ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS BE SHOULD LEGALIZED 9
IllegalImmigrants Should Be Legalized
Illegalimmigration has been causing debate on its impact to a state’seconomy, but few people realize their significant economic impact.The United States economy is highly made up of illegal immigrantsthat positively contribute either directly or indirectly to theeconomy. Legalization of illegal immigrants benefits all thestakeholders, thus reforms should be implemented to enable themcontribute fully to the American economy.
Benefit of illegal immigrants to the American economy
expanded the labor market
decrease consumer costs
foster research and innovation
Advantages of legalization
i.Revenue and taxes
ii.Increased consumer purchasing power
i. Foster competition and a leveled playing field
ii.Reduction in staff turnover
i.better jobs that will earn them a decent income
ii.Insurance coverage and access to better healthcare
Bothlegal and illegal immigrants living in America have been uncertaintyof their future. While the undocumented immigrants liveillegitimately with fear of deportation, those who have alreadyacquired a legal status have been marginalized and left out from mostpolitical and social engagements. Illegal immigration occurs due todifficulties in getting a visa to migrate legally. However, fewpeople have realized the significant economic impact of illegalimmigrants. This paper will analyze the benefit of immigration, andwhy it is crucial to legalize illegal immigrants. Due to the positiveeconomic contribution of immigrants, legalization of illegitimateimmigrants is inevitable in the American economy.
Benefitof illegal immigrants to the American economy
Firstly,immigration has expanded the labor market in America throughsubsidized labor supply. It is estimated that illegal immigrants haveincreased the labor force by approximately 47% of the population.According to Nadadur (2009), immigrants have a positive economiccontribution since they increase demand, spur investment and enhancecapital productivity through competition to the host country.Immigration helps to address imbalances in the labor market. Whilethe natives fill the primary jobs category, the secondary segment isleft for the immigrants. Nadadur (2009) argues that as a result,there is lack of job competition since American employees findsecondary jobs unsuitable. The author elaborated the labor theory todemonstrate how employers turn to immigrant with unskilled labor tocurb labor shortage. In fact according to her, scholars have statedthat a reduction of the illegal immigrant population may negativelyaffect the US economy. Undoubtedly, they help increase the workforceand this in turn develop the aggregate GDP. This is despite thecritic’s argument that illegal immigrants may have negativeconsequences on the economy because they take jobs of low-skillednatives, lower wages, as well as neutralize the market pressure.Nonetheless, the author affirmed that due to the partitioned natureof the labor market, continued flow of immigrants only complement thelabor market, rather than bring competition (Nadadur, 2009).
Additionally,in her article Nadadur (2009) articulates that illegal immigrantshelp to create a subsidy through consumer costs decrease, as a resultof inexpensive product and services. Illegal immigrants also play apositive role as market consumers to contribute to the overall growthof the economy with purchases and local taxes. Robison (2006)provides an insight of the real consequences of illegal immigrationby presenting an interview with Dennis Jacobe, who is an economist.Actually, he highlights that immigration impact on the development ofthe economy and has substitution effects. As more business start up,the immigrants help to meet the labor demand, thus, growth in theeconomy. On the other hand, the substitution effects are created bymoving labor from a high concentration region, thus generally drivingdown labor price. The article clearly identifies that the mostbeneficiaries of illegal immigration are the hiring companies andtheir stockholders. This is because they use cheaper labor thatresults in higher profit margins, as well as, better returns to theshareholders (Robison, 2006).
Anotherbenefit of immigration is to foster research and innovation.Immigration in academic attracts top minds from other nationsglobally. This in turn translates in research and technical expertisefrom graduate students in many American universities. In hisarticle, West (2011) asserts that despite the anxiety and fearsassociated with illegal immigration, expatriates promote research andinnovation, as well as advancement in technology. Usually, mostimmigrants tend to be young and economically active, and bring inskills and abilities from their countries to supplement human capitalin the host country. Clearly, West (2011) in his article disprovedmisperception that undocumented immigrants only drain the host nationresources by comparing the United States immigration policy, to thepublic perception. Finally, the author asserted that in spite ofdiscrimination, vulnerability to abuse, and exclusion that illegalimmigrants go through, their contribution towards the host countryfurther outweighs their imagined costs. Just like a native-born,migrants help to finance public infrastructure through taxes andsocial contributions, although to a lesser extent (West, 2011).
