MigrantWomen in Global Cities
Thisarticle studies the plight of women who work as nannies, maids or sexworkers in most prominent cities of the United States of America aswell as other global cities. In observation, different authorsdescribes the life of several women whose working conditions inprominent cities such as Washington are more characterized asslavery. These women are subjected to inhumane treatment by masterswho live in the wealth-pots of the cities yet they never get paid fortheir labor. Most of these women are migrants who do not even speaktheir captor’s language. They are fed on left-overs of the food thechildren they take care of during their daily routine. Physical abuseis also common among these migrant workers. These phenomena are notlimited to the United States only they are what is happening in manyof our global cities. The world’s poor populations are beingsubject to conditions that leave them little or no options but toleave home for migration to more developed countries and cities.Trafficking these people has become a profession of some individualswho always promise the migrants they will have a better pay than theyearn at home.
Abuseand exploitation of poor migrants are almost similar to many casesobserved where the immigrants travel documents are always confiscatedand obnoxious contracts replacing genuine ones. It is observable thatmany women working in these conditions are also restricted frommovement outside their houses unless accompanied by their employers.They also have to work for several hours all days of a week againstthe employment policy regulations. Some of the women are given out asgifts, trade or even loaned out to other families who continueexploiting them[CITATION Sas02 p 263 l 1033 ].While Zarembkastudies the case of American immigrants at the early onset of the21st century, the observations made are still prominent in manycities of the developed countries.
Inthe article exploring global cities and survival circuits, Sassenargues that globalization has taken on the wrong road. If the resultsare what is observable from the migrant women in these poor workingconditions, then globalization is failing terribly. This authorexpounds that two dynamic configurations pop up while concentratingon understanding the trends of the migrations. One of them is globalcities where the global economy has its heart. These cities have highdemands for the highly paid professional that leaves the employmentof migrants in lowly paid careers as the only viable alternative tomost migrants[CITATION Sas02 p 272 l 1033 ].The other are the survival circuits which refers to the sources andprocesses of the low-paid migrants been trafficked to global cities.They areconstituted of actors from multiple locations with far-reachingchains of traders and workers.
Asthe world embraces globalization, many migrant women are beingincorporated into the global cities as cheap labor alternatives dueto their availability. The solutions to these plights facing migrantwomen are the audit of domestic worker visa programs and theinclusion of protection provision to those women holding these visas.Information should also be provide to those willing to travel abroadfor domestic works, pertaining the language and legal systems of thecountry of immigration.
Migrationof people from developing countries to developed states is common. Incountries such as Sri Lanka, domestic workers in abroad provide thelargest source of foreign currencies. Most of the immigrants if notall, travel abroad to provide manual labor as cleaners, nannies,maid, drivers, and gardeners. As we can concur with the [CITATION Cox06 p flippa l 1033 ]majorityof the domestic workers are women. Dueto the high demand for domestic workers in major cities, with thefacilitation of agencies women travel abroad to provide the unskilledlabor. Women usually leave their children to take care of otherpeoples’ children.
Povertyand unemployment in developing countries, ensure that women travel toglobal cities to seek employment. Lack of skill and work permit,force women to turn to informal employment, mainly domestic work. Theincreasing number of working hours, make it essential to find anotherwoman to take care of her household. The increased number of workinghours, create demand for readily available cheap labor.
Theassumption that women do naturally have what it take to care forchildren, this makes them more viable to be house maidens. They haveseveral plight, first the maidens are lonely. They are isolated fromtheir ‘employees’ in that they cannot cope up with thesurrounding environment or culture. Such problems come up as a resultof them no knowing their language hence making communicationdifficult. Taking the case of Flippa, she had a purpose of learningand improving her English but at long last she did not have theopportunity due to all work that was available to be done for heremployees. She had no adult company most of the times, and she usedonly to spend time in her room in the evenings. These conditions makeall the life boring for the women migrants who go for the purpose ofmaking a living.
Immigrantsalso have the so called the global inequalities. This fact impliesthat they are discriminated in terms of payment and the employmentopportunities itself. The employees mostly take an advantage of theircheap labor and the long working hours. The domestic employments havemade rise to such plights at a larger level. Most of the countriesthat have the above problems are the Britain’s. Domestic employmentcomes with a great disadvantage. Individuals use the power of anotherhuman being to display his/her status and mostly in terms of wealth.This situation gives the ‘job seeker’ a hard time, and thisshould be fought and curtailed[CITATION Zar03 p 152 l 1033 ].
Alot should be done to improve the domestic employment. Most of thedomestic workers in regions such as Britain are being treated betterthat their counterparts in the other regions. The migrants themselvescan make their lives better from any mistreatment. This policy can beover headed by the domestic employees creating their domestic workersorganizations. These organizations have been important in theprevention of most of the worst abuses by their employers and all theissues about payments and the working conditions[CITATION Sas02 p 269 l 1033 ].These organizations are hard to manage due to the fact the workers donot work on the same places rather they are in different workplaces.
Professionalstandards can also be established to improve the work activities ofthese employees. These responsibilities ensure that the employerstake a serious and humanly handle the workers that are helping them.The issue and the assumptions that are made about women should beaddressed and done ended. This issue gives a hard time to womenimmigrants. They will be taken and seen like they have no place inthe society. The assumptions give false judgment that the women canbe employed and even be given low payments and most of theresponsibilities left for them to handle. If this tradition is doneaway with, there would be an easy moment for every person in thesociety and even the immigrant women will feel their place andposition in the environment involved[CITATION Cox06 p 129 l 1033 ].
Cox,Rosie. TheServant Problem: Domestic Employment in a Global Economy.London: I.B.Tauris & Co Ltd, 2006: 125-146
Sassen,Saskia. "Global Cities and Survival Circuits." 2002:254-274
Zarembka,Joy M. "America`s dirty work: Migrant maids and modem-dayslavery." Globalwoman: Nannies, maids, and sex workers in the new economy(2003): 142-153.