Needs Assessment



Needsassessment can be explained as the systematic process used to addressthe needs. It is the gaps between what is current and what isdesired. The logic of needs can be summarized by the equation below:

DesiredStatus – Actual Status = Needs

Thedifference between the desired and the actual status is called thediscrepancy. That is the reason that needs assessment is sometimescalled discrepancy analysis. The discrepancy shows what is missing toachieve the desired state. This explains why the concept of needsanalysis can be used in the performance analysis.

Theneeds analysis logic has three components. The first component isestablishing a standard or goal referred to as the desired status.The second component is the determination of the status or theexisting level of performance on the standard goal established incomponent one. The third component is the establishment of the gapbetween desired and the actual status that describes the need[ CITATION Deb05 l 1033 ].Thegap is referred to as the discrepancy.

Thegap is what needs to be achieved from the actual status to achievethe desired status. It is the solution to the logic equation andshows the difference between the actual and desired.

Theneeds assessment is a critical component of the total design process.The needs assessment identifies the unnecessary institution that hastremendous costs and encourage detrimental attitudes in students thatparticipate in pointless learning activities and management payingfor training that does not solve the discrepancies. Therefore, thisrequires the front-end analysis, performance analysis, and otheractivities necessary to identify needs very accurately through aneeds assessment. In a total design process, needs assessmentrequires that only what is required is identified and instituted[ CITATION Deb05 l 1033 ].


Tobey, D. D. (2005). Needs Assessment Basics: A Complete, How-to Guide to Help You: Design Effective, On-target Training Solutions, Get Support, Ensure Bottom-line Impact. New York: American Society for Training and Development.