Legalizationof undocumented immigrants will benefit individuals, the government,businesses and the whole economy. To the economy, legalizing theapproximately 11 million illegal migrants would boost the economythrough increased GDP. As a result of the legal status of theimmigrant workers, as well as labor rights, wages for both Americanand foreign workers will automatically rise. Consequently, higherwages and better jobs in the nation means an enhanced consumerpurchasing power, thus a benefit to the whole U.S. economy.
Tothe government, legalizing undocumented immigrants would translateinto increased tax revenues for the federal government. For example,if all the 11 million immigrants acquire the legal status, the taxrevenue would add up into billions. This is in addition to thecreation of thousands of new job opportunities. Besides, legalizingundocumented immigrants would boost state economies through adequateavailability to qualified workers, and this means a reduction instaff turnover. Most significantly, America requires a legalizedworkforce and American employers would avoid legal risks related toemployment of illegal immigrants.
Furthermore,immigrants have played a role in starting new and profitablebusinesses that provide employment opportunities to few individuals.Another advantage of legalization is to foster competition and aleveled playing field where all workers will compete for availablejobs in the market. Collectively, this means growth to the economy.For this reason, reforms in the immigration policy will promoteinnovation, economic growth, as well as labor force stability.
Tothe individuals themselves, legalization will enable illegalimmigrants get better jobs that will earn them a decent income.Obviously, their wages will simply increase because they have thelegal right to work. Moreover, it will be more humane for themtogether with their families, as this will drastically reduce povertyrates in the nation, as well as develop a better and empoweredworkforce. Additionally, once the illegal immigrants acquire thelegal status, this automatically qualifies them for insurancecoverage and access to better healthcare. Moreover, legalizationwould enable illegal immigrate to participate openly in civic life,and this will make stronger communities while at the same time reducemistreatment and marginalization. In summary, immigration as a wholeeither in the labor force, academia, and entrepreneur is beneficialand lead to the creation of a more innovative, adjustable andproductive economy.
Currently,the immigration system in the U.S. is in a mess. The bureaucracy barshighly skilled individuals, students and political refugees to enterinto the nation. Clearly, legalizing benefits outweighs the costs.Despite the fact that immigration may lower wages for unskilledlabor, with time benefits will increase as the economic pie continuesto expand. A mixture of cultural benefits offered by immigrationbrings manageable challenges. However, deportation of the 11 millionimmigrants would be impossible and may have some devastating effectsboth socially and economically.
Inconclusion, this paper has analyzed both direct and indirect impactof illegal immigration on the American economy. Currently, anestimated 11 million immigrants live illegitimately in the nation. Nonetheless, thousands of illegal aliens enter the country every day.Clearly, from this analysis several stakeholders benefit from theworkforce including businesses that hire them, American consumers,the state and federal governments, and the illegal immigrantsthemselves. As a haven for most immigrants globally, where immigrantsseek freedom and economic opportunities, immigration reforms is theonly solution that will enable immigrants in the U.S to enjoy normallives, acquire rights and involve themselves fully in the society.Due to the positive economic contribution of immigrants, legalizationof illegitimate immigrants is inevitable in the American economy.Legalization benefits outweigh costs, thus a good thing. Certainly,illegal immigrants in America are better off compared to where theyhave come from. Immigrants should be provided with strongerincentives to start businesses and acquires skills that in turn wouldlead to increase their incomes, thus decrease dependency on thegovernment.
Nadadur,R. (2009). Illegal Immigration: A Positive Economic Contribution tothe United States. Journalof Ethnic & Migration Studies 35(6), 1037-1052.
Robison,J. (2006). The Real Impact of Illegal Immigration. GallupManagement JournalOnline, 1.
West,D. M. (2011). The Costs and Benefits of Immigration. PoliticalScience Quarterly (Academy Of Political Science), 126(3),427-443.