Cross Culture Management ASN 3


Angola, Albania, Bangladesh, Bhutan and China are the same in regardsto power distance. This is because the extreme to which those thathave less authority within the nations accepts unequal powerdistribution. Using Hofstede’s model, the dimensions range from 80to 94 for the five countries, indicating that governance is mainlyhierarchical (The Hofstede Centre, 2015). In a hierarchicalsociety, those that hold power are superior to those that hold nopositions. Everyone in the societies is aware of their position. Suchcountries are similar because they are characterized by highinequalities, widespread centralization, while subordinates followwhat they are told by their bosses. Bosses are superior and in chargeof any form of decision-making. Subordinates role is merely reducedto doing what the bosses expect. Such inequality is reflected in agreat difference in living standards amid those in power and thosethat are not.

Germany, Ireland, Czech Republic, Belgium and France areindividualistic communities. In these countries, civilians areexpected to take care of themselves and the immediate family. Thismeans that there are no in groups to cater for an entire society (TheHofstede Centre, 2015). Families are largely characterized asnuclear comprising of just parents and children. The parents takecare of their children’s needs, while the children depend onparents. This is contrary to collective societies where children maydepend on members of the extended family. In business, workers makedecisions solely and are not controlled by bosses. The decisions topromote and hire depend on an individual’s contribution in theplace of work. This is because employees do not work in groups, butindividually. In these countries, there is belief inself-actualization, where loyalty derives from individualpreferences. Achievement is personal and not achieved collectivelybecause of the need to succeed than others.

United States, United Kingdom, Greece, Italy and Canada have amasculine culture. The countries have a greater masculinity scorecompared to the feminist score. It implies that competition,succeeding and achieving drive the societies. The individual thatmanages to become the best in their specific field of interestdescribes success (The Hofstede Centre, 2015). The valuestructure begins during childhood and progresses all through anindividual’s life, which is in their work as well as leisureactivities. That is, children learn to strive at becoming the best inwhat they do from an early age. The feminine score for these nationsis low apparent in the behavior patterns. Behaviors at places ofemployment, learning institutions and games are founded on the factthat individuals must endeavor to be the best, because the winnertakes it all. Members of the countries strive to gain high standardsin all they do.

Slovenia, Austria, Colombia, Croatia and Chile are the same inregards to uncertainty avoidance. Uncertainty avoidance is the mannerin which a community handles the fact that it is impossible to knowabout the future. The five countries have high uncertainty avoidance.The communities demonstrate a strong requirement for laws. Inaddition is the need for highly structured legal structures (TheHofstede Centre, 2015). The need for laws derives from the needto ensure rigid codes of conduct as well as intolerance towardsunconventional notions. This they feel balances the high levels ofuncertainty experienced in the society. By having laws to follow, itbecomes possible to avoid uncertainty. Individuals feel the urge topreoccupy themselves with work, become punctual, and tend to resistinnovation. Security is an important aspect for personal motivationbecause of the high level of uncertainty. Time is very important, andrarely do people from these countries have free time, as they arebusy working.

Vietnam, Croatia, Spain, Thailand and Hungary are pragmatic nations.Individuals that believe that truth relies heavily on condition,framework as well as time symbolize communities that have a pragmaticorientation. They demonstrate a capability of adapting traditionsfast, a great inclination towards saving and investing, in additionto perseverance to attain results. People from these nations havethese characteristics. In addition, is the belief that truth reliesheavily on the condition, period and context (The Hofstede Centre,2015). Since they adopt fast to change, the societies do not hold onheavily to traditions, and society change is inevitable. Theymotivate thrift and endeavor towards modern education as a manner ofpreparing for prospect changes. Such countries rarely haveestablished norms, but instead depend on new norms, which are moreeffective.

The assignment is important because one is able to learn about thedifferent cultures, which define specific countries. It becomespossible to understand how societies work and live. It is apparentthat countries differ in how they make rules, how they adapt tochange, and how power is distributed among other aspects. It is alsoevident that these aspects make it possible to note the similaritiesamid nations. Such dimensions are possible to learn by comparingnations in terms of their power distance, orientations,individuality, uncertainty and masculinity. The assignment providesmore insight in the area of culture as well as management, whichderives from academic study and practical comparison of nations.


The Hofstede Centre. (2015). National Culture. Retrieved fromhttp://geert-