Chronic and Acute Health Impairments and Infectious Diseases

Chronicand Acute Health Impairments and Infectious Diseases

Chronicand Acute Health Impairments and Infectious Diseases

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Characteristics:

Little or no eye contact

Failure to comprehend rules of conversation

art 1:Graphical organizer

Autism

Characteristics include impaired:

Information processing ability

Problem-solving

Chronic and acute impairments

Traumatic brain injury

Characteristics:

Deficit in adaptive behavior

Limited self care

Inability to socialize and communicate effectively

Impairments and infectious diseases

Intellectual disability

Infectious disease

Tuberculosis

Characteristics:

Persistent coughing

Chest pain

Characteristics:

Mild skin infection

Irritating sores

Impetigo

Hepatitis B

Characteristics:

Extreme tiredness

Constant discomfort

Part2:Impactof diseaseson education

Acuteandchronicimpairments

Autism

Autismrefersto adevelopmental disabilitythat affectingsocialinteractionsandboththenon-verbal andverbalcommunication.Thistypeof disabilitybecomesevidentat theageof three years.Autism affectslearningin severalways.Forexample,childrensufferingfrom autism nowtheir factswell,butfailin exams becausetheyhavea limitedcapacityto organizetheir ideasandputthenecessaryinformationtogethert solveacademicproblems(Center forParent Information andResource, 2015).Italsoreducestheir capacityto concentratein class,which in turnreducestheir performance.

Traumaticbraininjury

Traumaticbraininjuryrefersto injuriescausedby someexternalforce.Itresultsin partialortotalfunctioning disabilityandpsychosocial impairment (Raising Children Network, 2015). Thephysicalchanges(suchas tiredness andheadaches)thatthesepatientsexperiencereducetheir capacityto concentratein school,thusreducingtheir academicperformance.In addition,cognitive changes(suchas forgetfulness)reducethestudents’capacityto comprehendthecoursecontent, thusreducingtheir schoolperformancecomparedto otherstudents.

Intellectualdisability

Intellectualdisabilityis sub-average intellectualfunctioning that occursconcurrently with shortfall adaptive behavior(RCN, 2015). Studentssufferingfrom intellectualdisabilitiesfinditdifficulttolearnnewtasks.Thisisbecausetheyhavea limitedcapacityto sortout arisingchallengeswithout beinghelpedto thinkabout theissueas wellas thepossiblesolution.In addition,studentssufferingfrom intellectualdisabilityhavea limitedcapacityto managetime,which is oneof thedeterminants of successin academics.In essence,thistypeof disabilityreducesthestudents’performanceandtheinterestin thelearningprocess.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosisrefersto abacterial infectionofthelungs,althoughotherpartsof thebodymay be affected.Thediseaseis commonamong peoplewhospendalotoftimein clouded places,suchas schools(Metcalfe, 2006). ThisisbecauseTB can betransmittedthrough simplemechanisms,includingsharingof breath.Studentssufferingfrom Tb are excludedfrom schooluntil theinfectioniscompletedtreatedinorderto avoidits transmissionto otherstudents.Theperiodin which studentsareexcludedaffectstheir learningsince theymay not be ableto recoverthetimelost.

Impetigo

Impetigorefersto a bacterial infectionthat causescrustyrashandred blisters(Metcalfe, 2006). Thesimplemethodthrough which impetigois spread(includingbodycontact)increasestherateat which itspreads in schools.Itis advisablethatinfected childrenremainout of schooluntilthe propermedicationisinitiated.Althoughwithdrawingstudentsfrom schoolis themostappropriatehealthmeasure,itaffectstheir academicperformance.Thisisbecausestudentswhoarewithdrawnfrom schoolmay not be ableto catchup with others.

HepatitisB

HepatitisB is a viral infectionthat mainlyaffectstheliver.Itis morecommonamong childrenborntoinfected mothersandpeoplewhohavedirectcontactwith differentsecretions(suchas blood)than thegeneralpopulation(Metcalfe, 2006). Althoughchildrensufferingfrom hepatitis B are not supposedto beexcludedfrom school,its symptoms(suchas jointpain,skinrashes,andfatigue)reducetheir capacityto concentratein class,which in turnaffectstheir performance.In conclusion,bothinfectiousdiseasesandimpairments affectthelearningcapacityof thestudentseitherthrough theexclusionorsymptomsthat hinderthelearningprocess.

References

Centerfor Parent Information and Resource (2015). Categoriesof disability under IDEA.Newark, NJ: CPIR.

RaisingChildren Network (2015). How autism spectrum disorder affectslearning and development. RaisingChildren Network.Retrieved March 2, 2015, fromhttp://raisingchildren.net.au/articles/autism_spectrum_disorder_learning.html/context/1037

Metcalfe,O. (2006). Infectionin school.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health.