Epistemologyrefers to a branch of philosophy that deals with inquiry on theorigin, the kind, methods and limits of the knowledge base of humans(Worth, 2005). I tend to think we can learn from art and humanitiesas they allow us to conceptualize issues hence increasing theknowledge base. Through arts, comprehension of the world around us ismade easier. Art arouses emotions and an example is a movie where wehave a monster eating a human being. Such a movie will arouse somesadness and pity even though it is obvious that monster does notexist. Hence in this example, art enables us to express fiction thatcannot easily be explained in words (John, 1998). I agree withAristotle that art through arousing emotions lead to development ofgood character within individuals. Individuals should be encouragedto learn humanities in colleges given that knowledge acquired isbeneficial as it helps shape up character as backed up by Aristotle(John, 1998). For instance, when listening to music, memories mightbe triggered such as a love lost hence becoming the main objects butnot the music itself.
John,E. (1998). Reading fiction and conceptual knowledge: Philosophicalthought in literary context. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism,331-348.
Worth,S. E. (2005). Art and epistemology. Internet Encyclopedia ofPhilosophy.
Thefirst literary work is The Path of King by John Buchan. This storygives historical episodes of the socio-economic and political life ofVikings. The main idea here is that great leaders arise from humblebackgrounds (Buchan, 1920). The main topic is the root of the royalblood and its descent from one generation to another.
Thesecond work is a poem which is Frost at Midnight by Samuel TaylorColeridge. The speaker of the poem is Samuel himself who talks aboutFrost performing the secret ministry in a windless night (Coleridge &Adcock, 2004). The inmates are asleep and the speaker appears to bealone except for the cradled infant that is beside him (Coleridge &Adcock, 2004). The poem explores the themes of power of imaginationand individual development as his arguments arises from mind issues.
Thereis the play, Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare. It isrevolves around Antonio, who seems depressed and his friend Bassaniowho needs money to date Portia. Left with no alternative, Bassanioseeks loan from Antonio in order to visit Portia. However, Antonioagrees to give loan unfortunately his money is held in investmentsand advises for Shylock. Themes include self-interest against love,Hatred, and Mercy.
Buchan,J. (1920). The Path of the King, by John Buchan. T. Nelson and sons.
Coleridge,S. T., & Adcock, F. (2004). Frost at Midnight. ProQuest LLC.
Accordingto Kant, one is supposed to act morally right as it is their duty todo so (Alexander & Moore, 2007). Their actions are not pegged onthe consequences rather the most important thing is the motive oftheir actions. If an individual is an office holder, according toKant and they are found corrupt because they are paid inadequately,it is immoral. This is because the individuals would not like othersto harbor corrupt practices. It is their duty to ensure that they actin an ethical manner. They should not act in ethical manner becausethey are aware of consequences of corruption, rather, because it istheir duty (Christie, Groarke & Sweet, 2008). I agree with Kantthat stealing or lying in any context is immoral as the individualswould not want others to steal from them or lie to them. Hence oneshould do what they know universally applies to all.
Alexander,L., & Moore, M. (2007). Deontological ethics.
Christie,T., Groarke, L., & Sweet, W. (2008). Virtue ethics as analternative to deontological and consequential reasoning in the harmreduction debate. International Journal of Drug Policy, 19(1), 52-58.