BlackNationalism and Black Power and James Brown
BlackNationalism and Black Power and James Brown
DigitalHistory. BlackNationalism and Black Power.Digital History, 2014. Web retrieved from <http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtid=2&psid=3331>
Thisis a secondary source, whose main audience is general public, as wellas students and educators. The website examines the growth of BlackNationalism right from the 19thcentury when black nationalists were convinced that it was impossibleto attain full equality in the United States, in which case theyvouched for migration overseas. Nevertheless, the article eventuallyfocuses on Black Muslims and their place in Black Nationalism. It maybe acknowledged that some element of Black Nationalism involved armedstruggle and violence as demonstrated by the Black Panthers.
Perhapsone sentence that would be perfectly useful is “Publicopinion polls indicated that only about 15 percent of black Americansidentified themselves as separatists and that the overwhelmingmajority of blacks considered Martin Luther King, Jr. their favoredspokesperson”.It is a demonstration of the aspirations of the blacks.
Thisitem is would be useful in my work as it provides a proper history ofBlack Nationalism. In addition, it clearly depicts the aspirations ofblacks as far from separatist but rather equal rights. The efficacythis source as an academic source is its alignment with an academicinstitution.
Fredrickson,George M. TheComparative Imagination:Onthe History of Racism, Nationalism, and Social Movements.University of California Press, 1997. Web retrieved from<http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft9p300976brand=ucpress>
Thisis a secondary source whose main audience is students and educators.It will be useful in the provision of information pertaining to thehistory of black nationalism, as well as the individuals that were atthe forefront. In addition, it offers information on why it died downor rather the major events in the same.
Thisarticle primarily compares the Black Nationalism in America withother struggles that were occurring in Africa primarily South Africa.It is noted that the Black Power movement that came to be in the 60swas a revival of the Black Nationalism of the 20s, espoused by MarcusGarvey.
Perhapsone of the most powerful statements in the website revolves aroundthe fact that the movement made considerable difference in the racialpride and self-esteem of African Americans. This website isacceptable as an academic source as it cites credible academicsources such as books in all its information.
Woodard,Komozi. RethinkingThe Black Power Movement.Africana Age, 2011. Web retrieved from <http://exhibitions.nypl.org/africanaage/essay-black-power.html>
Thisis a secondary source.
Itsprimary target audiences are students and educators, although thegeneral audience would benefit from it.
Thissource not only traces the connection between Black Nationalism andblack power, but also examines its linkages with other freedom andequality struggles in other parts of the globe. In addition, it wouldbe crucial in providing information pertaining to what the main aimsof the Black Nationalism and Black Power movements and the variationsfor the two.
Thiswebsite tries to connect the Black Nationalism to Black Power andprovides information pertaining to the legacies of the same. Ofparticular note is the fact that it also seeks the linkage betweenthe black power movement and Black Arts Movement, where artists andphotographers, actors, poets and film makers emerged.
“lostin quick succession were most of the veteran theoretical leaders whohad demonstrated some prowess in race and class analysis in the blackworld.”
Thewebsite is an academic source as it provides citations for theinformation that it has.
Hanson,Michael. Suppose James Brown read Fanon: the Black Arts Movement,cultural nationalism and the failure of popular musical praxis.Popular Music, 27, 2008. pp 341-365. Web retrieved fromhttp://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=2604668
Thisis a secondary source. Its main audiences are students andinstructors. It would be useful in examining how the BlackNationalism inspired a certain genre of music. In addition, it wouldbe useful in examining the effects that the emergent music had on theblack power movement.
Itis acknowledged that James brown, among other popular musiciansmobilized black people around the theme that they were beautiful,which enhanced their self-esteem. However, it the soul culture andpopular music went against the nationalist efforts in the enlistingof black masses. This was a reflection of the inability of BlackNationalism to enlist and appeal to mass black public’s politicalpotential that it valorized.
“Itis argued that both the formal attempts at producing revolutionarycultural products and the broader influence and reception that blacknationalist politics had within the field of black popular culturewere in significant ways less communicative of collective politicalwill and desire than emergent popular musical formations.”
Thisarticle is an academic source as it is published in an academicjournal, not to mention that it also cites other academic sources forthe information it offers.
Vierkant,Paul. James Brown and the Black Power Movement or Was America`s SoulBrother Number One a Black Nationalist?, Munich, GRIN PublishingGmbH, 2005. Web retrieved fromhttp://www.grin.com/en/e-book/60909/james-brown-and-the-black-power-movement-or-was-america-s-soul-brother
Thisis a secondary source. Its target audiences are teachers and studentsalike.
Thebook would come in handy in providing an analysis of the role thatJames Brown played in the Black Nationalism or Black Power. It wouldalso provide a distinction between the two concepts not only inregard to their characteristics but also their aims.
JamesBrown managed to touch and influence the souls of every AfricanAmerican at a time when they were trying to re-define themselves.Like other forms of art, his music not only entertained people butalso offered identity to African Americans, creating unity at thenational and individual levels.
“However,the black aesthetic consists not only of a collective function and aself-direction, but also of racial memory and consciousness, in otherwords: learning consciously from the past to fight powerfully in thepresent struggle for a better future”.
Thisarticle is an academic source as the references and sources of theinformation contained therein are well presented.