Food Production Systems

FOOD PRODUCTION 4

FoodProduction Systems

FoodProduction Systems

Currently,a discussion on pros and cons of genetically modified foods isongoing. The concept is essential to some people because it allowsplants to withstand adverse weather conditions, therefore, allowssurplus food production. Scientists advocate that humans shouldconsume the foodstuffs as they have improved flavors. For instance,peppers can become sweeter or spicier compared to the varieties thatgrows naturally. Integration of diverse additives such as corn makesthem sweeter. On the same note, technically enhanced animals resistdiseases better than regularly raised breeds. Genetic enrichment issimilar to a vaccine for either animals or plants, but the differenceis that the latter is encodes genes to develop a strong immune systemon short term (Martin, 2009).

Annualcrops are refers to plants that complete their lifecycles within onegrowing season. The leaves, roots and stem dies by the end of aseason. The next generation recuperates from the seeds a plantdevelops in a previous generation. In contrast, perennials grow formany seasons continuously. The top part of the plant dies while theroot system remains intact. During the following growth season, a newplant blossoms from the surviving root part. Annual plants arepreferred to perennials because a farmer can easily change the cropsgrown. Ideally, crop rotation is a crucial farming concept thatrequires raising plants from distinct families in different places.Eradicating perennials can be a hustle, especially when a farmerintends to grow new crops that are resistant to pests or climatechange (Martin, 2009).

Polycultureinvolves growing different crop types in one field. A farmerreplicates natural conditions of the ecosystem for both crops andanimals. The production system is beneficial because it requires asmall piece of land compared to new agricultural techniques. Sincepolyculture requires a small piece of land, it is efficient as asimple irrigation system can produce high quantities of differentyields simultaneously (Martin, 2009). Since polyculture producesmassive yields within a small plot of land, I support the farmingsystem.

Reference

Martin,J. (2009). Thedevelopment of modern agriculture: British farming since 1931.Basingstoke:Macmillan.