Legalization of Marijuana in United States Outline

Legalizationof Marijuana in United States


  1. Background information

  2. Pros of legalising marijuana

  1. Marijuana should be legalised on the medical purpose because it contains chemicals that treat certain ailments.

  2. Marijuana should be legalised because it contains chemical that kills cancerous cells, as well as reduces their sizes.

  1. Cons of legalising marijuana

  1. Marijuana should not be legalised because of its negative effects on the user (both physical and mental consequences)

  1. Conclusion

Legalizationof Marijuana in United States

Accordingto US news report by Huffington post, the fastest-growing industry inthe United States is legal marijuana (Guither n.p). In the nearfuture, marijuana industry is likely to become larger compared to theorganic food industry. Legalizing marijuana for adult recreationaland medical use is rapidly spreading across the fifty states in theUnited States. According to the medical definition, marijuana refersto the process of using marijuana plant and its extracts to treat acertain symptom or disease. However, the Food and Drug Administration(FDA) do not recognise or approve marijuana as a medicine.Nevertheless, scientific research proves that cannabinoidsis a chemicalin the marijuana plant used to manufacture some medicines. Researchalso shows that this chemical helps to treat wide range of symptomsand disease (Walker89).Therefore, most people in United States advocates that marijuanashould be legalised for medical purposes. Essentially, most stateshave already legalised it based on medical purposes. Unfortunately,marijuana medicines have the equal quality and health risk as streetmarijuana. Nevertheless, there is a high interest of cannabinoidsto treat childhood epilepsy that violent delta9tetrahydrocannabinolseizures disorders. Therefore, scientists are breeding marijuanaplants and manufacturing CBD oil to treat these conditions. Based onthe health benefits of marijuana, United States should legalise itsusage.

Marijuana,also cannabis, refers to dried leaves, stem, seeds, and flowers of ahemp plant called Cannabis sativa. Some scientists use marijuanaplant as a medicine or psychoactive drug. Marijuana plant contains amind-altering chemical THC and other related compounds such as CBD.In United States, marijuana is the most used illicit drug among theyoung. Research shows that the rate of marijuana use among middle andhigh school student have decreased rapidly in the past few years(Burnett, Malik, and Amanda n.p). Nevertheless, most young peoplebelieve marijuana is a friendly drug. People consume marijuanathrough several means. First, marijuana is smoked in hand-rolledcigarettes or pipes. Secondly, it can be smoked in an emptied cigar(blunt) that is refilled with marijuana. Further, other marijuanausers mix it with food and other edibles such as cookies, brownies,candy, or even brewing it to tea. To avoid inhaling smoke, marijuanausers are now using vaporizers devices to pull the active ingredientsand collect them in the form of vapour. Correspondingly, they inhalevapour instead of smoke.

Marijuanashould be legalised on the medical purpose because it containschemicals that treat certain ailments. For instance, cannabinoidchemical (CBD) has been known to treat epilepsy. For instance,Epidiolex is a CBD- based drug is used to treat childhood epilepsy(Walker88).In fact, a human body naturally produces cannabinoid chemicals. Thesechemicals are useful in regulating pleasure, thinking, body movement,memory, concentration, appetite, awareness of time, and senses(hearing, sight, taste, touch, and smell). Marijuana also produces(THC) chemical that is medically efficient to reduce nausea andincrease appetite. In addition, THC reduces inflammation (redness andswelling), pain, and muscle control problems. On the other hand, CBDchemical does not affect the behaviour or the mind of the user. Infact, it is very effective in reducing inflammation, pain, andcontrolling epileptic seizures (Gerber12).In addition, it can be used to treat addiction and mental illness.Fundamentally, there are two FDA-approved drugs, nabilone anddronabinol, and they both contain THC. The two medications reducechemotherapy nausea, as well as boosts appetite. Canada, UnitedKingdom, and some European countries have approved the use of anabiximol drug, a mouth spray that contain CBD and CBD to reducesmuscle control problems in multiple sclerosis patients. According toCaulkins,Jonathan, Angela, Beau, and Mark (102),researchers and scientists are continuing to explore other possibleuses of CBD and THC for medical purposes.

Secondly,marijuana should be legalised because it contains chemical that killscancerous cells, as well as reduces their sizes. For example, arecent study done on animals show that marijuana plant slows down thegrowth of a cancerous cell, especially the brain tumours. Further,research conducted on mice shows that treatments that contain CBD andTHC chemicals, and are used together with radiation increases theprocess of killing cancerous cells. A population-based case-controlstudy conducted in 2009 found that moderate consumption of marijuanareduced the risk of neck and head cancer (Burnett et. al., n.p).Another five years population-based study showed that smokingmarijuana has no links with lung cancer. In fact, it induces tumourcell death and has exhibits potentials of treating cancer. Currently,scientists are conducting medical trials with marijuana to treatnumerous symptoms and diseases such as autoimmune diseases,inflammation, mental disorder, seizures, and substance use disorder.

