National Policies and Climate Change

NationalPolicies and Climate Change


NationalPolicies and Climate Change

Pollutionand climate change due to human advancement to global warming is seenas a global or international problem. The pollutions especiallyatmospheric, are viewed as a global problem because regardless ofwhere they are released the level off in the atmosphere and affectingthe whole globe (World Bank, 2010). In this international negotiationhave been held to come up with international agreements that willprotect the environment. However, this agreements can only bequalified at a national or regional level. Therefore, although theclimate change agreement has been obtained through internationalapproaches. The policies they come up with have to be implemented ona national or regional level (Philander, 2008).

Inregards to the greenhouse pollution, the UN has pushed policies thatwould lead to mitigating their emission. One of these policies wasthe Kyoto Protocol that was aimed at reducing the member countriesemission by about 5.2 percent in the periods of 2008-2015 (Ingram &ampHong, 2011). Although some countries like the US refused to ratifythe protocol putting it in jeopardy. However, individual countrieslike Australia have put upon themselves to reduce the greenhouseemission gasses (Becken &amp Hay, 2007). The Australians have alsogone a step forward in inviting other countries to post their 2020target on emission of greenhouse (Wilson &amp Piper, 2010). Thismove helps countries to develop their policy on greenhouse emissionthat will assist them to reduce its levels in the atmosphere. Inthis, it is positive that the nation policies of countries initiatedby the countries themselves will proceed where the nationalagreements seemed to have problems in. The reduction of thisgreenhouse gasses in the atmosphere will lead to decreasing thelevels of global warming. In addition, it will prevent or help tomitigate the phenomenon of acid rain (Dankelman, 2010).

TheCanadians too have implemented strategies and policies to help themmitigate the problem. In this, the Government of Canada is focused onreducing the levels of greenhouse gasses produced while keeping itseconomy strong. It has achieved success since 2005-2012 by reducingits emissions by 5.1 percent (Rao, 2011). Measures like regulatingthe emissions from vehicles have been put in place to reduce theemissions. Transportation in Canada had a 25 percent emission ratethus the government put more stringent measures to reduce thislevels. Electricity production in Canada has been termed as one ofthe cleanest. The Canadians have focused on building a cleanerelectric grid. They have also invested a lot in renewable energies.The gasoline and the fuel contents they use have passed the 2 percentrenewable energy (Ryley &amp Chapman, 2012).

InIndia, major policies have been put in place to accommodate thechanging environment. In this, the Prime Minister of India in 2008announced the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). This isa plan running through to 2017 outlining the countries mitigation andadaptive measures in regards to the changing environment (Grover,2008). This program consisted of ways in which India would addressdevelopment objective while keeping in mind the changes in theclimate. A major objective of this program is not surpass the targetof greenhouse emission. The program keeps in mind the energy requiremeant for the country and how to use renewable energies. It also aimsto research more on the climate changes to acknowledge it fully. Inaddition, it provides a sustainable habitat and sustaining theHimalayan ecosystem (Ryley &amp Chapman, 2012).

Inconclusion, with the examples of these countries it is evident thatalthough climate change is a global problem to solve it requires anational perspective (Coley, 2008). Therefore, countries need to bearmed with their national policies that mitigate the climatic changefor the hope of a sustainable climate in the future. Even ifinternational agreements continue to be passed, they will not achievetheir intended goals if the countries themselves do not put in placepolicies that favor the climate (World Bank, 2010).


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