Air Pollution and EGS

AIR POLLUTION AND EGS 10

AirPollution and EGS

Airpollution is the degradation of the air in the atmosphere by amixture of solid particles that should not be in the air. Accordingto Gurjar (2010), air pollution is the entry of particles, biologicalelements, gases and any foreign material that damages the natural setup on the air. Air is polluted by physical particles, toxic gases anddust. The pollution leads to negative consequences in the ecosystemthough damages such as animal and human diseases, human and animaldeath, poor crop life and natural atmosphere set up. On the otherhand, Haze is an atmospheric condition of blockage of clarity of thesky by air pollutants (Gurjar, 2010). A haze occurs when the sky isblocked by particles, dust, smoke and other particles that obscuresky’s clarity.

Studyingthe topic of air pollution and haze menace has benefits that accrueto both the study and the researcher. The study of this topic opensmore information on the causes of pollution, the process of pollutionand the consequences of the degradation process. Therefore, thisstudy will be of benefit because it will provide a clearunderstanding of the air pollution and haze problems. Moreover, theexploration of the problem will lead to possible solutions to the airand haze problem. Therefore, the study will be of great benefit as itreveals the solutions to the problem in the country and the world atlarge.

Theimpactof airpollution

Airpollution has a great impact on the mother earth and the universe asa whole. The main consequences of air pollution are majorly negativeas the process involves the disruption of the natural set up of theatmosphere. Air pollution affects the whole world and not just thecountry of origin. According to Lee (2014), over 20% of the airpollutants deposited in the United States comes from the Asiancountries and China. While there are many consequences of airpollution and haze, there are certain major impacts thatsignificantly affect human life and the environment. Therefore, it isimportant to explore these impacts on the human life and separatelyon the environment.

Impacton human life

Airpollution and haze lead to the development of certain diseases thataffect the health of human beings and fatally lead to death.According to Wong (2014), some of the problems associated withpollution lead to discouragement of children and elderly from gettingout in Beijing. Some of respiratory diseases in China and the worldtoday can find their root cause in air pollution. According toFlotoJo (2014), airpollution leads to health risks to diseases and health conditions. Byhealth risk, it is meant that air pollution places human beings at ahigher possibility of contracting some respiratory and degenerativediseases than those in unpolluted air. According to Gurjar (2010),asthma, coughing, lung cancer and heart diseases are among the topdiseases whose probability is increased by air pollution.

Inaddition, air pollution leads to these diseases by leading toweaknesses in the human body that cause or lead to certain diseases.Air pollution leads to inhalation of poisonous air to the humansystem, thereby affecting the normal operations of the humanphysiological systems and cells. According toVennemoet al (2009), most of the polluted air contains poisonous gases thathave been released from into the atmosphere by industrial and miningpollutants. FlotoJo(2014) arguesthat some of these gases are very toxic and damage human tissues. Thedamage caused by the pollutant gases leads to adverse effect on thenormal functioning of body cells and tissues. According to Booker(2011),the effect of gases like sulphurous gases on the lung cells leads torespiratory diseases and function.

InChina, air pollution leads to respiratory diseases as well as adversehealth conditions. Air pollution causes respiratory diseases once aperson exposed to the polluted environment. According toVennemoet al (2009), air pollution leads to cardiovascular and respiratorydiseases because of the poor air quality. However, the direct impactof these pollutants when inhaled varies from person to person. Thetype of diseases and condition caused by such exposure depends on theimmunity of the person, degree of exposure, age and genetic factors.According to Gurjar (2010), children have a higher probability ofdamage and contraction of diseases and even to death compared toadults. Gurjar (2010) argues that some of the common poisonous airpollutants that affect the human health include Nitrogen Oxide,sulphur dioxide and the Ozone among others.

