Annotated Bibliography




Broeren,S., Muris. &amp Diamantopoulou, S. (2013). “The course ofchildhood anxiety symptoms: Development Trajectories and childrelated factors in normal children”. JAbnorm Child Psychhol,41:81-95.

Fearand anxiety among children, to a level of being considered adisorder, have been highlighted in several scholarly literature. Thisresearch based journal articles aims at exploring developmentmilestones and varies anxieties symptoms observed among children. Thestudy involved 224 children between the age of four and eleven yearswhere the parents were required to fill standardized questionnaireson observed anxiety symptoms for a period of two years. The theory ofmind was also determined by direct interviews with the children.

Thearticle provides important relationship between developmenttrajectories and factors such as internalizing symptoms and the levelof behavior inhibition. The study is credible, and involves anacceptable statistical data analysis.

Ryan,S. R., Schechter, J. C. &amp Brennan, P. A. (2012). Perinatalfactors, parenting behavior, and reactive aggression: Does cortisolreactivity mediate this development risk process? J Abnorm ChildPschol, 40: 1211-1222.

Thereare limited studies on the influence of perinatal factors on thedevelopment of aggressive behaviors in children. This journal articlelooks the relations between perinatal risks and “reactiveaggressive behavior as opposed to general aggressive behaviors”.The subject in the study was selected from elementary school agedchildren. Although no relationship was established, a strongrelationship between parenting and minor physical anomalies wasestablished.

Thediscussions and conclusions of the study are supported by evidence.However, the study leaves several gaps in the study since it isconclusive in the study. This is also mentioned in the conclusion.


Hakulinen,C. et al (2013). “Childhood family factors predict trajectories ofhostility and anger: a perspective study from childhood into middleadulthood”. Psychologicalmedicine,43, 2417-2426.

Severalstudies suggest that social and economic status of families have animpact on behaviors at children behaviors (Sousa, et al, 2012). Thejournal article takes a critical look at environmental factors suchas social economic status, family support and conflicts influencehostility in early adulthood. The study involved over two thousandparticipated between 3 and 18 years in a longitudinal study over aperiod of 27 years. The study established that low socioeconomicstatus and hostile family environment results into higher hostilityand anger among young adults.

Thefindings of the study support information on sociological literatureswhich suggest that the family environment has an impact on behaviorsamong children and young adults. The study is one of the mostcomprehensive researches in the recent past.

Tornet-Purta,J. &amp Barber, C. (2011). “Fostering young people’s support forparticipatory human rights through their developmental niches”,AmericanJournal of Orthopsychiatry,81, 4: 473-481.

Thearticle focuses on how the neighborhoods can foster civil engagementamong the young through their development niches. Civil engagementand human right has been a major issue in the last half a century.The article is a secondary analysis of past studies, mainly the“evaluation of educational achievement civic education study”which was carried out in 1999 in several countries.

Thediscussions and conclusion of the article are based on a crediblestudy in several countries with Western Europe traditions. Severalstudies have support the fact that fostering social justice at anearly age has an impact on social advocacy and human right actions inlater life (Llewellyn et al, 2010).


Milburn,N. G. &amp Lightfoot, M. (2013). “Adolescents in wartime USmilitary families: A developmental perspective on challenges andresources”, ClinChild Fam Psycho Rev,16: 226-277.

Thejournal article is a literature review of the developmentalchallenges and risks experienced by adolescents in wartimes USmilitary families. In the recent past, the United States has beeninvolved in major wars outside the American continent. The soldiersfighting in these wars have families and children. Wartime have animpacts on the military officers’ family, especially if thechildren are between the age of 12 and 18 years. This article reviewsstudies on the developmental challenges faced by adolescents inmilitary families during wartimes.

Thearticle concludes that there are numerous challenges faced byadolescence in wartime military families. This conclusion is based oncredible and diverse studies that have been carried out on differentissues and diverse subjects (Maholmes, 2012). The conclusion issupported by evidence.

Tradeau,L., Spoth, R., Randall, G. K., Mason, W. A. &amp Shin, C. (2012).“Internalizing symptoms: Effects of a preventive intervention ondevelopment pathways from early adolescence to young adulthood”, JYouth adolescence,41:788-801.

Evaluationof interventions that can impact on the development of internalizingsymptoms among the adolescence is essential. The article is a reportof a study on the mediated and moderated effects of preventiveintervention at the family level during adolescence on internalizingsymptoms later in the individual’s life. The study involved 446sixth grade teenagers in Midwest school district from 22 families. The students were randomly selected and subjected to the experimentalconditions. The study reveals that the implementations of familybased interventions have an impact on internalizing symptoms. TheISFP, a family based program was found to be effective especiallyamong high risk adolescence.

Thestudy analyzed a family based program, the Iowa Strengthening FamilyProgram (ISFP), which have been used to address internalizingsymptoms as well as substance abuse. In addition to being supportedby other related studies, the study used self report questionnairemethod of data collection.


Llewellyn,K. et al. (2010). “Civil Learning: moving from the apolitical tothe socially just”. Journalof curriculum studies,42(6) 1-22.

Maholmes,V. (2012). “Adjustment of children and youth in military families:Towards developmental understandings”, Childdevelopment perspective,6(4), 430-435.

Sousa,C. et al (2011). &quotLongitudinal study on the effects of childabuse and children`s exposure to domestic violence, parent-childattachments, and antisocial behavior in adolescence&quot. Journalof Interpersonal Violence26 (1): 111–136.