Comparative politics is the study of other countries political experience. Comparative politics is done by the use of comparative methods by making comparisons and drawing conclusions across case studies. It relies on either, Inductive reasoning (use of case studies to generate hypotheses) or deductive reasoning (testing data on established assumption/theories) to establish a relationship and make up a theory.
In today’s worldwhich is interconnected, we need to have a global perspective onglobal politics. By learning other nations’ political experience,we will be able to escape some fallacies that may have befalling us.We learn other aspects of other nations’ government, and we will beable to apply to ours.
Comparativepolitics is an interesting and an exciting field of study because weget to discover much about other countries. We can interact withthem, learning their pattern in politics and their cultures. Ideasshared across the countries are pretty exciting since we are able tolearn new ways of life.
Tables and charts enliven the texts and present important yet relevant information in a more straightforward, comprehensible and graphical way. Tables and charts provide a more interesting and attractive presentation of data in a manner that enhances comparative analysis between countries.
Well-endowed states have absolute advantages over poorly-endowed states in many areas such as education and technology.
Countries that have sufficientresource endowment tend to have comparative advantages in producinggoods and services easily since resources are in abundant,inexpensive and locally available this will make the state attainprosperity.
Legitimacy is the belief and recognition that a rule, leader or institution has the right to govern. Legitimacy enhances obedient to the rule of law and the political power in charge.
Problems may arise during the establishment of legitimacy becausethere are no good signs that differentiate between the legitimaterule and illegitimate rule. Secondly because there are challengerswho work to portray the legitimate rule as illegitimate, this iscontrary to the actors. The counter-claims are in effort to opposeand undermine the political power.
Some states are strong and effective simply because they supply better and high-quality political products to its citizens. Weak states are weak mainly because they supply poorer and lesser than required quantities of public services. A state fails the people because the government cannot deliver the essential political goods (public services) to its citizens.
Globalization results in global political institutions which produce smaller political units. Leaders from individual states become more politically powerful in their states where they govern, but they remain a minority force, and on the political institutions in which they compete. Through globalization, a limited role for the government in managing the economy is created.
Similarities and differences both exist between the UK and the US governance and political system. UK governance is based on monarchy, whereas, US is based on federalism, where power was distributed over all federal states that make up the US. The UK is headed by the monarch (in most cases, the Queen) and the Prime Minister while the US is headed by the President. The two countries have only two political parties dominating the political scene. The US president either comes from the Democratic or the Republican Party whereas in UK, the Labour Party and the Conservative Party are the only parties that have been ruling over a century.
Germany’s government type is Federal Republic while France has Republic type government. Elections are done after five years that is the term length for both nations. Both countries have constitutionally guaranteed self-government as their constitutional status.