Impacton the environment

Airpollution leads to adverse to the output of the land and farms.According to Qian (2014), over 82% of the polluted Chinese land ispolluted by inorganic materials. In addition, the pollution of theair by toxic acidic gases leads to high concentrations of acidity inthe air. When it rains, the gases dissolve in the rainwater and fallto the ground as acidic rain. Accordingto Gurjar (2010), theacidic rain changes the soil pH from basic to acidic, therebyaffecting the soil’s organic life and plant life. The agriculturalproductivity of the affected soil is highly reduced, especially forplants and crops that grow in such conditions. As a result ofincreased pollution, cases of acidic rain increase, thereby reducingthe agricultural production in the regions affected.

Anotherimpact of air pollution and haze is the death of wildlife and aquaticlife. The exposure of animals to the poisonous gases produced byindustries and other pollutants lead to death. Accordingto Gurjar (2010), airpollution affects animals in an equal measure as it does to the humanlife, especially during the exposure to poisonous gases. The death ofwildlife affects the environment by interfering with the ecosystemand affects tourism. Exposure to acidic gases and acid rain furtherkills the aquatic animals and interferes with their ecosystem.

Needforair pollution reduction

Thediscussion of the negative impacts of air pollution stronglyindicates the main reason why pollution should be reduced andpossibly eliminated completely. Additionally, the other reason thatshows a need for reducing pollution is the expansion of theindustries that is happening in the country especially in industriesusing fossil fuel (Melanie,2014).Taking the case of China, the developments in the industry poses athreat to the future of the environment and health of the people. Theexpansion in industries means higher levels of pollution, which willtranslate to more negative impacts as described above. Therefore, toalleviate the effects of pollution to both the human life and theenvironment, methods of reducing pollution should be explored today.

Anothermajor need for the reduction of pollution is its negative impact onthe planet. The planet is gradually losing the natural set up to theeffects of pollution in the name of global warming. Due to pollution,the ozone layer has gradually been damaged leading to the penetrationof the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun to the earth`s surface(Booker,2011).The result of this impact is increased heat on the surface of theearth, a phenomenon identified with global warming. According toBooker(2011),global warming is responsible for the increase in the water levels inthe coastlines as the ice in mountain melts to the seas. In addition,global warming has led to famines and dry spells in countries thathad rainy climates thereby converting them into deserts.

Airpollution and haze link with EGS

Reductionof air pollution, promotes the enjoyment of the ecosystem goods andservices. Some of the ecosystem goods and services include clean air,fresh and reliable water, natural raw materials, medicine, animal andplant food, tourism among other services. Air pollution leads to thedegradation of these goods and services, which affects the quality ofhuman life. One of the direct damages of air pollution is lack ofclean air to breath. According to Wong (2014), marathoners wereforced to wear masks so as to run in the 2014 Beijing marathon. Thisshows the extent of damage of air pollution on the ecosystem goodsand services.

Tomaintain the enjoyment of the ecosystem goods and services, it isimportant that air pollution be eliminated or reduced. Apart from thelarge economic, environmental and health damages that air pollutionleads to in China, the degradation of air denies people and wildlifethe benefits of ecosystem goods and services. According to Wong(2014), children, the sick and elderly in Beijing are encouraged tostay indoors and avoid activities that may expose them to pollutedair. Denial of the ecosystem goods and services due to air pollutionis increasing with the expansion of industries. Therefore, airpollution should be reduced.

Whileair pollution needs to be reduced, it is important to note thatpeople rely on the industrial production for daily life and thegovernment to run the economy. Therefore, the application of theEcosystem Goods and Service dependency frameworks is thereforeimportant in the determination of the measures to be taken. At thesame time, the production of the industrial goods and services leadsto air pollution (Kahya, 2014). This means that there should be abalance in the application of the anti-pollution policies andproduction methods. This is because air pollution is closely linkedwith the development of industries, which risks more pollution ifindustries expand.

