DevelopmentalMilestones from Birth to One Year
DevelopmentalMilestones from Birth to One Year
Developmentalmilestones refer to the skill that a child acquires at aparticularperiod.It can likewise refer to the things children can perform at aparticular time. The milestones usually follow a unique sequence.When the newborn is motivated to execute something, they make a newmotor behavior, which will get a new motor effect. The newborn isusually unable to perform many actions, but over the next twelvemonths the infant becomes capable of sitting, crawling, walking,running and even climbing (Altman, 2006). Thus, the paper shall lookat the various changes, which an infant passes through from the timeof birth through the age of one year. The changes are divided intophysical, cognitive, social and emotional changes.
Atthe time of birth, the baby’s vision is not fully grown, she seesblurred images. The first few days, the child usually loses weightbecause they require time to adjust to feeding by sucking, takingback and digesting. After that, they gain weight quickly. The infantalso needs support to bear up his head because he holds no commandover his muscles. After three months, the child’s muscles havegrown, and he is capable to grab things, work with his hands, he isyet able to control his neck. After, six months, the child will beable to sit independently, crawl, will also enjoy playing with histoes. He sits without help. Twelve months later, he expresses hisdesire to walk by holding a grown-up`s hand. He places all the thingson his lip. Eventually, he learns how to walk, he even starts eatingwith his fingers or uses a spoon. He sleeps more during the day andless at night. At this time, his weight has tripled since birth. Thebaby can also be introduced to new foods apart from breast milk.
Theyrefer to brain development or the learning process of memory,language, thinking and reasoning. After birth, environmentalexperiences usually guide the learning ability development. Eachchild is born with inherited reflexes. Thus, the child often engagesin behaviors that accidentally produce various effects. Babies learnby doing: looking, picking up, reaching, grasping, and sucking.
Afterbirth, children usually communicate by crying. Infants oftenunderstand a language before speaking it. After a point, the criesbecame distinct in that the child cries whether sick, thirsty, hotcold or is tired. After three months, the child makes cooing sounds.The infant also communicates through making eye contact and evenmakes facial expressions. Later, the infant starts using differentvowel sounds they may even start squealing in his quest to learndifferent sounds. The child will also start growling and gurgling.They also start babbling. Afterward, six months, the child beginsrecognizing familiar words like bye. They also pick out their name,when they arrive at the age of one year, they will also take offusing single words, for example, Mama, Baba. Pronunciation is usuallydifficult, but only familiar adults can understand and translate forothers. They also start to build vocabularies by absorbing the wordsaround them. Babies at this age will also understand common phrasesand simple direction used in everyday places, for exemplar, theyunderstand nighttime follows that day. They will also use gestures toshow what he requires. The baby also loves imitating the people closeto them. The child also becomes more sensitive to the mother`s voice.
Emotionalchanges refer to how the child relates to other masses. These changesusually occur as the kid matures and are noticeable when the child isbigger. The child will smile at you. He also becomes more active ingetting the mother`s attention. He comes so close to the mother andis hesitant to strangers. The baby will also respond differently tothe articulation of a stranger than a familiar individual. After theage of one year, the child uses their five senses actively. They finddelight in causing things to come about. They know and manage theirnatural processes. The child will like smiling at herself in themirror. She even likes toys, books with single images and children`ssongs. They even enjoy experimenting with marks or scribbles on asurface. He will as well cast away toys in order to draw outdifferent sounds. The way the parents cuddle, hold and play with thechild will sit the basis for how they will interact with otherpeople. At this age, children experience a wide range of tantrumswhen tired or frustrated. They respond to conflict by hitting,biting, screaming or crying. They seek autonomy and can say NO, to anadult’s suggestion, but moments later, they will ask for help.
OneDay in the Life of One-Year-Old
Meganwakes up she is so happy because she can run about. She keeps goingup and down to exercise her newfound freedom. I pick her up, and shesmiles at me. She loves to play she wants to play, it is fun to pushthrough and knock everything down. She likes games where she can setthings in containers and dump them again because she is tickled withthe auditory sensations of things banging together, only when Iattempt to remove the container from her, she throws a tantrum byfalling on the primer coat and yelling. She even enjoys painting anddancing to any music. Then she utters one-word sentences, such asmama, dada, and even baba, am the only one who can understand whatshe is babbling. She goes near the mirror and smiles at herself, shetries to catch the other person in the mirror and finds it veryinteresting. After play time is over, her brother takes her out for astroll, which makes her so happy. After some time she comes back butruns towards me, she had actually missed me. It is meal time, and shecan feed herself. However, she makes a whole mess as she uses thespoon for feeding. She does not need any help. Afterward, it is timefor a birth, after placing water in the basin, she gets into thewater but wants to bathe herself. She loves staying in the water.Later, when it is nighttime and, therefore, bedtime. She keepsresisting naps by crying a lot. Her behavior makes me read her abedtime story that puts her to sleep. She then sleeps soundly in mylaps.
Thedevelopmental milestones are significant in the liveliness of eachinfant. The stages are interdependent and sequential. Thus inorder,for a child to grow up well, the parents or caregivers should createan enabling environment for the child in order for her to develop.The child should be allowed to grow in all aspects, be it physically,emotionally or even cognitively. The child should also beunderstood,in that when she throws a tantrum, she should be understood. Thisstages are necessary for every child and should begreatly appreciated.
Altman,T. (2006). Thewonder years: Helping your baby and young child successfullynegotiate the major developmental milestones.New York: Bantam Books.