However,opposers of marijuana usages argue that it should not be legalisedbecause of its negative effects on the user. For instance, marijuanahas negative short and long-term effects on the brain. Whenever aperson smokes marijuana, THC chemicals get into the bloodstream andgo direct to the lungs. Corresponding, the blood carries THC chemicalto all organs of the body including the brain. After thirty minutesto one hour, its effects are visible. In the brain, Marijuana THCchemical reacts with a THC-like chemical of the brain, which plays asignificant role in brain development. At this moment, marijuana overactivates the brain causing the user to feel “high.” In addition,the users also experience other effects such as an altered sense oftime, impaired body movement, impaired memory, change of mood, anddifficulties in thinking and problem-solving. Marijuana also alterswith the brain development. Ruschmann(12) states use of marijuana at an early age reduces thinkingcapacity, memory, affects learning function, as well as affects thebrain connections with the real world. This condition might be along-term effect or even permanent. According a study conducted byuniversity students, a person who started consuming marijuana at anearly age loses an average of eight IQ over a period of twenty-fiveyears. Sadly, the person is unlikely recover the lost IQ even afterquitting marijuana usage.

Furthermore,they argue that marijuana should not be legalised due to its physicaland mental consequences to the users. Marijuana causes breathingproblems, increases heart rate, and alters child development in apregnant mother. Ruschmann(23), states that the smoke from marijuana irritates the lungs,causing similar lung problems as tobacco. Accordingly, marijuanausers are likely to suffer from frequent cough and phlegm, lungillness, and are at higher risk of contracting lung infections.However, research shows that marijuana does not cause lung cancer. Inaddition, marijuana increase heartbeat up to double the rate ofnormal heart beat. Correspondingly, increased heart rate may increaseheart attack chances. Further, if a pregnant mother smokes marijuana,the chemicals are likely the affect the foetus development.Consequently, a child may be born with memory and problem-solvingproblems. Besides, usage of marijuana has been associated with mentalillness such as temporary hallucinations and paranoia. Doctors alsolink marijuana with other mental symptoms such as anxiety,depression, and suicidal thoughts. Caulkinset. al., (89) argues that marijuana users report high cases of lowlife satisfaction, poor physical health, poor mental health, andrelationship problems compared to non-users. Moreover, marijuanausers report less career and academic success. In fact, marijuana hasbeen linked to high school dropout accidents, injuries, and jobabsences.

Theissue of whether or not to legalised marijuana in United Statesremains a debatable topic. The medical beneficial of marijuana areincontrovertible. Now, there are many peer-reviewed and respectedmedicals journals advocating for marijuana as a treatment medicine.For the patients who are in severe pain and suffering, marijuana hasworked effectively to relieve the pain. Furthermore, marijuana hasalleviated wide range of medical conditions including HIV/AIDS,cancer, Alzheimer, multiple sclerosis, and post-traumatic stressdisorder (Ruschmann45).Interestingly, most doctors substitute narcotic painkiller withmarijuana drugs. Indeed, the evidence of marijuana effectiveness inreducing intractable pain is impressive. Therefore, the benefits oflegalising marijuana outweigh the benefits of illegalizing it. Thus,medical usage of marijuana should be legalised based on the abovebenefits. The citizens of America are denied the psychological,physical, economical, spiritual, and medical benefits of marijuana,just because it is grouped as an illogical narcotic. Just as thereare people who drink responsibly, there are people who will smokemarijuana responsibly as well. More than twenty states in US havelegalised smoking of marijuana on the medical basis. However, the lawdoes not change, and illegal usage of marijuana remains an offenseunder the law. Likewise, the law does not change the process of FDAapproving safe and effective medications. In United States, marijuanaremains the greatest enemy in the war on drugs. Tobacco and alcoholare life-threatening substances yet they are legal despite themhaving no medical benefit. This posses a relevant question as to whymarijuana, despite its medical benefits, remain illegal.


Burnett,Malik, and Amanda Reiman. &quotHow Did Marijuana Become Illegal inthe First Place?&quot Drug Policy Alliance. 9 Oct. 2014. Web. 9 Apr.2015.

Caulkins,Jonathan P, Angela Hawken, Beau Kilmer, and Mark Kleiman.&nbspMarijuanaLegalization: What Everyone Needs to Know., 2012. Print.

Gerber,Rudolph J.&nbspLegalizingMarijuana: Drug Policy Reform and Prohibition Politics.Westport, Conn: Praeger, 2004. Print.

Guither,Pete. &quotDrug WarRant.&quot Drug WarRant. Web. 9 Apr. 2015. .

Ruschmann,Paul.&nbspLegalizingMarijuana.New York: Infobase Pub, 2003. Internet resource.

Walker,Jon.&nbspAfterLegalization: Understanding the Future of Marijuana Policy., 2014. Print.