Accordingto Grigg (2009), the situation presented by the two ends representsan uncontrolled risk and unrealized opportunities. The uncontrolledrisk of pollution is presented by the expansion of industries. InChina today, expansion of industries has led to extreme degradationof the ecosystem. The degradation threatens the survival of humanbeings. On the other hand, the unrealized opportunities lie in theeconomic value that can be realized if industries develop in thecountry. However, industries pollute the air in the process ofproducing the essential goods and services (Kahya, 2014). Therefore,friendly production should be explored so that there can be a balancebetween the uncontrolled risks and the realization of economicopportunities.

Aneffective adherence the ecosystem goods and services framework willbe observed if industries in China will focus on reducing the risk oflosing the ecosystem to pollution. One of the measures is operationalin nature. According to Grigg (2009), industries should adoptefficient operational techniques that do not waste materials andrelease industrial waste in the air. In addition, industries shouldadhere to industry compliance regulations planed by the newgovernment policies. Grigg (2009) further argues that policies suchas taxation should be maintained using the revenue in financingprojects to correct the effects of pollution.

TheChinese government and the corporate bodies should also explore theopportunities created by the industrial expansion. The opportunitieswill lead to new revenue streams that can finance the protection ofthe ecosystem by reducing air pollution. The opportunities will alsopresent better methods of production through the adoption of researchas the basis of increasing efficiency and reducing air pollution.Reduction of air pollution and haze is important because it leads tobenefits that accrue with the EGS.

Conclusion

Airpollution is a global problem, but has significantly affected Chinain terms of the environment and human life. More importantly, airpollution is increasingly denying the country the benefits ofecosystem goods and services, EGS. As a result of the impact on theEGS framework, air pollution leads to diseases, chronic healthconditions and even death. At the same time, air pollution hasaffected the environment by degrading the wildlife and aquaticecosystems. As a result, the production from the environment such asagricultural out reduces greatly. Due to high levels of air pollutionin China the people, corporate and the government should establishand implement measures that will reduce air pollution. Throughalternative industrial techniques and policies, pollution will bereduced and a higher level of EGS benefits will be maintained.

References

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Gigg,A. (2009). Dependencyandimpacton ecosystem services-Unmanaged rists and unrealized opportunities.RetrievedFrom,&lthttp://www.naturalvalueinitiative.org/download/documents/Publications/Business_case_for_managing_ecosytem_services.pdf&gtMarch 25, 2015

Gurjar,‎B.R., &ampMolina, ‎L.T. &amp Ojha, C. (2010). AirPollution: Health and Environmental Impacts.New York: CRC Press

Kahya,D. (2014). ChineseEnvironment Ministry warns on Water pollution. Retrievedfrom,&lthttp://www.greenpeace.org.uk/newsdesk/energy/news/chinese-environment-ministry-warns-water-pollution&gtMarch25, 2015

Lee,A. (2014). Importingair pollution from China. RetrievedFrom,&lthttp://www.cbc.ca/news/world/importing-air-pollution-from-China-1.2773267&gtMarch 25, 2015

MelanieJ. (2014). IsNatural Gas Cleaner Than Petroleum &amp Coal? Retrievedfrom,&lthttp://homeguides.sfgate.com/natural-gas-cleaner-petroleum-coal-79371.html&gt

Qiang,L. (2014). Pooroutlook for quality of air, soil and water.RetrievedFrom, &lthttp://en.people.cn/n/2014/0605/c90882-8737287.html&gtMarch 25, 2015

Vennemo,H., Aunan, K., Lindhjem, H., &amp Seip, H. M. (2009). &quotEnvironmentalPollution in China: Status and Trends&quot.&nbspReviewof Environmental Economics and Policy 3&nbsp(2):209.

Wong,A. (2014).Beijingair pollution forces marathon runners to wear masks.RetrievedFrom,&lthttp://www.cbc.ca/news/world/beijing-air-pollution-forces-marathon-runners-to-wear-masks-1.2804936&gtMarch 25, 2015