BullyingIn U.S (TheGrowing Problems Of Bullying Of Adolescents In America)
BullyingIn U.S (TheGrowing Problems of Bullying Of Adolescents in America)
Ina nut shell, bullying is referring to as the practice of unwanted oran aggressive behavior among the adolescents, or the school goingchildren. The aspect of bullying shows issues to do with powerimbalance. The behavior practices in bullying is repeated, or has thepotential to be repeated, and entails actions such as threats making,physical or verbal attacks, spreading of rumors. This topic hasbecome of great interest among the psychologists as it has led toincreased cases of bullying among the adolescents.Harassment/bullyingamongst teenagers have developed into a subject of widespreadexploration due to its related undesirable effects on adolescent’sattitude and behavior.
Bullyingamong the young people is something that has been on the rise inrecent past. The statistics that are associated with bullying arevery alarming as at least every child in America has faced bullyingat some point in their life. The most alarming thing is that we arestill talking of such a menace in the 21stcentury when we should not be having such a thing in the currentcivilized world. It is still alarming that this is something that isleft to continue with little being done to deal with the issue. Thispaper aims at highlighting some of the issues related to the topicsuch as the analyzing who are the affected group of people, as wellas why bullying among the youth, as well as why it’s an issue ofconcern among the young people in American society.
Whyis the topic interesting?
Thetopic is interesting in the sense that very little has been done inorder to deal with the problem. This is despite the fact that therehas been an increase in the number of people affected by bulling overthe years. There is very little effort that has been put in order tocome up with the root cause of the menace and the solutions to theproblem. This is the backbone of the paper as it will try toestablish the root cause, associated causes and give recommendationson the solutions to this menace. In addition, the statistics that hasbeen obtained from issues related to bullying has equally sent adevastating message to the concerned authorities such as schoolmanagement. Moreover, the topic has become an issue of interested dueto its negative impacts among the involved people both the victim andthe bully. Psychologist has highlighted bullying as one of themenaces among the adolescents in America.
Effecton the population
Notonly does bullying ‘viruses affected the adolescents, the issue hasbecome a menace to the entire American population. This is due to thefact that, it can also happen to adults in the society. The mostaffected people by bullying are the adolescents. It should be notedthat this is the group that is in high school in general. This showsthat the menace is a pressing research topic as it touches on one ofthe most important aspects of a society that is education. Addressingthis issue helps the society in preventing the occurrence of this actin future. The vice has many damaging effects on the young people.Some of these include the aspect of suicide among the youths,dropping out of schools and isolating oneself from the rest of thesociety (Benedict, Vivier & Gjelsvik, 2014). Finally, bullyingaffects the entire population health condition, as facilities needsto be set up to help the negatively affected people
Whyadolescent age is prone to bullying
Youngchildren in schools are prone to bullying, as it tends to increase asthe children develop into adolescents, and bullying decreases as theadolescents grow into adulthood. These practices are found to be verycommon among adolescents because the children get exposed to sociallife. The features that develop as the adolescent grow make them feelsuperior to others. Also transition of different levels of educationmakes them feel superior (Espelage et al, 2014).
Whystudents involve themselves in bullying
Adolescentsmay get involved in bullying due to family background issues such asneglect from parents, relatives, siblings and others. Also it may becaused by poor supervision by adults to the adolescents. Lack ofrules and guidance when the children are growing may result intobullying. Physical, emotional or even sexual abuse may lead to theadolescent involving in bullying (Espelage, Low, Rao, Hong &Little, 2014). Overconfidence amongst adolescent may lead to studentsviewing themselves superior to others, those who posse features suchas height, wide knowledge, wealth and other factors may takeadvantages of others they thus tend to influence bullying amongstadolescent students. Some students who lives under stress andfrustration tend to be aggressive to and rude and rude towards theirfellow students in school this thereby creates superiority to thestudent, he or she may therefore dominate and take the advantage overothers who tend to fear them due to their behavior and this resultsto bullying (Eaton et al, 2012).
Studentswho experience bullying are twice as likely as non-bullied peers toexperience negative health effects such as headaches andstomachaches. According to recent statistics it has been noted“Nearly 1 in 3 students (27.8%) report being bullied during theschool year (National Center for Educational Statistics, 2013)”. Alower percentage of these bullying cases are reported to theresponsible authority and therefor goes without penalties of thisoffence, the few reported cases ranges to 36%. The reasons for beingbullied reported most often by students were looks (55%), body shape(37%), and race 16% (Blake, Lund, Zhou, Kwok & Benz, 2012).
Environmentalimpacts on adolescent bullying
Theenvironment that surrounds an individual inclusive of the people oneinteracts with regularly may widely have an effect on the developmentof an individual1s character as he or she grows. close relatives suchas parent may have influence on their children`s behavior by theirresponses, behavior and how the parents relate with their children.Children will always imitate their parents’ character and these mayresult them acquiring these unlawful character from their parents(Blake, Lund, Zhou, Kwok & Benz, 2012). Friends impact veryheavily on their peers characters as they easily influence theirfellows into doing whatever they want to do, this environmentinfluences bullying amongst teenagers. Poor parental guidance andcare due to busy parents who don’t spend time with their childreninfluences categorization of adolescent students into groups that mayinvolve in bullying. Places where adolescents grow have heavy impacton them ghettos for instance, may likely mold a teenage intoimproper lifestyle that therefore facilitates bullying at school oreven at places of social interactions (Espelage, Low, Rao, Hong &Little, 2014).
