Milgram’s Research on Obedience 4
Milgram’s Research on Obedience
Milgram’s’ Research for Obedience is stimulated by the events ofthe 2nd world war whereby he performs an experiment toinduce pain on an innocent person. It is evident that more than halfof the people will obey researcher’s commands than responding toanother person’s plea. They have much higher disposition to obeyauthorities than they can respond to the suffering of others. Alsoits is evident that people mostly obey in face-to face conversationas they want to avoid embarrassment but in telephone conversationthey will disagree openly with what they think is not working well(Milgram, 2011). They obey in face to face talk as they view theperson giving orders as a legitimate figure. In itself, inducedbehaviour is not weak but certain situational aspects puts morepressure on behaviour than do others.
However, Attribution theorist claims that the results from theexperiment shows that behaviours is situational control rather thandispositional control. The people to whom the experiment was carriedout just followed what they were told instead of what theirconscience told them. Fundamental Attribution Error is the act ofpeople to overestimate induced behavioral causes and underestimatetheir conscience causes or rather situational causes. In thisexperiment, people misestimated the efficiency of some causes ofbehaviours which was not obvious from the results of the experiment.In nutshell, People do some things and engage in situationalbehaviour when placed under authoritative conditions which theycannot avoid (Milgram, 2011). This is evident by Milgram’s resultswhich shows power dominance which is often overlooked by people intheir day to day judgments.
In this study, people obeyed experimenter’s order that couldinduce suffering to an innocent body but this is due to the fact thatthey had a hard time to confront the experimenter of his immoralbehaviour (Milgram, 2011). Those who resisted orders did it inadvance and therefore attitude followed behaviours. From thisexperiment we learn that if we choose to follow our conscience ratherthan other people’s instructions we are less likely to suffer fromauthoritative bodies orders which exert pressure on how we behave.
Milgram, S. (2011). Obedience to authority. New York:Harper and Row.