improving theirpersonal conditions.
1.B) Delegate nursing care while retaining accountability.
Delegationis the transfer of responsibility for the performance of a task fromone individual to another while retaining accountability for theoutcome. For example, there is a greater need for delegation ofnursing work in school setting today. This is due to a shortage ofqualified nursing staff in schools,unfundedinstructions and health screenings that jerk the licenced nurse awayfrom direct healthcare.
Asschool nurses, it is essential to have suitable education associatedwith delegation. It has to comprise of an understanding of practiceacts of state nurse, regulations and formal opinions on what nursingtasks can either be delegated or not to unlicensedassistive personnel. For instance, school nurses view delegation in aprogressivemannersince it gives them time for health teaching and direct studentcontact in the classroom.
2.A) Assess predictive factors that influence the health of patients.
Theenvironment surrounding an individual determines the health of theindividual. For example, if the person is prone to areas with nolatrines, he or she will be at risk of waterborne diseases such ascholera and dysentery. Malnutrition also influences the health of anindividual because many nutrients are vital for growth anddevelopment. Older persons may develop malnutrition because illness,aging, and other factors can lead to poor appetite.
Thetype of food taken by the individuals is a factor that determines thehealth standards of individuals. Health eating and foods help toboost the immunity of the individuals as the body cells and tissueswill develop fully and help to reduce the risk of developinginfections. Also, the sanitation and hygiene practises are also acontributing factor of health among the individuals. The properdisposal of wastes is important as it helps to reduce thetransmission of vector-borne diseases which cause a lot of morbidityand mortality among many people within a given set-up or population(Basavanthappa, 2008).
2.B) Describe the effects of health policies on a diverse population.
Healthpolicyrefers to decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken toachieve specific healthcare goals within a society. Health policiesimpact positively on diverse population in several ways:
Thepharmaceutical policy intends to ensure that the National HealthService can purchase drugs at reasonable prices. In this case, thedrug manufacturers must submit a proposed price to the appropriateregulatory agency. This makes the drugs available to the populationat affordable price thus improving health systems.
Vaccinationpolicy aims to provide the community as a whole with herd immunity.This protects those people who are incapable of getting the vaccinedue to health reasons, such as allergies and age. Breastfeedingduring early prenatal care can affect a woman`s likelihood tobreastfeed her child. During regular check-ups, midwives, physiciansor other healthcare workers start discussions about the benefits ofbreastfeeding, which helps women to breastfeed their children forlonger periods.
3.A) Use appropriate technologies to support patient- centred care andmitigate the error.
Qualityeducation for nursesprovidesthem with competencies necessary to continually improve the safetyand quality of the healthcare schemes in which they work. Adoption ofhealth information systems identifies the current state of knowledgeabout health information systems adoption in primary care( Stephen p.2014). It also enables the workers to understand factors andinfluencers affecting implementation outcomes from previous healthinformation systems applications experiences.
Theeffectiveness of strategies for educating, informing and involvingpatients encourages them to play an active role in their healthcare.This improves efficiency, quality and health outcomes. Defining andassessing professional competencebuildson a foundation of basic clinical skills, scientific knowledge, andmoral development. It includes a cognitive function, acquiring andusing knowledge to solve real-life problems. It also includes anintegrative function, using psychosocial and biomedical data inclinical reasoning. Moreover, a relational functions, communicatingeffectively with patients and colleagues, and a useful function, thewillingness, patience, and emotional alertness to use these skillscautiously and compassionately (E. Diem, 2005).
3.B) Assist patients to interpret the meaning of health information.
Healthinformation provides the outline to describe the inclusive managementof health data across computerized systems and its secure exchangebetween providers, consumers, government and quality insurers, andentities. Itimprovesthe overall quality, safety and efficiency of the healthcare deliverysystem.
Consistentutilization of health information increases healthcare productivityby preventing medical mistakes and increase healthcare exactness. Italso reduces healthcare expenses, increase administrativecompetencies and healthcare work processes, and outspread real-timecommunications of health informatics among healthcare specialists.
Basavanthappa,2008. CommunityHealth Nursing.Jaypee Brothers Publishers
E.Diem, Aywn Moyer. 2005. CommunityHealth Nursing Projects: Making a Difference.Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Publishers
StephenPaul Holzemer, Marilyn B. Klainberg, 2014. CommunityHealth Nursing: AnAlliancefor Health.Jones and Barlett Publishers