Oneof the key and essential departments that have become an integralpart within the bigger criminal justice department is the juvenilejustice. The division of juvenile justice provides treatment andeducation to the states youthful offenders who have been convictedwith serious criminal backgrounds. The JuvenileJustice System (JJS)has over time changed and grown since the year 1899, when the firstjuvenile court was established in the United States. Today, JJS stillmaintains its primary goal of rehabilitation, and distinguishesitself from the main criminal justice system in different ways(Bartollas & Miller, 2011). This paper analyses howprofessionalism and technology aspects has affected the JJS in therecent times.
Question1Professionalismand Juvenile Justice
Ina broad definition, professionalism is referred as competence or therequired skills of any given profession. Professionalism‘is mostly used to describe the skills, competence, qualities aswell as behaviors that are expected from individuals in any givenprofession. Different professionals have been required to workjointly for the success of the juvenile justice system in the UnitedStates. The adoption of professionals in the department has broughtalong the implementation of professionalism in the system which inturn has affected the system positively.
Withinthe juvenile system, there are different contributing personals suchas the Victims, public members, juvenile lawbreakers, and juvenilejustice professionals, whereby the practice of operating in isolationhas been changed into working together through coordinated,collaborative activities for planning and instigating policy,individual interventions, and programs. Professionalism is one of themodern components that make the juvenile justice system. Agenciesresponsible for giving services within the system require to havestandardized testing and continued education (Bartollas & Miller,2011). Increase in professionalism for juvenile justice agencies is apositive development within the system and the criminal justice atlarge. The practice of professionalism has led to collaborativeworking on all the involved components and in turn successful andeffective performance of the system. The key components of thejuvenile justice system include law enforcement, juvenile court andjuvenile corrections, probation, and the community. The practice ofprofessionalism has lender all the relevant components effectivetowards the realization of the JJS objectives (Bartollas &Miller, 2011). For example, the court system has improved caseloadmanagement, and the correctional agencies are better equipped tohandle the juvenile population.
Professionalismand as well impacted the manner in which the different professionalsdeliver their services. This has led to improved performance of thesystem. Through the professionalism, there has been effectiveadoption of the education, youth welfare as well as recreationservices have all been effectively used in the system. In otherwords, professionalism has brought along, collaborative programs inthe juvenile justice system, which have been effective in turning theyoung offenders into productive and law abiding people. Despite thepractice of professionalism not been easy to implement, the result isvaluable both in short and long term benefits to the JJS (Bartollas &Miller, 2011).
Question2TechnologyUse in Juvenile Correctional Community and Institution
Oneof the major innovations that have been adopted in all the sectors istechnology. Technology advancements have brought along with improvedperformances in different sectors in the societies. One of the areasthat have adopted technology advancements is the criminal justice andthe juvenile correctional institutions. This has led to the use ofthe term ‘Technocorrections’.‘Technocorrections’ simply refers to the use of technology incorrections. The emergence of advanced technologies as well asadoption of the developments in the juvenile correction institutions,has led to the adoption of different emerging technologies within thecorrection environments (Bartollas& Miller, 2014).
Oneof the emerging technologies is the use of electronic tracking andlocation systems. This has become a common and familiar technologybreakthrough in the corrections in the modern times. This technologyhas enabled juvenile correction officers to continuously monitor.Track the offenders’ locations as well as supervise their movement.This technological advancement has enhanced the juvenile correctionsto keep in control of the victims even when they are on probation. Ithas enabled and increased and improved monitoring system within theinstitutions (Bartollas& Miller, 2014).
Inaddition, the technology advancement has helped in the implementationof the correction objectives such as the provision of adequateresources such as education to the juveniles. Technology hassupported the establishment of virtual classes which the correctionsare adopting to help educate the young offenders. Moreover,technology breakthroughs have led to the use of pharmacologicaltreatments in the corrections. This technology has been used tocontrol behavior within correction setting and outside thecorrections (Bartollas& Miller, 2014).These drugs are used to controlmental conditions affecting behaviors that are considered undesirableeven when the offenders are not mentally ill. This has positivelybeen used to mold the desired behaviors of the convicts and in turnimproving the success of the juvenile system in turning the youngoffenders into better citizens.
Lastly,is the adoption of risk management technologies, which has been usedto help in justifying the use preventive incarceration if “abnormal”behavior or criminal behaviors could be explained and predicted bygenetic or neurobiological profiling. This technology advancement hashelped predict the expected behavior of the convicted young people.This has in turn helped the officials to be aware and prepared forany unexpected behavior of the juvenile victims (Bartollas& Miller, 2014).Its evident technology developments are continuously improving theperformance of the juvenile correctional system in the community withincreased success rates in terms of achieving the desired objectivesof the corrections.
Bartollas,C., & Miller, S.J. (2011). Juvenile justice in America (6th ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Bartollas,C., & Miller, S.J. (2014). Pearson Criminal Justice. Boston, MA:Pearson.