IMPROVING DELINQUENCY PREVENTION 4
Theexistence of delinquency in schools has called for the establishmentof efforts to reduce or prevent the crimes from happening. Theseefforts need to be improved by establishing strategies that willincrease the capabilities of the initiatives, especially in schools.One of the most appropriate interventions to improve the capabilitiesof delinquency prevention is embracing peer education in schools.According to FindYouth Info (2013), peereducation is the use of students with good morals to reach others theimportance of good morals and ethics. This will help students toinfluence each other on the positive side of the law. At the sametime, students will be able to assist in detecting extremes of badbehavior in school, so that such habits can be checked before theyventure into crime.
Anotherimportant effort for improving the capabilities of the delinquencyprevention is to start social education in the society. The studentsat school come from the larger society that influences their behaviordirectly and some indirectly (FindYouth Info, 2013).Therefore, if people in the society are educated on the importance ofpromoting good behaviors and morals in the society, the rate ofdelinquency will reduce. At the same time, the promotion of societalnorms will reduce the probability of the youth being influenced bythe negative characters in the society. According to NCSL (2010), asociety that abhors crime also promotes good behavior among themembers. Therefore, the young people will grow with models of goodbehavior.
Toimprove the capabilities of delinquency prevention, all stakeholdersshould be involved in the preventive efforts. The stakeholders in thecase of delinquency prevention include the parents, the children atschool and the teachers, not forgetting the law enforcementauthorities (NCSL, 2010). The involvement of these stakeholdersshould be done during the planning of the prevention efforts, so thatdiverse solutions to the problem can be proposed. Through theinvolvement of all the stakeholders, comprehensive solutions thatfocus on the youth in all aspects of life will be implemented.
Forexample, if the parents, clergy and teachers are involved indelinquency prevention, they will adopt a holistic approach. Such anapproach will train the young people to avoid crime from home throughtheir parents, at religious institutions through the clergy, and atschool through teachers.
Atthe same time, the actions of the law enforcement authorities shouldbe encouraged in schools and in the larger societies. Therefore,arrest and justice processes for the youth who engage in crime shouldbe done accordingly. According toFind Youth Info (2013), arrestingand charging the youth involved in delinquency will act as a warningto the potential criminals, both at school and at home. For instance,if the school management reports a gang of youth in school who selldrugs, their arrest and imprisonment will remove the bad elements atthe school and teach the would be peddlers a deterrent lesson.
Inaddition, the use of psychological methods to monitor the works ofthe youth at school is important (Gottfredson,2002).For example, the use of counseling services for students who have badbehavior in school is important to understand the causes of theirhabits. Through such humanistic interventions, the schools andparents will understand the needs of the young people and addressthem before they turn into destructive personalities. Moreover,taking time to understand the problems that face the young people,especially the adolescent is necessary. According toFind Youth Info (2013), thiswill prevent them from using their psychological problems to be amotivator for delinquency.
FindYouth Info, 2013. JuvenileJustice and DelinquencyPrevention.RetrievedFrom,<http://findyouthinfo.gov/youth-topics/juvenile-justice/prevention-and-early-intervention>April 12, 2015
NationalConference of State and Legislature, NCSL, 2010.Delinquency Prevention & Intervention.Retrieved From, <http://www.ncsl.org/documents/cj/jjguidebook-delinquency.pdf> April 12, 2015
Gottfredson,G.D., Gottfredson, D., Czeh, E., Cantor, D., Crosse, S.B., &Hantman, I. (2002). NationalStudy of Delinquency Prevention in Schools.RetrievedFrom, <https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/194116.pdf>April 12, 2015