ASSESSMENT OF A COMMUNITY 4
Assessmentof a Community
Berkeleyincorporates the lowest overall teen birth rate in the state’shealth jurisdictions. It is noted that African American teens comerecorded birth rates that were 5 times higher than those of Latinateens 20 times higher than those of white teenagers. As per researchcarried out in between 2002 and 2007, it was noted that Berkeleymaintained lowest rate of births among adolescent mothers incomparison to every other health jurisdiction since 1994. The averageteen birth rate at that time was four times lower than the average inCalifornia (Sines et al, 2009).
Theinfant mortality rates in West Berkeley continue to go down. However,there are still variations between the rates of infant mortalityacross the races, with African Americans recording the highest ratesat 18.6 per 1000 births, compared to the non-Hispanic Whites rates of8.1 per 1000 births (Sines et al, 2009). These are higher than theCalifornia rates of 4.9 deaths per 1000 live births and 6.4 deathsper 1000 nationally.
Studieshave demonstrated that Berkeley has a higher life expectancy thanother parts of the state, the state, as well as the country at large.Indeed, health studies in 2007 stated that Berkeley residents livedlonger and healthier lives compared to almost anyone else in Bay area(Sines et al, 2009). The residents have a life expectancy of 82 yearsfor men and 86 years for women (California Healthy Kids Survey,2013), which is four years longer than the California average andfive years longer than that of the United States (Sines et al, 2009).However, the death rate of African Americans is twice that of whites,with the gap seeming to widen with time (California Healthy KidsSurvey, 2013).
WhenBerkeley is compared to California with regard to the rates ofasthma, it is evident that its rates of hospitalization for the sameare way higher. However, African Americans have higher rates of thesame particularly at the age of 5years, compared to the whites(California Healthy Kids Survey, 2013). West and South Berkeley,which are all lower income neighborhoods, were particularly affectedas they had consistently higher rates compared to other wealthierparts. Currently, Berkeley is deficient of an asthma prevention,control and self-management program (Sines et al, 2009).
Sines,D., Saunders, M., & Forbes-Burford, J. (2009). Community healthcare nursing. Chichester, U.K: Wiley-Blackwell.
CaliforniaHealthy Kids Survey, 2013. City of Berkeley HEALTH STATUS SUMMARYREPORT.