Comparison between Egyptian and Mesopotamia Civilization

Comparisonbetween Egyptian and Mesopotamia Civilization

Comparisonbetween Egyptian and Mesopotamia Civilization

Mostof themoderninnovationsin theworldtodaytracetheir originstwo of theoldestformof civilizations,theEgyptian,andtheMesopotamia civilizations.TheEgyptian civilizationwasestablishedalong theNile River in Africa whiletheMesopotamia Civilization wasestablishedbetween River Tigris andEuphrates in Middle East. Mesopotamia isaccreditedwiththeinventionof thewheel,hi-tech weaponsforthattime,grass,sailboatsandthewritingtechnology. On theotherhand,Egyptian civilizationis accreditedwith theinventionof thepaper,various types of irrigation,writingamong otherinnovations(Landes, Mokyr &amp Baumol, 2010). Thisarticleexemplifiescomparesthetwo civilizationsandtheimpactson American cultures.

Mostof theinnovationsof thetwo civilizationswereaimedat improvingagricultureorforthe protectionof thekingdom.Theriverslaidthefoundationsof theinnovations,providingchallengesas wellas ideasupon which variousinnovationsweremade.Moreimportantly, thesecivilizationswereunited,promotingpeacefulcoexistencethat enhancedcivilizations.BothCivilizations are accreditedto be thefoundersof modernwriting.TheMesopotamians hada formofwritingknownas Cuneiform, whereastheEgyptians usedtheHieroglyphics formof writing(Landes, Mokyr &amp Baumol, 2010).Cuneiform waswrittenon stoneandclaytablets,whereashieroglyphics waswrittenon claytablets,butlaterdevelopedto be writtenon papyrus andfinallyon papers,afterthe discoveryof paperby theEgyptians. Mesopotamians andEgyptians werearchitecturalgeniusestheybuiltpyramidsfortheir gods,anevidenceof their architecturalprowess.TheMesopotamians usedmudto buildtheir pyramids(ziggurats), whereastheEgyptians usedlimestone, a reasonwhytheEgyptians pyramidsstandsto date.Bothcivilizationsinventedthecalendarswhich werebasedon seasons.However,theEgyptian calendarhadthree hundred andsixty-fivedays,whereastheMesopotamian’ calendarhadthree hundred andfifty-fourdays(Landes, Mokyr &amp Baumol, 2010).

Thesecivilizationsformthefoundationsof moderncivilizationsandcontinueto influencetheAmerican cultureto date.Inventionssuchas writing,thewheel,thepaperandthecalendar,havecontinuedto revolutionizetheAmerican cultureevento date.Inventionin traditionalweaponry formedthefoundationsof theweaponry technology, andthecontinuedinnovationsinventionshavetransformedtheUS, thegreatnationitistoday.

Reference

Landes,D. S., Mokyr, J., &amp Baumol, W. J. (2010). Theinvention of enterprise: Entrepreneurship from ancient Mesopotamia tomodern times.Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.