MODULE 3 RESEARCH CASE 4
Module3 Research Case
Toattain the desired objectives of the healthcare goal of reducingobesity cases among the Canadian children, it is important tointroduce process evaluation for the program. Naylor, et al (2006)has used several sources of data in determiningwhether the programis reaching the target population and to evaluate the effectivenessof the program.One of the sources of data that have been used inthe program is surveys. The program created focus groups during thecourse of the school level with designation of specific questions inevaluating the success of the logic model in attaining the goal ofthe AS! The other source of data through the study was through thecollection of the media content on quarterly basis in providingindicators on the context of the public towards the initiative. Thethird source of data for the process was the assessment of thegovernment media releases. Assessment of these media releases helpedto track the various indicators of the political context of thestudy. Through such sources of data, it was possible to trackpatterns and themes that existed in the course of the implementationof AS! (Naylor, 2006).
Theresearch question realized from module 1 was whether the provision ofstudents with improved physical activity environment and healthierdiets would help them in overcoming obesity and major chronicdiseases in the long term. One of the variables to be consideredduring the study would be the incidence of obesity cases among theCanadian children. In this variable, data will be collected in aspecific period of time on the number of children that have increasedor reduced in their weight. At the onset of the study, it will beimportant to first record all the weights of the children in ensuringthat any changes have been made regarding the weight of the childrenthrough the study. The other variable that the study will use is thefrequency in the physical exercises among the children. Since thephysical activity is a factor that is being considered as importantin the reducing obesity, it will be important to record the frequencyin the physical activities among the children. The third variable inthe study will be the provision of the specific type of diet by eachof the children. The subjects of the study will have to provideinformation will have to provide the specific type of diet that theyare on in daily basis. Evaluation of these three variables will helpin identifying the relation between diet, physical activity, andweight of the children under study (King, 2002).
Themain aim of a process evaluation is to assess whether a study isfairing on as per the initial plans. In evaluating whether the studyin progress is attaining its objectives, it is important to correlatethe various measures that have been put in place during itsimplementation. In process evaluation for the particular study, itwill be important to study the responses in each of the variableslisted. The three different variables identified in the study includeweight, frequency in physical activity, and diet patterns. The weightof the children is likely to be determined by the diet patterns andthe physical activities exhibited by the children. When accurate datais obtained on the three variables, it becomes possible to come upwith conclusions on the degree of the influence of the diet patternand physical activity on the weight of the children. Such informationis regarded as helpful in process evaluation (King, 2002).
KingA.C., Stokols D., Talen E., Brassington G.S., Killingsworth R.(2002). Theoretical approaches to the promotion of physical activity:forging a transdisciplinary paradigm. AmJ Prev Med 23(2),pp.15-25.
NaylorP.J, Macdonald H.M, Reed K.E, McKay H.A. (2006). Action Schools! BC:a socioecological approach to modifying chronic disease risk factorsin elementary school children. PrevChronic Dis [serial online].Available from: URL:http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2006/apr/05_0090.htm.