Human Adaptations to the Environmental Setting

HumanAdaptations to the Environmental Setting

Physiologically,these people at this place are likely to have high numbers of bloodcells. At high altitudes,there are low levels of oxygen. The bodies are,therefore,unable to deliver an adequateamount of oxygen to the body causing low oxygenation of the bodytissues a situation called hypoxia. Toovercome these the people at high altitudes have an enormous amountof a blood component called hemoglobin to increase their blood oxygencarrying capacity.Therefore, at these conditions the number of hemoglobin levels amongthese people is surpassingly high. Secondly, with high levels of coldthe people may have high fat levels. At low temperatures, the bodyresponds by accumulating high-fatcontent to act as insulator against heat loss. These traits arenon-racial. They are less likely to classify people bytheir race. Physiological changes are universal,and they cut across most of the cases. This makes this not to supportthe race

Genetically,they are likely to have hairy bodies. However, this trait can bephysiologic as well as genetic. The excess hair acts as an insulatoragainst heat loss, hair colorations for signaling and camouflage.This is asignificantadaptation to survive the extreme cold experienced in the highattitudes. Besides, the exposure of these people to radiations, it ispossible that they have genes that have mutated to a level that theyare less sensitive to these radiations. This is in accordance withthe research findings by Tung and Gilad that some genes are likely toundergo low self-rank for an organism to survive adverse conditionslike the radiations at this place. These genetical modifications areto support human adaptation to these conditions. They are therefore

Culturally,the mode of dressing of these people would be composed of heavyclothing this will act to prevent them from the adverse conditionsof extreme temperatures. At the place where the temperature is verylow, their costumes,therefore,should have an adaptation to protect them from the cold weather.Besides, this culture is likely to embrace passive culturalactivities like storytelling and singing activities as compared toactive activities like sports. At their attitude and environment, thepassive cultural activities are the best, as they require littleenergy and oxygen. In addition, these culturalpeople will prefer a calm and preserved person rather than theaggressiveindividual. At such conditions, this culture is not racial. Thesesituations at the place force these people to behave the same. Thesescultural trait,therefore,developas a result of state of the environment

Developmentally,these people are likely to have a morphology alteration. This owes tothe radiations. Either can be small than regularor large.Some researchers in Japanidentified the shape of butterflies to enlarge due to exposure toradiations this may also apply to these people. Secondly, exposure tothese people to low energy levels they are likely to developphenotypic genes to help them to conserve energy. This gene will workoptimally inthe low-level energy environment but may malfunction in thehigh-energy environment. This trait does not support race because,first all the people at the same conditions are likely to developthisgenotype.These people acquire the genes including those of the racegenetically, but this is a situational trait,therefore, cannotbe racial

Clinesare the best tools to understand human variation. Clines involve thestudy of the continuum of species, races, populations varieties andother forms that show gradual or phenotypic and genetic different inthe geographical area. Since these are variations that typically,result from environmental heterogeneity clines,therefore,forms the best basis to study variation