HUMAN ORGAN SELLING 7
Human beings are created in a diverse and unique way. They have manydifferent body organs but each has a different role which isconsidered very essential. Lack of or failure of a specific organ isoften seed as a matter of life and death. Some organs like the kidneycan be transplanted while others like the heart cannot and onceinterfered with it marks the end on one’s existence. It has cometo a reality that due to increasing health issues, need for humanorgans have increased over decades and a problem arises whether ornot there should be a legalized sell of such organs (Taylor, 2013).
We cannot easily tell with certainty whether it is wise to sellhuman organ or no. Suppose one had donated an organ like a kidneyearlier, and then the other fails to work, what is the likelyconsequence and outcome? When it comes to matter of life and death onselling of an organ, debate on both sides of an issue is consideredimportant (Satz, 2010). Yes, there is increase demand of organs andby allowing selling there will be more of them for those who need.What about the safety of those who donate? Will they be in a positionto acquire another when their time of need arrives?
It is a reality that our financial capabilities are not the same.Our income level varies widely as well as living standards. From thisperspective, a problem arises whether selling of human organ is fair.Due to the increasing poverty level, the poor may choose to selltheir organs in order to get the high prices quoted. This means thatthere will be increase in the number of organs available for thosewho need and who can afford buying. Yet, another issue sets in whatabout the needy poor? They will obviously not be in a position topurchase the expensive organ thus setting their life at a risk(Hemphill, 2007). In such a situation, it is as if the life of thosewealthy people is considered much important than of the poor. Herethey are given greater consideration less favoring the weak which isnot fair at all. Perhaps, the less fortunate may get the donatedorgans but in a situation where there is legalized selling of organs,we expect that very few people will be willing to donate. This meansthat donated organs will be scarce and the only option will be to buynew organs.
Selling an organ may appear as a good idea to many and a simple wayto earn money. But consider who is to receive the organ on thecontrary. People are of different genes and the organ to betransplanted should be compatible with the patient. Another problemnow sets in. Shall we get a patient whose organ is compatible withthat of the person selling? What if you sell and later never get aperson who can donate the same to you? On issue of compatibility,heavy emphasis is to be laid because once an incompatible organ istransmitted, death is seen to play a big part yet the main focus isto save life (Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 2013). Again, in theevent that the organ purchased will not get the right patient, itwill stay on the shelves with no use. Then, why should someone loosean important organ which will benefit no one when the money hereceived will ultimately get finished with time if not properlyinvested while putting life at risk? This is kind of welcoming anearly death to oneself.
God is the creator of human beings. He had purpose of putting allthe organs in the body. Each is important in the normal function ofthe body and there should be no any form of interference with any. Heis the only one who decides which one is to work and which one not towork. Scholars and scientist have now interfered with this creationby introducing the system of exchange of organs. A matter of concernagain arises. Is it morally good to Gods eye to sell an organ thatwas given freely? Is God pleased with this act? When we take out someof the organs from our body, we are diminishing Gods creation (Fabre,2012). It appears as if God did not know what He was doing when hecreated that organ and thus we take it out because we consider it tobe of less value. This is from the biblical perspective which is seenas greed for money and wealth and is a sin. On the contrary, the samebible says that we should give freely as we were given freely.Dilemma now is whether or not strong Christian believers should orshould not sell or donate organs.
Consider selling an organ from your body what it really means. Is itmorally right? Many people will have different views from thisperspective. Organs are scarce resources which are not easilyavailable and once you run out of them, there is likelihood ofdanger. Selling an organ is like valuing more wealth than one’slife (Taylor, 2013). This is like putting a price tag to one’sexistence whereby the price is likely to accelerate or decelerate anytime. In the event of acceleration, you will become a wealthy andprominent person but on the other side of deceleration, you will befacing death sentence. It is therefore important to choose which sideis best for you.
Organ marketing has today become a business concern. The trade earnsa lot and many people are now auctioning organs. This has resulted tothe exploitation of people from poor countries when they seek medicalattention to wealthy countries. They are convinced on the benefitsand value of the organ in price terms and because of their weakstate, they have no option other than to accept (Nuffield Council onBioethics, 2013). The wealthy nation then sells the same organexpensively to wealth needy people taking this as an advantage forcommercial gains. This is an exploitation of highest capacitypracticed by prominent folks which is not morally right.
People will always argue that they are the managers of their ownbodies and that they are selling their organs at their own expense.Do they really measure the values of that organ or are simply drivenby greed? It is easy to survive with one organ like a kidney inhealthy situation but also remember that health hazards are commonand the body is prone to diseases. Suppose you already sold an organthen get attacked by a virus and that organ which you removed couldhave saved this situation, you will only start regretting why youever did it. Someone one else was save through you selling yourorgan, yes, you enjoyed the privilege, but now it is your turn. Whois going to come to your rescue? Always consider the laterconsequences before initiating a risky task to avoid regrets and liferisking (Hemphill, 2007).
It is easy to sell and donate substances that the body can easilyrestore after a while like the blood. Save life where possiblethrough blood donation but do not risk with an organ. Organ is notlike any other thing on earth that one can get in a days’ time(Satz, 2010). The process of organ transplant is long and there isalways a very big list and queue for those waiting to be served. Itmay take months before you are served and despite your wealthystatus, in such a serious event you cannot be saved. Again thesetransplants are rear in most countries and one has to book earlyappointments in hospitals in those countries that performtransplanting which are quite expensive and costly and most peoplecannot afford not unless they are funded by well wishers.
To conclude, organ donations programs should be implemented ratherthan advocating and legalizing selling as this has been seen toincrease health risks shortening people’s lives and also hasincreased exploitation of the weak citizens. Well wishers and fundagencies should give incentives so that people can voluntarily donateorgans in order to rescue the life of the poor who cannot affordpurchasing the organ. Selling ones organ is beneficial in financialterms but it will never be an answer for your future problems (HealthCouncils of Victoria, 2012). It is advisable that insurance ratesupon ones death are reduced and life insurance policies beestablished to attract more people to donate organs. Also people canbe given rewards in health terms for encouragement. The queue in thewaiting bay for people who need organs continue to increase and thusthe government and insurance agencies need to take an immediate stepto increase chances of organ donation other than sit back and watchpeople suffering. Legalizing selling of organs will never solve thehealth problems though it is seen to be beneficial to some people.
Fabre, C., 2012, Whose Body is it Anyway? Justice and theIntegrity of the Person, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Satz, D., 2010, why Some Things Should not be for Sale: TheMoral Limits of Markets, Oxford University Press.
Hemphill, Joan E. (2007). "China`s Practice of ProcuringOrgans From Executed Prisoners: Human Rights Groups Must NarrowlyTailor Their Criticism and Endorse the Chinese Constitution to EndAbuses". Pacific Rim Law & Policy JournalAssociation 16 (2): 431– 457
Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 2013, The Ethics of ResearchRelated to Healthcare in Developing Countries, URL =<http://www.nuffieldbioethics.org/research-developing- countries>.
Taylor, J., 2013, Stakes and Kidneys: why markets in humanbody parts are morally imperative, Aldershot: Ashgate
Health Councils of Victoria , Organ Transplants, pp. 1-28.