Factorsthat leads to bullying
Thereare different and numerous factors that are believed to be the maincontributing factors towards the issue of bullying among theadolescents. One of these factors is violencein the family.Bullying is encouraged in an adolescent if he or she has grown in aviolent family, this greatly affects him or her and therefore may endbecoming a bully to fellow students, and this is because thischaracter may be easily carried from home and therefore practices iton other students. Adolescent’s social stability especially fromtheir families can be a contributing factor. Another factor behindthe menace of bullying is lackof positive role model. Anadolescent may get involved in acts of bullying when he or she isbrought up under improper care of parents or guardians. The parentsor guidance that may bring up the child should be responsible tocaution them whenever they make mistakes and hence rectify theirbehavior.
Inaddition lack of positive role modeling, exposure to negativemedia contentsuch as violent television and video games, also contribute to thedevelopment of bullying among adolescents. Teenagers and adolescentswho are addicted to watching violent kind of movies may be tempted topractice what they watch on other students, this encourages bullyingamongst them. On the other hand, priorvictim of bullyinghas become perpetrators of the menace as sometimes they look torevenge on what they went through. If a student had been bullied inthe past either mentally, physically or emotionally, he or she may betempted to revenge to other if he or she gets an opportunity to doit, also he or she may take advantage of other`s weaknesses.
Finally,there is the issue of poor performance, which may in turn lead tostress among an adolescent. This may in turn results to depressionand withdrawal from others at school this may therefore make otherunfriendly to him or her this therefore results into mental bullying.The stress may make the poorly performing student hostile to otherstudents who tend to perform better than him or her.
Thereis no basic solution to bullying but a number of strategies can beput together in order to deal with the problem of bullying amongadolescents. This is because of the fact that the causes of bullyingalso vary from one person to the other. The following are thestrategies that can be used in order to help the young people dealwith the problem of bullying.
Thefirst thing as a victim is to understand the truth about bullying.The young people should walk away from the bullies in order toprevent any confrontations. Bullies are always aimed at controllingthe emotions of the victims. The victims should never retaliate withany anger or physical force (Wang,Iannotti & Nansel, 2009).Showing lack of interest in what they are doing or saying shows thatthey do not have control over you. Protecting yourself is alsoimportant when one cannot be able to walk away and is beingphysically hurt. The adolescents who are victims should report thebullying to a trusted person as bullies are known to become more andmore aggressive. The adult may have a way of dealing with the bullywithout him or her knowing that it was you who reported them. Oneshould ensure that the reporting does not stop until the problem isover (Juvonen,Graham & Schuster, 2003).
Inaddition to understanding the truth about bullying, another strategyis reframing the problem of bullying. This implies changing yourattitude in order to make sure that one has regained the sense ofcontrol. This can be taken to mean seeing bullying in a differentperspective where one takes a bully as a person who is frustrated andaimed at making one feel the same as they do. Looking at the bigpicture and focusing on the positives also apply to bullying amongthe young people. It is important to believe that the bullying willnot be a problem in future (Juvonen,Graham & Schuster, 2003).
Moreover,implementation of strict measures against those who are found guiltyof bullying their peers can be an effective strategy towards controlof bullying among the young people. Such measures include suspendingthe out of schools for some time, which will act as a lesson toothers who may be thinking of engaging in the vice. In case theproblem is not solved, then then the perpetrators of the vice can beexpelled as from school. Not only does this punish the culprits, butalso enacts measures to which should be implemented incase anincident of bullying occurs, as well as offering protection to thevictims against any possible revenge (Johnson& Waite, 2014).
Lastlyand not the least, another strategy that can be employed is the useof campaigns against the vice in the society. This can be donethrough school programs where most of the victims are found. It canbe through concerts, games or nay social activity bringing the schoolgoing children together. These campaigns should be led by youngpeople in order to make sure that they feel the sense of ownership ofthe campaign, which will increase the chances of it succeeding (Wang,Iannotti & Nansel, 2009).Not only do the campaigns educates the culprits and warns theperpetrators, but it also helps the implementation and monitoring ofhealth programs among the youth. It helps the psychologist tounderstand the learners more and better.
Inconclusion, it can be argued that bullying in life among the youngpeople especially those in the adolescent age. This calls for a lotof effort in ending the vice owing to the fact that it has verydamaging consequences on the side of the victims. To the extremeside, the victims commit suicide when they reach a point where theycannot face bullying anymore. This shows that bullying amongadolescents is a vice that should be dealt with amicably if all thechildren in the county have to live their lives to fulfillment. Withreference to the information obtained about the issue of bullyingamong the adolescents in America, the present study of the issues hasshowed that most behaviors of bullying are related to schoolenvironment or else happens mostly within school settings. This hasin turn called for better measures to deal with this key and frequentproblem among the youth, in order to fight anydeleterious effects to the adolescents` and school going children’shealth and academic life. It’s therefore important for furtherstudies to be conducted, in order to develop as well aspsychometrically authenticate a scale that would help to assessbullying behaviors, including not only victims, but alsoperpetrators. Finally, longitudinal examination will be neededevaluate bullying-related risk, and enact a protective strategy.
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