ANTI-ABORTION CAMPAIGN 1
Abortion refers to the act of removal of a fetus before its dueperiod of birth has reached. It can also be defined as the cessationof a due pregnancy before the arrival of the time of birth therebyresulting to cancellation of fetal development. Following the rise ofthe cases of abortion in the world, a campaign on anti-abortionwaslaunched to prevent the process. Those who were in support of thecampaign claimed that it was an utmost violation of morality and acessation of the life of a human being, tantamount to death. Theycalled this murder of the fetus. Many people were to the view thatthe rule by the statebeing passed would be a violation of the humanrights of individuals1.They also believed that it would result to unwarranted loss of livesfor the fetuses and that it would be completely out of the ethicalstandards.
This is what made it to be termed as an immoral act. The act ofkilling the fetuses was completely unethical and immoral to even havea thought about. The moral aspect has been violated and theethicalaspect alsooverridden. The abolishment of the act was all that thecrusaders of the campaign fought and advocated.
Most of the abortion cases was because of pregnancies that were notplannedfor, poverty, family break-ups and at times abortion wascarried out in circumstances where the fetus exposed the woman todeath or permanent infertility.Health practitioners, who illegallyreceived funds from the clients, performed the act. Some women alsoused local herbs to carry out the illegal act.
The main reason underlying the increase and support of theanti-abortion campaign was the ruling that was made in the Roe vs.Wade case. In this case, Roe who was a pregnant woman and who was notmarried. She sued to the court in an attempt to challenge the lawsthat existed in Texas concerning abortion. According to her, theywere not constitutional. She stated that it was not but rather it wasa crime to undertake an abortion unless it was for the purpose ofsaving the life of the mother2.This was in an effort to challenge the decision of the Texas and theabortion laws, which they has put in place. The laws that had beenpassed in Texas stated that it was a crime to aid a woman in thecarrying out of an abortion.
In support of her were other plaintiffs who included as doctor whowas known as Hallford. On his part, he was in trial for goingcontrary to the state abortion laws. Other plaintiffs in the casewere the Does which was a married couple but who had no children intheir marriage. On the other hand, the defendant in the case was thecounty District Attorney. His name was Wade and hence the Roe vs.Wade case name3.
A three-judge bench was handling the case. According to the rulingthat they delivered, the two plaintiffs, Hallford and Roe had astanding to sue and their appeals were warranted. On the other hand,the complaint by the Does was not warranted. According to them, theywere seeking a court injunction as to the enforcement of the laws onthe grounds thatthey were unconstitutional. This request was notgiven as the bench declared that the complaint that they aired wasnot justiciable and the injunction was not possible. The ruling thatwas delivered by the Supreme Court following the appeal of theearlier case stated that it was the decision of a woman on whethertocarry out an abortion or not. This was following the difficult timein balancing between the two conflicting sides in relation to theregulations of abortions. One side was the protection of prenatallife in this case which the life of the fetus or the embryo is. Theother side was protecting the life of the pregnancy-carrying mother4.The decision as to whose life to protect was a hard one to make andthis is what made the ruling to be made.
The resolution of the court was that the regulations of the state inregards to abortion were tied until the third trimester of thepregnancy. This is equivalent to six months of the pregnancy. Theruling seemed to favor the process of abortion until the sixth monthof the pregnancy. This is what resulted to public uproar and matchagainst abortion by the public. This is due to the fact that they sawthe move by the court as a license for people to carry out abortionsbefore the lapse of the six-month period under the ruling5.
The anti-abortion push is present to date where all the crusaderspush for the abolition of the laws that legalize it. They believethat more is yet to be done when it comes to the making of the lawsregarding abortion.
The issues as pertains to family and marriages are what made up theuprising. The many conflicts that were evident in the families arewhat encouraged and even added more vigor to the campaign. Manybelieved that the removal of the abortion rules would result to evenbetter marriages and reduction in cases of immorality. Immorality canbe termed as the major player in the fostering of the increase in thecases of abortion6.Through the changing of family play roles, such cases will beeliminated.
The development of gender equality and integration of people of allgenders has also led to the development of the campaigns. Abortionhas been since the ancient days an illegal act as this terminates thelife of an innocent child. Abortion further still puts the women intogreat danger as it predisposes them to death, infections andpermanent infertilities after tampering with the womb. Heavy bleedingof the victims during the act also exposed them to a series ofdiseases that at last caused death to the involved victims in theillegal undertaking7.
