A:Lesson02 Learning Assessment
What, according to William Bascom, is the reason that folklore persists in the modern age?
Accordingto William R. Bascom (the American Anthropologist scholar andauthor), there are various reasons why folklore has been andcontinues to persist in the modern age. He highlighted four primaryfunctions of folklore in a modern culture:
Folklore is a useful means of exercising social control and applying social pressure.
Folklore authenticates culture, justifying its institutions and rituals to those who observe and perform them.
Folklore is an educational tool that strengthens decency and moral principles in addition to building intelligence.
Folklore enables people to break away from subjugation forced upon them by the world
2 Whatcan be learned from analyzing the structure of a story?
Thereare various reasons why students are always urged to analyze thestructure of a story while reading. First, it helps them comprehendthe story’s conflict as well as help them nurture their art orskill of writing and reading. This is achieved by assessing thelanguage use and the style of writing employed. In addition, broadanalysis of the structure of a narrative will develop a learner to bea critical thinker. It also aids the students analyze the plot,characters, settings, and point of view of the author. Consequently,this improves one’s understanding of the message being passedacross by the narrative.
What is the basis of the psychoanalytic interpretation of folklore?
Throughoutthe study of folktales and other essential elements of folklore,Psychoanalytical hypothesis can play a fundamental role. It evidentlyclear that in the in the interpretation of folklore, Sigmund Freud’smethod of psychoanalytic interpretation is very useful and common.The aim of psychoanalysis is to delve deep into the area of theunconscious mind. Psychoanalytic interpretation refers to thesearching of the hidden meaning or theme in folklore. By identifyingand understanding the dark theme, the message of the narrativebecomes readily visible. Conclusively, we can state that the basisfor psychoanalytic interpretation of folklores lies in theunconscious mind, imagination, and the ability to dig deep into thetheme of a story to unearth the hidden messages.
In the ethnographic film Rattlesnakes, what are the functions of the festival that the filmmakers document?
Inthis ethnographic film, there is an important festival carried out inthe hilly region of Cross Fork, Pennsylvania. The festival isorganized to enable the local rattlesnake hunters to showcase theirhandling skills and techniques to the curious festival goers. Thereis also a contest for firemen comprising of volunteering fireorganizations from the adjacent communities. In addition to the twoactivities, the fair displays rattlesnakes’ theme souvenirs forauction. There is also a pig pursue and confine contest with theswine being the reward. The general importance of the festival is tobring the neighboring communities together to celebrate theirheritage and honor their culture and way of life.
B.Lesson10 Learning Assessment
According to Bronner, what was the historical precedent to the jokes about Budd Dwyer? In other words, what joke cycles did the Dwyer, humor model? Answer
Thetragic suicide of Dwyer was widely broadcasted in Pennsylvania andother states of the United States. From the tragedy, Bronnercreatively created jokes around the event. At this time in history,the transmission of information was taking a new innovativedimension. It was now simpler to share information due to thetechnological advancements being made especially with the internet.The jokes cycle were referred to as the black comedy jokes. Thesejokes create a mockery and gloomy humor of topics that are consideredtaboo in the society. These kinds of tricks are highly controversialdue to the weight of the subject matter.
2.Whatdoes Bronner compare message board posting to?
SimonBronner is a known folklore modernist. In his work, he usedcomparisons between the digital and the analog era of storytelling.Here, he gives a comparison of the online message board postings tothe social media posts, email messages attachments, and Wikipedia. Henotes that these new forms of expressing folktales are vital in thereach of narrative to the desired audience. The similarities arevisible due to the functions of all the media mentioned by Bronner.All of them indicate a string of communication involving more thanone individual. The updates in these forums are live and real time.
Warren E. Roberts and why was a virtual museum posthumously created bearing his name?
WarrenE. Roberts was a folk life scholar who initially focused on Scottishand English ballads and later turning to customary material culturefolklore. This was more about the day-to-day lives of countryAmericans during the pre-industrial period. He studied his fellowshipin Norway under a Fullbright scholarship program. Dr.Roberts was an avid lover of material culture and had the long visionof opening an outdoor museum to display significant culturalartifacts and other historical materials. However, this dream nevermaterialized due to lack of funds. As a result, the virtual museumwas established to honor this dream and even though not in theintended form. The museum displays Dr. Roberts’ works, fromphotography and other cultural materials collected before his demisein 1999.
C.  Lesson10 Discussion Forum
Examplesof modern or post-modern folklore
Inthe modern and post-modern era, there has been a shift in the waynarratives are being told as well as the medium being used totransmit it. Today, folklore is more popular than ever when weconsider the audience reached by a single narrative such as a movie,novel, console game, or a live NEWS bulletin. In addition, there area number of newly introduced forms of folklores such as urbanlegends, public folklore (includes exhibitions, festivals, andartists learning about cultural pride), medical ethnography archives,food recipes, marketing campaigns (both regional and international),dances, myths, songs, theatrical plays, and skits among others.
Thepopularity of narratives contained in songs, films and othercontemporary methods of passing information has spurred the art oftelling stories. In the past, stories were limited to a few forms ofexpression. This modern spur in communication channels has gone on tofulfill the set out objectives of a folktale that is to passinformation from one generation to another.
Accompanyingthese new folklores, the advancement in the technology has greatlyenhanced how these stories are being passed across to the audience.In this era, the internet is a vital component in the sharing ofmessages and other stories. The proper use of the website hasenhanced storage of literature materials. The television, radio, andthe satellite transmitters are also some of the great supporters ofstorytelling.