Civil engineers play an important role in the construction industryand the society. is a diverse engineeringdiscipline that deals with planning and designing, construction andmanagement of infrastructures. These infrastructures include megastructures such as airports, dams, building, roads and bridges. Civilconstruction involves the jobs done by site civil engineers as wellas construction managers in the officers or on the construction site.Construction engineer focuses on the design work and how it istransformed into a real structure. On the other hand, constructionmanagers, although involved in civil construction does not focus ondesign. They are construction executives who ensure that the projectis delivered with the desired quality, within the client’s budgetand deadline. Although construction managers are engineers, they maynot require a professional engineer license to operate. Additionally,civil engineering and civil construction are related but not exactlyalike. While civil engineering is only concerned with constructiondesigns and implementation, civil construction involves themanagement of the construction project. Therefore, a constructionengineer is trained to manage and oversee a construction project.They are also trained to manage and monitor
plays an important role in the society. Withoutcivil construction, there would be no highways and bridges, dams,skyscrapers, pipelines and sewerage systems or airports. Civilconstruction converts dreams or architectural design into realities. is a central feature in the community and nationaldevelopment. ensures that structures such asbridges and dams are safe to the society through monitoring andmanagement of the structures. Due to the increased human populationas well as rural urban migration, which have resulted into megacities, the pressure on the environment is immense. Human activities,including constructions have a negative impact on the environment. is beneficial to the society because it enable thehuman societies to balance between the increased construction needsand protection of natural resources and the environment. Thisincludes the management of the construction resources, waste andcreation of environmentally friendly structures.
plays an important role in financial planning andlegal aspects of construction. Although financial planning mayrequire the services of accountant or more specialized costengineers, civil construction industry play an important role. Civilconstruction is responsible for the project and therefore plays anactive role in financial planning. This ensures that the megaprojects such as airports, highways and bridges do not suffer fromcash flow problems. They also ensure that the financial planningrecognizes the working plan and completion deadline of the project. is also the reference point for the legal issuesrelated to the construction project. By leasing with relevant legalauthority, construction managers are able to ensure that theconstruction adheres to regulations such as zoning and building code.In general, civil construction brings together all professionals andissues related to construction to ensure that the society gets thebest value from the project. It ensures that there is an interactionof experts in the construction industry.
The construction industry is a multibillion dollar industry.Therefore, civil construction is a major employer in the modernsociety. In the united states alone, the industry has over 900billion dollars annual revenues and employs about six millionconstruction workers. There are over six hundred thousand civilconstruction firms employing both skilled and unskilled workers. Thenumber of people employed in the civil construction is comparable toabout 13 percent unemployment rate in the United States job market.Considering the rate of unemployment in the modern society, civilconstruction has a huge contribution.
Although civil construction plays a critical role in social andeconomic development, it poses a major risk to the society. Theconstruction industry is rated as the most dangerous workingenvironment in the world. Occupational health and safety in civilconstruction is a major issue. More fatalities occur in the industrythan any other industry in the world. Annual injuries in theconstruction industry are approximately three times that of otherindustries. Although some injuries are as a result of carelessness ofthe workers, some issues are related to negligence by the managementof the construction sites. This includes insufficient standardworking procedures lack of supervision, inadequate personalprotection equipments and faulty equipments. Additionally, negligencein civil construction may result into catastrophe when a megastructure such as a building or bridge collapse.
There are several steps that an individual seeking to start a civilconstruction company should take into consideration. Civilconstruction is a highly regulated industry. It is also capital andlabor intensive. The first step in starting a civil constructioncompany is writing a business plan for the company. This will give aroad map which outlines the goals, financial aspects, equipments andstaff required as well as the target clientele. This will be followedby checking and acquiring the necessary government and professionalrequirements and licenses. After applying the required licensure andcertification, the next step is to acquire the basic equipments andemployees. Once the equipments are available, the company is readyfor a project.
Frank, H. (2013). Modern construction management, Hoboken,N.J.: Wiley-Blackwell.