The 1980s was a period that was characterized by the presence of theCold War. This was a period of mass tension between the differentpolitical divides of the world. This is where conflicting parties inthe case the United States and USSR, tried to outfit each other inbeing the superpower in the world. The war in this case rather thanbeing a physical warfare was a psychological war8.They tried to outfit each other in the military ability, economic andtechnological development, and influence in other countries amongmany other ways. This war can be compared to the match in theanti-abortion uprising. In this, the supporters of the campaign trytheir level best to see to it that they get the most support possiblefrom the people. This is due to the principle of “major majority”.In this, the people who are majority in a situation always have theirway through in some situations. Through the acquisition of majoritysupport, they will be able to have a say in the abolition of thecontentious issues in regards to abortion. The strategy of the majorplayers in the Cold War of supporting conflicting parties in order toobtain their support can equate the fight for the support from otherdivides by the anti-abortion crusaders9.The advancements in the economic and technological knowledge on theother hand is similar to the gathering of evidences, facts, figuresand support in order to overturn the ruling that allows for theabortion to be practiced.
The match by the anti-abortion campaigners is a vigorous one.10This is because of the perception that they have against abortion.They perceive it as being an immoral act that cannot be in any wayallowed by the state. This is what has resulted to the uprisingagainst it. What added more vigor to their fight, is the decision bythe Supreme Court that allowed the people / pregnant women to abortuntil the beginning of the third trimester of the pregnancy that isequivalent to six months of the pregnancy. All that can be said isthat much is still to come as the events unfold to what is comparedto the climax of the Cold War. As the crusaders state, the fightcontinues without fear, favor or surrender.
Chung, JaeChorl. 1992. Asemiotic analysis of television news coverage of the anti- abortionmovement, 1973-1989.Thesis (Ph. D.)–Ohio State University, 1992.
Doan, AleshaE. 2007. Opposition& intimidation the abortion wars & strategies of politicalharassment.Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.http://site.ebrary.com/id/10333723.
Faúndes,Aníbal, and J. Barzelatto. 2006. Thehuman drama of abortion: a global search for consensus.Nashville, Tenn: Vanderbilt University Press.
Grant, R. G.2008. TheCold War.Mankato, Minn: Arcturus Pub.
Harper, JohnLamberton. 2011. TheCold War.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Haussman,Melissa. 2005. Abortionpolitics in North America.Boulder, Colo: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Jefferis, Jennifer L. 2011. Armed for life: the Army of God andanti-abortion terror in the United States. Santa Barbara, Calif:Praeger.
Piehl, Norah.2007. Abortion.Detroit: Greenhaven Press.
Schweppe,Jennifer. 2008. Theunborn child, Article 40.3.3° and abortion in Ireland: twenty-fiveyears of protection? Dublin:Liffey Press.
Wu, Fanda,and Joyce Arthur. 2011. Asurvey of anti-choice protesting activity at Canadian abortionclinics.Vancouver, B.C.: Abortion Rights Coalition of Canada.http://site.ebrary.com/id/10448992.
1Grant, R. G. 2008. The Cold War. Mankato, Minn: Arcturus Pub.
2Harper, John Lamberton. 2011. The Cold War. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
3Chung, Jae Chorl. 1992. A semiotic analysis of television news coverage of the anti- abortion movement, 1973-1989. Thesis (Ph. D.)–Ohio State University, 1992.
4Doan, Alesha E. 2007. Opposition & intimidation the abortion wars & strategies of political harassment. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. http://site.ebrary.com/id/10333723.
5Faúndes, Aníbal, and J. Barzelatto. 2006. The human drama of abortion: a global search for consensus. Nashville, Tenn: Vanderbilt University Press.
6Piehl, Norah. 2007. Abortion. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.
7Schweppe, Jennifer. 2008. The unborn child, Article 40.3.3° and abortion in Ireland: twenty-five years of protection? Dublin: Liffey Press.
8Wu, Fanda, and Joyce Arthur. 2011. A survey of anti-choice protesting activity at Canadian abortion clinics. Vancouver, B.C.: Abortion Rights Coalition of Canada. http://site.ebrary.com/id/10448992.
9Haussman, Melissa. 2005. Abortion politics in North America. Boulder, Colo: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
10 Jefferis, Jennifer L. 2011. Armed for life: the Army of God and anti-abortion terror in the United States. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger.